Short Biography: Harriet Beecher Stowe

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Harriet Beecher Stowe was an abolitionist and American author who is said to be a cause of the Civil War. Harriet Elizabeth Beecher was born on June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut. Her father, Lyman Beecher, was born in 1775 into a family generation of blacksmith’s. He became a minister preaching Calvinism who wanted to save souls and reform the nation. Harriet’s mother, Roxanna Foote, was born in 1775 whose grandfather was General Andrew Ward who served in the Revolutionary War. She ran a boardinghouse and taught children there until her sudden death from tuberculosis in September 1816. Harriet was only 5 when she died and didn’t get to know much about her mother. Harriet had 7 other siblings: Catharine, Mary, William, Edward, George, Henry, and Charles. Soon after her mother died, Harriet’s father, Lyman, remarried to Harriet Porter and had 4 children: Frederick, Isabella, Thomas, and James. Harriet began school at Litchfield Female Academy at the age of 8. In the 1800’s, it was unacceptable to for women to have any role in public speaking so only men could do it. Her goal was to impress her father so she took on jobs that her brother’s would normally do to prove she could do it to. At the age of 13, Harriet went to the Hartford Female Seminary…show more content…
In 1850, the Stowe family moved to Maine because Calvin was offered a teaching job at Bowdoin College in Brunswick. At this time, 9 million African Americans were being sent to the United States to work on Southern plantations. The first formal protest against slavery was made in 1688 by the Quakers in Pennsylvania. More and more protests continued to happen and they became more violent. Finally, Edward’s wife, Isabella, wrote to Harriet and said, “Hattie, if I could use a pen as you can, I would write something that would make this whole nation feel what an accursed thing slavery is.” This was a motivation for Harriet to write Uncle Tom’s
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