William Henry Webb, better known as Chick Webb, was born February 10, 1905 in Baltimore,Maryland. He was born with a condition in his back called spinal tuberculosis which led him to have poor health his entire life. Webb was a small hunchback man with great musical talent that people called an “unconquerable spirit”. He was one of the greatest jazz drummers of the Harlem Renaissance and still influences jazz drummers today.
Texas’s first African American woman novelist was also a biographer, diarist, educator, publisher, and librarian. Lillian B. Horace was born on April 29, 1880 in Jefferson, Texas. Her parents were Thomas Armstead and Mary Ackard. The family moved to Fort Worth, Texas when Lillian was a young toddler. She would go on to receive her early and formal education, graduating from the historically black institution, I. M. Terrell High School. Lillian enrolled in Bishop College in Marshall, Texas, where she took classes from 1898 to 1899. She focused her entire life around writing, entrepreneurship, community activism, philanthropy, and her faith.
When you think of September you think of back to school. Right? We all remember the smell of a new box of crayons. Well in the 1900s that was not the case for many children in America. Labor laws were not fair, but there was one American woman in that era that said enough is enough. She fought hard on improving working conditions for many American Her name was Florence Kelley.
On August 13, 1954, Reverend George D. West announced that the Tennessee Christian Missionary Society, which is the state organization of the Disciples of Christ churches in Tennessee, purchased the 1802 Grand Ave property for its new headquarters. The TCMS began in 1894 as the result of “movements that were backlashes against the rigid denominationalism of the early 1800s. The movement’s purpose was to return to the principles of the early churches described in the New Testament.” By 1969, the TCMS outgrew the 1802 Grand Ave property, put it on the market for $30,000, and moved to 3700 Richland Avenue.
Lena Horne was a star who broke racial barriers. In a suppressive 1900s America, an African American woman was determined to step into the limelight to defy the racial standards of her time. She faced an uphill battle trying to create a career from her childhood, with little support from her own family, let alone a white dominated industry. When she finally proved to be an astonishing performer and struck a deal with a major Hollywood studio, she was still held back by racial segregation laws still in effect in the south. Horne recognized her influence and used her talents to go from actress to activist. Through movie roles and songs the starlette used her voice to make movements for African American civil rights.
Although some people might argue that Shirley Chisholm does not demonstrate leadership qualities, a closer examination proves that the former congresswoman was a strong leader because of her independence, perseverance,and willingness to take risks.
Mary Lou Williams was an American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger. “She wrote hundreds of compositions and arrangements, and recorded more than one hundred records (in 78, 45, and LP versions). Williams wrote and arranged for such bandleaders as Duke Ellington and Benny Goodman, and she was friend, mentor, and teacher to Thelonious Monk, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Tadd Dameron, Dizzy Gillespie, and many others (Wikipedia).”
Officially, she is the second woman to hold the title of governor in the state of Texas. However, Dorothy Ann Willis Richards is regarded by many as the first woman who earn the election for Texas's top office of governor. Thanks to many years of volunteering in numerous gubernatorial campaigns, because she was the first woman to become Travis County commissioner twice, and since she was also the first woman to serve as state treasurer, the 45th Governor of Texas earned her title. For these reasons and many more, Ann Richardson, as she was better known, won the race 1990 gubernatorial race against Clayton Williams, fair and square. Unlike former governor Miriam "Ma" Ferguson, who is often disregarded as the stand in for impeached governor James "Pa" Ferguson, Mrs. Richardson dedicated many years of her life to the local and state government, prior to her race for governor (Brandeis University).
R-E-S-P-E-C-T, the song that put on her on the charts, Aretha Franklin, one of the most influential female artists of all time is the artist that interest me the most. With her vocals a mixture of jazz and rhythm & blues, Aretha gained fame. Her vocals were so good, that it made her to have hit records over five years, which later on in her career, cause her to be inducted into the rock and roll hall of fame. Also giving her the title “The Queen of Soul”. Like most artists today, Franklin got her career started by singing gospel, and from gospel to pop and R&B. Aretha Franklin had many accomplishments in her time, like having 13 million songs sold. Also, “Aretha Franklin did not only symbolized female empowerment in the sound of her records
“What the people want is very simple they want an America as good its promised. “Barbara’s parents were Arlyne and Benjamin she had two older sisters, Bernie and Rose Mary. Barbara was born on February 21, 1936.Barabra was a critized by her parents by not speaking correct English. They urged her to become a music director or a teacher, because they said that was only good for a black women at the time. Her sister did become a music teacher. Barbara Jordan, who is an expert in medicine, however, explained later that she thought about being pharmacist, a scientist. Barbara Jordan remains a remarkable inspiration to America and the world. She left a vision of America as a nation that stands for children, for justice and for freedom. The nation began to come together as one.
Annette funicello was a singer and an actress as well as having multiple sclerosis, she was known for her lead role in Walt Disney Mickey Mouse Club. When she was younger her parents signed her up for dance class, to get over her shyness. She was scouted by Walt Disney himself. In 1955 Funicello was performing the lead role in “Swan Lake.” Walt Disney cast her as the 24th original Mousekeeper. Funicello recorded 15 albums in the late 1950s and late 1960s, which were all a hit. Annette Funicello was the most famous one on the mousekeeper, she got about 8,000 fan letters, all the rest got only about 800. She was in the “Beach Party” movie and her amazing voice just got her everywhere. Some guys even across the world asked if they could marry her, but of course she sent the rings and stuff back.
Octavia Butler demonstrates that being educated is very important for survival then food, shelter, and safety, because an education can give you all of those things. When Lauren had to leave her home she had to depend on herself to survive. She is armed with a lot of information. She knows her city like the back of her hand and most importantly, where water is, and what plants she can eat and not eat. She learned all of this information from reading books from her father’s library. That being said she doesn’t have any access to a larger library, not even the internet, but she is happy for what she has and she uses it wisely. Laurens education also helped her develop a community which can keep each other safe from harm. Unlike the people she
I used to go, every Thursday at 7:30 p.m., to choir rehearsal and, while there I would sing praises to God along with other choir members, It never appealed to anyone to ask about the origin of these songs and how Gospel music came to us. We just sang what we were taught to sing. Well, one day while in choir rehearsal, I decided to ask about the origin of Gospel music. My choir director shouted, “It comes from black folks’ soul.” After he said this, I decided to research more about the origin of Gospel music and found out that African Americans started it and that it is then a music that African Americans feel, experience and sing. When African Americans sing Gospel music, it comes from deep within. It comes from the soul and from experience. It is thus, this experience of Gospel music by African Americans that I will discuss
The organization was founded by Heather Veitch, who worked as a stripper for four years before becoming a Christian and leaving the sex industry in 1999. She founded JC 's Girls on Good Friday in March 2005; it was based at Sandals Church in Riverside, California, with the support of the California Southern Baptist Convention. In January 2006, JC 's Girls went to Las Vegas to operate a booth at the AVN Adult Entertainment Expo that received much traffic and news coverage. By 2008, Veitch had moved to Las Vegas and based the organization at Central Christian Church in nearby Henderson, Nevada. Former stripper and call girl Theresa Scher and social worker Sheri Brown founded the San Diego chapter of JC 's Girls at The Rock Church in 2007. Veitch, Scher, and Brown resigned from JC 's Girls in 2011, 2012, and 2014 respectively, leaving the leadership of the organization to Laura Bonde. As of 2014, the sole chapter of JC 's Girls is in San Diego.