His writing has been exploring of the painful psychological impact of colonial cultural decline. Comrade Mzala rightly opines that “Art is an important weapon in the struggle; it either reinforces or undermines the power of the oppressor”. Through the novel Petals of Blood and Matigari we see Ngugi writing as a strong social satire. Both novels portray the life after colonial era but the common thing is the same situation and problem faced by natives during colonialism. Ngugi works are characterized by criticism against European unacceptable law and injustice.
Foe or Friend, Terrorist or Hero: Nelson Mandela Due to British harsh and racially determined rule over South Africa, independence could only be achieved through the use of (political) disobedience and violence, but to what extent were Nelson Mandela’s participation in such violent activities justified? Being a British colony for decades has marked South Africa and left an everlasting effect on its politics and community. Initially, the British arrived in South Africa in 1785. By the late 1800s, gold was discovered in approximate territories. Their territories are of course then annexed, leading to a series of wars (Anglo-Boer War).
Peter Schöffer, Fust's son-in-law, also joined the enterprise. Schöffer had worked as a scribe in the printing press and was the designer of some of the first typefaces, which is a set of one or more fonts. Gutenberg actually made two printing presses, one for Latin and one for German. One of the ways the printing press made money was by printing thousands of indulgences, which reduces the amount of punishment one has to undergo for sin for the church, documented from 1454 to 1455. In 1455 Gutenberg made his 42-line Bible, known as the Gutenberg Bible.
Orwell’s short story covers the narrator’s mental battles well and uses characterization and symbolism to convey the effects of imperialism on individuals and how the pressure of a group’s wants can lead someone to a decision that is immoral. To begin “Shooting an Elephant,” Orwell covers the narrator’s thoughts on imperialism and how the British control had affected his life. By reading the passage, the reader learns that the Orwell believed imperialism was “evil”
Introduction: Heart of Darkness, is a novella by Joseph Conrad, stating the story of ivory trade and slavery. His attempt to reflect this view is through the character of Marlow a white character whose child hood obsession was maps and exploration. Marlow tells the story as an eye witness participating in the most of actions of the story giving us dark image of Africa and Africans and a horrible picture of colonialism. This darkness increases as we go into the depth of Congo. As well he reflects the role of the imperialism of the colonials in the exploitation of Africans for their own interests rather than to enlighten the natives ' that they claimed for.
However, Columbus and the Europeans committed a lot of genocide when conquering the Native American land. Throughout this chapter, Zinn uses historical causation as he argues about the fact that Columbus mistreated the Indians. Additionally, Zinn discusses the effects of this mistreatment, which was the suffering of Indians and the success of Columbus in the short term; in the long term, it was the extinction of the Indian tribes. Chapter Two- Drawing the Color Line Zinn provides the reader with evidence on how racism prevailed during the revolution and proves that racism was the result of many historical events which had caused brutal slavery. Zinn proved this by declaring that “some historians think those first
Another theory that is cited by racists in order to strengthen their argument is Darwin’s theory of evolution. Darwin’s theory was about the Origin of species. According to his theory there is a natural law in place. The law of natural selection, which presents the idea that there is a natural system by which the strongest and most intelligent specimen of each races survives to produce offspring and so on while the rest die out. White-supremacists hold this theory as the validation of their claims and “moral” justifications for their crimes against a supposedly inferior race.
The White Man’s Burden: As Kipling sardonically claimed, it was the self avowed burden of the White man to civilize the brown and the black races. The average British officer and administrator lived by the theory of Social Darwinism. Indians were little better than wild beasts and the only way to rule them was to abandon the paternal methods of the company and rule them henceforward with a rod of iron. (Chand, 479) With this mission in mind, the British gave many gifts of western civilization to India. They brought to their colony in India the Railways, Telegraphs, Roads, Western system of medicine, western system of education, and western system of rule of law.
As a common trend for many regimes, every government produces conflicts between the ruling and the ruled. The impact of the British Empire’s corruption during the age of colonialism is an example of these consequences. The British government shows contempt towards its foreign vassals, and the colonists in return feel aversion towards their European rulers. The renowned writer, George Orwell is influenced by imperialism’s ethnical conflicts. Despite being a colonial policeman, he is compelled into slaying an elephant by the Burmese colonists to save both his own, and ironically, the Empire’s “face”.
He had been vested with power to inflict torture. Police were very ineffective. On September 9, 1854 the governor in council of fort St. George appointed a commission “for the investigation of alleged cases of torture at Madras. In order to remove defects sections 25 and 26 included in Indian Evidence Act and made police untrustworthy. The same Act is in use even today in