Oil companies have failed to respond to numerous cases of human rights abuses in the region. Whenever there is an attempt of protest from the oppressed for oil company activities and environmental damage, Nigerian security forces have repeatedly beaten, detained and even killed people. The acts by oil companies continue to trouble the Niger Delta region to
The Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR), Earth Rights International (ERI) and other human rights attorneys sued Shell for human rights violations against the Ogoni. After thirteen years of litigation, the case against shell ended in a historic $ 15.5 million settlement for the plaintiff (Center for Constitutional Rights, 2009). Shell and Nigeria have failed on oil pollution clean-up: Tiny action has been taken to clean up pollution caused by oil production in Nigeria’s Delta region either the by the government authority or Royal Dutch Shell (International Amnesty, 2014). Oil production in Nigeria Delta has affected the quality of the drinking water of at least ten communities in the Ogoniland area but neither the Nigerian government nor Royal Dutch Shell’s Nigeria authority have taken the effective measures to restore the fouled environment (International Amnesty, 2014). Among those emergency measures, emergency water supplies were brought to community has contaminated by the pollution.
To answer these questions stated above; the present academic literature will be a focus , as the will be reviewed and discussed to shade more light to the paper. 1.5 Significance of the study I have picked the Nigeria as a case for this study since Nigeria is the biggest oil producer in Africa, and host to several international oil companies in the Niger Delta region. Most African states are portrayed by insecurity, poor administration and one of the real causes is the presence and huge power the multinational oil enterprises enjoy in African nations. Thus, study will shade light to the exercises of Shell and Chevron in the growth and development of Nigeria, and review the characteristics if any from different oil
The discovery of oil in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria in 1950 ushered in a new era of greater political instability. There are a number of different parties involved in the conflict, including the government, various ethnic groups competing on the oil, the identity and ownership of the land, militant groups and multi-national corporations. Although there has been an increase in economic activity in this area, the people of the Niger-Delta not benefited from revenues and approximately 70% of the population lives on a dollar per day (Rosenau, chalk, McPherson, Parker & Long, 2009). Oil activities of multinationals and the growing number of oil spills, the burning of gas and pipeline explosions have contributed to environmental degradation
MBA 570 Midterm Question 1) Discuss the current situation in Nigeria in terms of the conflict between oil corporations, the local population, and the Nigerian government: The Niger Delta is one of the world’s 10 most important wetland and coastal marine ecosystems and is home to around 31 million people. It is also the location of massive oil deposits, which have been extracted for decades by the government of Nigeria and by multinational oil companies. (Amnesty) The current conflict began in Nigeria or The Delta which it is referred to when Shell started extracting oil from the area. Royal Dutch Shell, plc (Shell) began oil production in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria in 1958. This has led to a long and profitable relationship
The Ogoni people of the Niger Delta region started a growing front against the oil company protesting the poverty, environmental degradation and the severe human rights abuses Shell brought to the community as a result of oil spills which destroy most of their farming and fishing activities. To make matters worse, Shell assisted the then government soldiers financially to use deadly force and attack the community brutally to suppress the protesting throughout the 1990’s. Ken
Aaron (2011) defines CSR as encapsulating a broad field ranging from corporate commitments and ethical conduct to philanthropic gestures by corporations in their operating communities. Aguilera et al. (2007) use a definition of CSR, which refers to the firm’s considerations of, and response to issues outside the usual firm requirements to accomplish social and environmental benefits along with the traditional economic gains that the firm
Jeremy Moon (2004) defines CSR as a combination of corporate citizenship, sustainable business and environmental responsibility; it is accountable to social, environmental and ethical issues both in term of corporate and the national environment. The neo liberal writers see it as voluntary, but some neo liberal see CSR as an obstruction and diversion from a business primary concern, i.e., profit maximization, yet most neo liberal writers maintain the point of view that, Friedman was actually correct. CSR in the long run can be beneficial to the organizations it prevents from unnecessary government intervention and
The plaintiffs on behalf of the Ogoni people argued that Shell was complicit in the commission of torture and extrajudicial killing pursuant to the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA), 1789. In June 2009, to quell international pressures, a settlement deal was issued by Shell of $ 15.5 million as compensation. The settlement also set up a Trust Fund called The Kiisi Trust for the Ogoni people. The trust was for education, women empowerment, and adult literacy and for the setting of small enterprises. In light of the compensation issued by Shell, the environmental damage caused by Shell still persists and the Ogoni people still live under poor conditions.
The advent of suicide bombing as a strategy for prosecuting terrorism by members of the sect has since signaled a new dimension to the national security challenge in Nigeria. To say the least, the rising incidence and prevalence of terrorist attacks in Nigeria have exposed the country to serious levels of humanitarian and territorial vulnerabilities. In the face of this situation, the sustenance of Nigeria national security is at best problematic. Also the risen war against farmers by people suspected to be Fulani herdsmen is describe by many scholars like Jibo (2014), Okoli and Iortyer (2014), Okeh (2013) and Nchi (2013) as Boko Haram disguising themselves as herdsmen and launching violence attacks on the innocents farmers in other to take over their land for grazing purpose. To Dambazau (2016) Boko Haram insurgents are using the pastoralist/Sedentary farmer conflict as a cover to terrorize Nigerians.