However, Friedan notes, with this new focus on femininity, careers, intelligence, and education were considered issues for females (274). Friedan argues that without meaningful competition, women will have “neurotic symptoms, or unproductive exercise, or destructive ‘love’” (274). Friedan concludes the section by addressing the fallacy that women already have their rights, acknowledging that women are viewed as second-class citizens, and hoping that women will assert themselves and compete in the real world instead of pretending to be content as housewives (Friedan 275). From “The Feminine Mystique”, we can conclude that women of the 1950s and 1960s began to recognize the dominance and injustice of the patriarchy. The text provides many examples of how the media reinforced the idea that women should be content as housewives, proving that this was a legitimate societal issue.
However, by the end of the novel, she is considerate of others, still pushes for her beliefs in a more polite and educated manner, and embraces the fact experiences have value. Different experiences such as the hanging and Roger’s death teach the horrors of society, her mother and the Jewish lady teach Catherine how to be herself, and animals like the ant and the bear teach her how the little things could be huge to others. One experience that leads Catherine to discover the need for change is her lack of both sense and direction. She often speculates about all she will do when she grows up. “I am no minstrel or wart charmer, but me”(Cushman
Her role is that of a meek, submissive wife whose concern should be centered on the family, her relatives, and her children. She turns to her mother for comfort but she too is equally helpless: “I knew she was wondering … why she had failed to teach me acceptance. Wasn’t it merely arrogance to think that we could take matters into our hands? To take over the writing of our own stories?” (AP
She is self-expressive and self –esteemed. Her rejection of marriage proposal from the men like Robert and even her cousin Harry shows she values for more knowledgeable man than a man with good rank and fine features does. She doesn’t want to give up her life for her husband’s sake. She asked her suitor Mr Moore to “teach me and help me to be good. I do not ask you to take off my shoulders all the cares and duties of property, but I ask you to share the burden, and to show me how to sustain my part well.”(653) The societal assumptions like “Shirley incapable of love!” “That she will never marry... her
Seeing Augustus Carmichael shuffling past and thinking of his wife’s inequity towards him and why he shrank from her and pondering that she has no difficulty in making people like her. Seeing Augustus just nod to her question and thinking that all this desire of hers to give, to help, was vanity. Thinking how flawed human relations are even at their best. Learning that Minta and Paul had not come back. Thinking whether Minta accepted Paul’s proposal for engagement.
This non-traditional leadership style is characterised by completeness and interactiveness. Subordinates are encouraged to participate and have a say in every aspect of their work. This inclusive leadership style has its disadvantages, which is not only viewed as symbolic of women leaders, but the leaders have to act on the input they receive which takes up a lot of time, therefore opening one up to criticism which can be interpreted as the leader not having answers (Rosener, 1990). In addition Rosener (1990) indicated that women prefer the participation leadership style but when there are time constraints, women tend to act unilaterally. Rosener (1990) indicated that this nontraditional leadership style can be effective in organisations that accept it, where the organisation is not always about the survival of the fittest.
In her novel, The Joy Luck Club, Amy Tan focuses on the fact that the bond between a mother and daughter can overcome any ethnic barrier. Despite there being many disagreements and arguments about the ways to live their lives, Tan defies this issue by creating a bond that is unbreakable even though the experienced different upbringings. Certain disagreements keep the novel interesting and create a conflict depicting the problems stemming from this barrier. Through her use of similes, metaphors, and flashbacks, Tan shows how the bond between a mother and daughter can withstand even the strongest cultural differences. Tan expresses the changing connection between the main characters’ mother-daughter relationship through the use of metaphors.
She accepts male-chauvinistic society. But at the end of the novel she finds with her ‘self’. Marian partially reconstructs that new persona or concept of self through a renewed relationship to food. Non-eating in The Edible Woman is mainly a symbol of the denial of the patriarchal model of femininity. Although the protagonist is an educated bright woman who lives on her own, she feels manipulated and unable to take decisions for herself.
She believes she must be mother, breadwinner and self-motivator all in one and does not ask for help. This could have opened up some time for her to take a much-needed rest whilst a friend kept an eye on her children. With two small children, stress will be a major factor for her and this will again contribute to illness. She obviously has to work long and hard to make ends meet and yet is unable to afford to see a Doctor. Fatima is not in the best of situations and immediately, one can identify with the pressures she will be under.
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction "Women are never stronger then when they arm themselves with their weaknesses." - Madame Marie Du Deffand This quotation primarily talks about the need to support and empower women, by providing what she know she doesn`t have or what she is lacking-off. The Philippine government thus provides woman the financial support they need to be able to challenge them to go beyond their comfort zones, through the presence of Non-government Organizations (NGO 's) and other microfinance institutions. Helping woman to be able to go out to their comfort zone which is inside the house and try new things that could bring success and improvements to their lives. This paper will attempt to observe changes on women