Shell Niger Delta Oil Spill

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1. INTRODUCTION Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies or sources such as lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater. This type or form of environmental degradation occurs when the pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water those water bodies without enough or adequate treatment to remove those harmful compounds that may cause contamination. It is a major problem in the whole world, which needs and requires on going evaluation and revision of water resource policy at all levels. It is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases and people suffers from water pollution related diseases every day. This assignment will give focus on the incident reports of water pollution across the whole world whereby…show more content…
Oil from Shell was spilled on the Niger Delta in 2008. According to the company, the spill from faulty weld on a pipeline has resulted in 1, 640 barrels of oil to be split in to the delta near the town of Bodo in Ongoniland. The figure was based on the assessment that was done and agreed at the time by Shell together with the country’s oil regulator and representative from the community. • The environmental risks The spill poses serious threats to fresh water and marine environments. It causes effects on surface resources and a wide range of subsurface organisms that are linked in a complex food chain that includes human food resources. Spilled oil can also harm the environment in several ways. This includes the physical damages that directly impact wildlife and their habitats, for example, coating birds or mammals with a layer of oil, and the toxicity of the oil can poison exposed organisms. Various type of fresh water and marine organisms that exist in nature have different types of sensitivities to the harmful effects of oil spillage and contamination as well as abilities to recuperate. Some organisms may be seriously injured or killed very soon after contact with the oil in a spill; some other effects are more subtle and tend to last longer. For example, freshwater organisms are at risk of being smothered by oil that is carried by the current, or of being slowly poisoned by long-term exposure to oil trapped in shallow water or stream beds. In addition, oil can potentially have catastrophic effects on birds and

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