This key battle of the Civil War was led by General Samuel R. Curtis of the Union and General Earl Van Dorn of the Confederates. To begin with, before the battle of Pea Ridge the Union had a strong defensive position in Arkansas near LIttle Sugar Creek. The Confederate forces had commanded General Van Dorn to destroy the Union’s position at the Pea Ridge in Arkansas. General Van Dorn came up with a plan to attack the Union soldiers by marching around the Unions location and attacking rear sides. This battle was an attempt to take a strong defensive position for the confederates that would leave the Confederate army with a strong position through Arkansas and Missouri.
The confederate army was worn out from their march to Shiloh. The next day, Grant’s army once gain clashed with Beauregard’s. This battle lasted until about mid-day, and resulted in Beauregard retreating to Corinth. This led to the battle of Corinth, which was an easy victory for the Union Army. After the union took over the railroad station, they cut off the supplies that were being taken to the confederate Army.
South Carolina was the first to withdraw from the Union. The state of South Carolina did not want to be part of nation that had no control. Then other southern states such as, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Texas, and Louisiana left the Union. As a result they established the Confederate States of America, which was an independent southern slave republic. Lower and South and Upper South had to go to war to decide whether what side to pick.
The Confederate invasion caught the Union forces off guard. The Union found themselves scrambling to defend New Mexico and Southern Colorado. Colonel Canby decided to reorganize his forces in the area and consolidate at Fort Craig, a main supply depot and fortified position in the area. Col. Canby successfully defends Fort Craig but in the First major battle after the confederate invasion, the Battle of Valverde, the Union loses the city of Albuquerque.
Lee Did not want to be caught on the defensive so he decided to attack first. His target was a supply base in Manassas. Lee sent half of his army to launch this attack. This Attack was led by Stonewall Jackson Which happens to be the hero of the First Bull Run. 13 months prior to this attack the confederates seized Union supplies and burned down the supply base.
After taking the town, Arnold’s men set fire to warehouses along the shore that soon burned through the rest of the town. Across the river, Arnold 's other column, led by Lieutenant Colonel Edmund Eyre moved north along the east bank with orders to take the high ground overlooking the harbor. The British demanded th Americans to surrender, but Ledyard refused to leave Fort Griswold. Eyre was ready to attack. Arnold, fearing another Bunker Hill sent a runner to tell Eyre to stop the attack, but he was too late.
Lee was so fearless he determined to invade the North reiteratively. Robert E. Lee strategy was to drift the fighting away from Virginia and into the Union Territory. He wanted to move the fighting, because the Confederate were under siege in Virginia. Lee hoped to gain recognition from Britain and France for the Confederacy. Joesph Hooker,the Union commander, was exposed to the worst defeat of the Army of Potomac in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
The battle of Shiloh proved to hold significant importance. It helped the Union in their plan of splitting the Confederate in two which was included in the Anaconda plan. Also, the Union now obtained the Memphis and Charleston railroad, which was vital to communication systems. When looking back on the battle, it is easy to identify the reasons why the Confederates lost the battle of Shiloh.
The article Antietam In The Civil War informs readers about the battle of Antietam. During the beginning of the battle of Antietam, Lee marched to Maryland hoping to seize railroads feeding Washington D.C. and rally inhabitants of the border states. Next Lee split off part of his army, which McClellan would probably never figure out. Therefor, Lee had an advantage on McClellan’s army. That was true up until one of Lee’s couriers lost a copy of his marching orders and the union found it.
Generals Hill and Ewell of the Confederates drove Union forces back towards Cemetery Hill and Culp's Hill. Ewell refused to pursue the Union troops on the hill as he deemed their position too advantageous. Later that day, more Union corps arrived to strengthen the defense further. On the next day, the Confederates attacked the Union's left and right flanks. The Confederates won control of some land but the Union still held the higher ground, Cemetery Hill.
The confederates stopped attacking because the territory they were getting into was unfamiliar. Buford elected to stay in the area to see Lee’s next attack. Meade moved a majority of his forces to Gettysburg after the skirmish between Buford and Lee’s scouting group. Lee thought if the north is reinforcing this area then it must be very important. He decided to relocate all of his forces to this area.
Longstreet was doubtful at first, but then Harrison convinces him that he has actually seen the Union troops coming to them. Longstreet quickly wakes up General Lee who is the commander of the Confederate army. Then he remembers to tell Longstreet that the head of the Army of the Potomac has changed: it 's now General Meade, not General Hooker.. Lee is also skeptical, since he has sent General Stuart with his horse to keep an eye on the Union army’s each movements. But Longstreet believes that Stuart is out joyriding.
General Jackson intended to capture Fort San Carlos the following day; however, the British destroyed the fort during the night and run away. On November 14, 1814, Andrew Jackson said to Willie Blount, “…Tremendous explosions told me that the Barancas with all its appendages was blown up…I determined to withdraw my troops, but before I did I had the pleasure to see the British depart.” Very few men were injured or killed in this squabble between the Americans and the British and Spanish.
As the Civil War continued many of the decisions made by the leaders led to different events and affected the outcome of the battle and how the Civil War would end. During the Battle of Jonesborough there were two generals that represented the North and South. The leader of the Union throughout the Atlanta campaign was General William T. Sherman. The top-ranked Confederate general during the campaign was Joseph E. Johnston, but was later replaced by General John Bell Hood.
Late in the afternoon, Confederate reinforcements including those arriving by rail from the Shenandoah Valley extended the Confederate line and succeeded in breaking the Union right flank. At the battle’s climax Virginia cavalry under Colonel James Ewell Brown Jeb Stuart arrived on the field and charged into a confused mass of New Yorkers, sending them fleetly to the rear. The Federal retreat rapidly deteriorated as narrow bridges, overturned wagons, and heavy artillery fire added to the confusion. The calamitous retreat was further impeded by the hordes of fleeing onlookers who had come down from Washington to enjoy the spectacle.