“The fighting in Bexar raged with a house-to-house assault unlike anything the Mexican army had before experienced” (Lee, n.d.). General Cos’ surrendered from the Alamo on December 9, 1835 with 200 of his men dead and many more wounded. The Mexican surrender and the siege of the Alamo brought immediate retaliation from Santa Anna. He quickly assembled a force of 8,000 men and pushed mercilessly towards Texas. He was determined to crush all opposition and teach the Texans a lesson (Lee,
The Battle of Bull Run was a battle against South Carolina and the Union of Confederacy. On the 15th of April 1861, South Carolina military forces would capture and attack Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. A production was issued by Abraham Lincoln, declaring an insurrection against the laws of the United States. Seven other states had declared their secession, even South Carolina to form the Confederate states of
He put it as “ They have lost everything that makes them human. They do not deserve to live. That is why we must kill every single one of them (Beah 108)”. His trying to convince them to fight which worked. They gave the kids new clothes and burned their old ones.“ As I was putting on my new army shorts, a soldier took my old pants and threw them into a blazing fire, but the cassette had already started to melt.
This battle is known as the The Battle of Pea Ridge. This key battle of the Civil War was led by General Samuel R. Curtis of the Union and General Earl Van Dorn of the Confederates. To begin with, before the battle of Pea Ridge the Union had a strong defensive position in Arkansas near LIttle Sugar Creek. The Confederate forces had commanded General Van Dorn to destroy the Union’s position at the Pea Ridge in Arkansas. General Van Dorn came up with a plan to attack the Union soldiers by marching around the Unions location and attacking rear sides.
Lee Did not want to be caught on the defensive so he decided to attack first. His target was a supply base in Manassas. Lee sent half of his army to launch this attack. This Attack was led by Stonewall Jackson Which happens to be the hero of the First Bull Run. 13 months prior to this attack the confederates seized Union supplies and burned down the supply base.
That was true up until one of Lee’s couriers lost a copy of his marching orders and the union found it. Of course, now that McClellan knew about this, he knew that he had the advantage in the numbers of soldiers and began attacking the confederates lines. The first day of battle was one of the worst considering 5,000 were killed, 20,000 wounded and the union troops
The Battle of Gettysburg started off when Robert E. Lee formulated a plan to attack the Union in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Lee had the intention of drawing the Union’s men out into the open, and having his army attack them right then and there. As Lee and his army approached Gettysburg, Lee became aware that there was a shoe factory nearby, and that most of his army did not have shoes, so they started heading to the shoe factory. Little did they know, the factory was crawling with Union soldiers. The Union and Confederate fired shots at each other for three days, resulting in a rough estimate of 50,000
Johnston attacked, driving the surprised bluecoats back near a small church called Shiloh, meaning “place of peace.” Throughout the day, the Confederates battered the Union army, driving it back towards Pittsburgh Landing and threatening to trap it against the Tennessee River. By mid-afternoon, General Johnston was killed and General Beauregard took control, halting confederates advancements until nightfall. By morning, Buell’s army provided Grant with reinforcements. The confederate army was worn out from their march to Shiloh. The next day, Grant’s army once gain clashed with Beauregard’s.
Militiamen were ordered to charge Cherokee country with force. Women and children at play were rustled up and placed in prison stockades. The Cherokees final sight of there once homes would be in flames, loved one’s gravesites being desecrated as they searched for silver pendants and other valuables. A volunteer who formally served in the Confederate Army would state, “I fought through the Civil War and have seen men shot to pieces and slaughtered by thousands, but the Cherokee removal would be the cruelest I ever saw.” Within a single week 17,000 Cherokees were rounded up and herded to concentration camps where they would await their 850 mile walk of the Trail of Tears. In their walk they would undergo the harsh elements of the weather, sickness and fatigue.
When Kansas wanted to join the union, the people of the area were able to vote if they wanted it to be slave free or pro slavery. People that supported slavery swarmed into Kansas and burned down a hotel, and they saw this as a victory (The sack of Lawrence Kansas 1856). However, abolitionists fought back and killed men, who they thought were responsible, in front of their families. This is where the idea of Bleeding Kansas comes from. Pro- slavery groups rushed supporters into Kansas to vote for pro- slavery legislatures.
Then, David Farragut came up from the Gulf of Mexico. His ships bombarded New Orleans, capturing Forts Henry and Donelson. With these victories, the Union decided to move into Vicksburg. Union commanders, Ulysses Grant and William Sherman, divide the army to attack Vicksburg in two different directions; however, they both failed at their first attempt. Finally, the Union came up with a plan to achieve victory.
Despite the apparent disintegration of slavery and eroding southern morale, the war’s outcome was uncertain in 1863 and 1864. In April 1863, “Fighting Joe” Hooker, a new Union commander in the East, invaded central Virginia. Outnumbered two to one, Lee repulsed Hooker at Chancellorsville, though his most talented commander, Stonewall Jackson, was mortally wounded in the fight. Lee soon decided on another invasion of the North, although the rationale for it today remains unknown. His army met and fought Union forces under General George G. Meade at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, the first three days of July.
I don’t have a great understanding of this but it seemed like Grimsley looked at the Northern point of view. Sherman took the entire course of the war to change from being a commander who sought to exclude civilians from the conflict to becoming a leader who actively searched for ways to terrorize Southern civilians into giving up their cause (without injuring them). In the first three years of the war, Sherman went from rigorously protecting Southern civilians and their property to believing that these citizens were ultimately responsible for the war and had to be convinced to stop supporting it. He sought a way to end the war with as little bloodshed as possible. Sherman’s method of war became the Federal strategy for winning the war.
Pierce also sights them as traitors, showing he is backing pro slavery territorial legislature. When this happened the pro slavery marshal assembled a large posse to arrest them. When they arrived in Lawrence, Kansas they overturned the town, destroyed many printing presses, and burned down the “Governor’s” house. The violence in Kanas began in 1854 and continued thru 1861. When the attack on Lawrence is answered by John Brown and his four sons and few others on the anti-slavery side strike back.