Shift Work: Employment Practice In The Workplace

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REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Shift Work Shift work is an employment practice designed to make use of, or provide service across, all 24 hours of the clock each day of the week. The practice typically sees the day divided into "shifts", set periods of time during which different groups of workers take up their posts. The term "shift work" includes both long-term night shifts and work schedules in which employees change or rotate shifts. Once considered a manufacturing issue, shift work occurs today in many industries and fields. Law enforcement, military, security, healthcare, retail, restaurants, hospitality, service stations, grocery stores, transportation, fire stations, convenience stores, customer service call centres, newspapers, media, and any facility that houses people 24 hours a day such as prisons and nursing homes, and more, require shift work to keep their operations running. Shift work, in which an employee works the same shift consistently, is usually considered better for employee health and the ability of the employee to develop a fulfilling lifestyle and positive family relationships. Constantly changing shifts disrupt all life patterns. Since evidence suggests that shift work, such as working the night shift, can have debilitating health effects, employers must carefully assess the benefits and consequences of how shift work is scheduled.

Nurse Scheduling Problem (NSP)
Health services pose a challenge for the automatic scheduling systems. While in other areas
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