Hazan And Shaver's Attachment Theory

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Hazan and Shaver’s Attachment theory. Attachment theory was extended to adult romantic relationships in the late 1980s by Hazan and Shaver. There are several attachment-based treatment approaches that can be used with adults (Stable, 2000). In addition, there is an approach to treating couples based on attachment theory (Johnson, 2002). Four styles of attachment have been identified in adults: secure, anxious-preoccupied, dismissive-avoidant and fearful-avoidant. 1. Secure attachment. Securely attached people have positive views for themselves and for their attachments. Secure attachment are promoted by a caregiver who is emotionally available and appropriately responsive to his or her child's attachment behavior. (Chris & Shaver, 2000). 2. Anxious-preoccupied…show more content…
Like dismissive-avoidant adults, fearful-avoidant adults tend to seek less intimacy, suppressing their feelings (Hazan & Shaver, 1987). Present research is closely linked to Shaver and Hazan’s (1987) attachment theory. Adult attachment theory helps to find out different attachment styles and their effect on personality. These different attachment styles and their respective characteristics figure out the traits that leads to secure romantic relationship. Compassionate vs Passionate Love theory. Hatfield and Rapson (1993), gave the concept of love by using different categories, opposed to the categories given by previous researchers. Hatfield and Rapson (1993), distinguished between passionate love and compassionate love. Passionate love is an intensely emotional state identified with a confusion of feelings: tenderness and sexuality, elation and pain, anxiety and relief, altruism and jealousy (Hatfield & Rapson,…show more content…
Both compassionate and passionate love were related to relationship satisfaction and commitment. Satisfaction was linked more strongly to compassionate love than to passionate love (as cited in Hendrick & Hendrick, 2000). Hatfield and Hatfield (1993) defined two basic categories of love. The basic characteristics associated with these love categories helps to find out which love type is more likely to form a secure romantic love relationship. Our research’s main focus is on finding secure romantic love relationship among couples. Hatfield and Hatfield (1993) research on different love categories gave much contribution to present research. Triangular theory of Love. The triangular theory of love is the most popular and recognized theory developed by Sternberg (2007). Sternberg (1986) created a different way to measure and view love. He introduced following three basic components of love. • Intimacy which encompasses feelings of attachment, closeness, connectedness and bondedness. Strenberg (1986) proposed that intimacy include feelings of experienced happiness with a partner, mutual understanding and intimate communication with the loved
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