Shaver Attachment Theory

773 Words4 Pages
Hazan and Shaver’s Attachment theory. Attachment theory was extended to adult romantic relationships in the late 1980s by Hazan and Shaver. There are several attachment-based treatment approaches that can be used with adults (Stable, 2000). In addition, there is an approach to treating couples based on attachment theory (Johnson, 2002). Four styles of attachment have been identified in adults: secure, anxious-preoccupied, dismissive-avoidant and fearful-avoidant. 1. Secure attachment. Securely attached people have positive views for themselves and for their attachments. Secure attachment are promoted by a caregiver who is emotionally available and appropriately responsive to his or her child's attachment behavior. (Chris & Shaver, 2000). 2. Anxious-preoccupied…show more content…
Dismissive-avoidant attachment. Adults in dismissive-avoidant attachment style desire a high level of independence. They often view themselves as self-sufficient, invulnerable to attachment feelings. They not need close relationships. They suppress their feelings and distanced themselves from partner (Chris & Shaver, 2000). 4. Fearful-avoidant attachment. Adults in this attachment style have mixed feelings about close relationship. They mistrust their partners and they view themselves as unworthy. Fearful-avoidant adults desire emotional closeness and often feel uncomfortable with emotional closeness. Liem and Boudewyn (1999) identified that people with losses or other trauma, such as sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence may often develop this type of attachment. Like dismissive-avoidant adults, fearful-avoidant adults tend to seek less intimacy, suppressing their feelings (Hazan & Shaver, 1987). Present research is closely linked to Shaver and Hazan’s (1987) attachment theory. Adult attachment theory helps to find out different attachment styles and their effect on personality. These different attachment styles and their respective characteristics figure out the traits that leads to secure romantic…show more content…
Compassionate love heve combining feelings of friendly affection and deep attachment. This love is characterized by friendship, understanding, and a concern for the welfare of the other (Hatfield & Rapson, 1993). Compassionate love is defined as “the affection people feel for those with whom their lives are deeply entwined (as cited in Hendrick & Hendrick, 2000). According to Hatfield and Hatfield (1993), most people hope to combine the delights of passionate love with the security of compassionate love in their intimate relationship. Both compassionate and passionate love were related to relationship satisfaction and commitment. Satisfaction was linked more strongly to compassionate love than to passionate love (as cited in Hendrick & Hendrick, 2000). Hatfield and Hatfield (1993) defined two basic categories of love. The basic characteristics associated with these love categories helps to find out which love type is more likely to form a secure romantic love relationship. Our research’s main focus is on finding secure romantic love relationship among couples. Hatfield and Hatfield (1993) research on different love categories gave much contribution to present

More about Shaver Attachment Theory

Open Document