Shirley Chisholm was the first African American woman elected to Congress. She became the first black woman to seek a major party nomination for the U.S. presidency. Chisholm helped place the African American culture in mainstream politics. In 1924, Chisholm spoke at the University of Missouri and emphasized a black woman's role in civil rights and the American culture.
The world has developed in many areas such as in gender, sexual, and racial rights. Shirley Chisholm stands as one of these individuals in history that has paved a path to equality. Her Presidential bid, delivered on January 25, 1972, is one moment cemented in history. This paper will analyze that speech by examining her pathos, logos, and ethos. Pathos is Greek for an appeal of emotion.
The anti-lynching writings therefore enclosed a comprehensive view of the racialized sexual politics of the south; a justification of the black men as true men, a critique of white would-be protectors as just corrupt and exposure of white women as active participants to white supremacy in sexual politics together with re-centering of the black women’s experiences in the incidences of rape, sexualized racism and lynching. She documented unbiased suffering of attacks of lynching and rape on black women and girls. By so doing, she staged a claim of outraged black womanhood that was first articulated by the opponents of slavery though becoming unthinkable under the white supremacists ideology by time the nineteenth century came to an end. She also describes the black women rapes as a piece of black men
The reputation of women is expressed in her speech. She talks about how women are just as powerful as men, women can do the same job that a man can do, women deserve the same job opportunities as men. She appeals to her audience’s emotions by talking about her life and how she grew up with the diversity between blacks and white. She felt the same diversity happening between men and women, and how men were becoming more “powerful” than women. Chisholm used the rhetorical device antithesis in her speech by saying, “The physical characteristics of men and women are not fixed, but cover two wide spans that have a great deal of overlap.”
The seemingly endless battle for civil rights was one fought long and hard and during the 20th century a time of fruition occurred that allowed for concrete and tangible progress though the efforts of many, including key black intellectual revolutionaries. The call to freedom, and the fight for civil liberties to be bestowed upon people of color, who for hundreds of years were perceived as subordinate was happening. Change was fought through self-determination, and a burgeoning of powerful ideologies that laid the foundation for movement to be made. The admirable actions of women have been slighted, as they are almost non-existent in the pages of our history books. The contributions of the civil right movement have many a time excluded the contributions of prominent African American woman who tirelessly fought.
Although some people might argue that Shirley Chisholm does not demonstrate leadership qualities, a closer examination proves that the former congresswoman was a strong leader because of her independence, perseverance,and willingness to take risks.
In the article The Politics of Black Women’s Studies by Akasha Hull and Barbara Smith, Hull and Smith studiously literate the politics and controversy around the fundamentals of black women’s studies in the past and modern day. Furthermore, the ideology of the article falls under the premise that racism and prejudice are still current and prominent factors that affect the development of black women’s studies in the way it is taught in universities, and the role it takes upon the lives of black women.
The essence of the speech relies on Chisholm’s fundamental ability and her own personal
She spread the words by writing a newspaper article talking about the evils of lynching. She then went on to do an anti-lynching campaign telling African Americans about lynching and encouraging them to defend themselves. Of course, she had some backlash from speaking up against white people. In fact, they destroyed her newspaper and told her not to return to Memphis. She like other leaders didn’t let that stop her from completing the task at hand.
Sojourner Truth, formerly known as Isabella Baumfree, was a famous women’s rights activist, most commonly known for her speech in 1851. Taking place in Akron, Ohio, Sojourner stood up in front of the Women’s Convention and delivered an impressive rebuttal to white men’s claim of denying the rights of both women and slaves, all done extemporaneously. The speech not only points out the sexism and racism present during those times, but also the strong hypocrisy between men’s view of how to treat a lady, versus how black women were treated – and of that, the title “Ain’t I a woman?” came to be. Being built around two central issues, the speech focuses on rights for women and rights for slaves. And as black woman, Sojourner has had more than enough
However she offers a springboard to seek out such literature on the African American movement in the North where many of the narratives contend that by focusing on the mainstream leaders in the 1960s south actually diverts from the very different strategies used by African Americans in the North. One of the main highlights of Rogers article is the fact that rather than look upon civil rights being a single, cohesive movement it is “a far more complex process that engages ordinary individuals and not simply a matter of great men and legislation”
Wilma refused, because it was segregated, and the party soon became Clarksville’s first biracial event. (“Wilma Rudolph,” Tennessee History, 2010). If Wilma Rudolph hadn’t had risen courageously over racism and her disease, than people all over the world would have no inspiration and would not have the courage to go on doing amazing