Phobia is an irrational fear, a type of anxiety disorder in which the individual has an overwhelming and unreasonable fear of a situation, living creature, place or thing. Phobia is one of the most common kind of anxiety disorder. Phobia affect many kind of people across age, social class, nationality, gender, culture, and ethnicity. “The National Institute of Mental Health estimated in 2011 that between 8.7% and 18.1% of Americans of all ages suffer from phobia” (1). Phobia is "an exaggerated usually inexplicable and illogical fear of a particular object, class of objects, or situation"(2).
The Islamic threat is made to seem disproportionately fearsome, lending support to the thesis (which is an interesting parallel to anti-Semitic paranoia) that there is a worldwide conspiracy behind every explosion (Edward 2016). Similar effort is made in Stephen Schwartz’s The Two Faces of Islam: the House of Saud from Tradition to Terror; it is a search for “demons” and a call to slay “dragons”, which only exist in the fantasy of the author. He says: There have always been two Islam, which have coexisted uneasily through the centuries. One is the mainstream, traditional Islam practiced by the vast majority of Muslims and characterized, for the most part, by moderation and tolerance toward other monotheistic religions; the other an extremist and fascist-like creed that has been preaching and often practicing violence in the name of religion (Schwartz
The stereotype goes as far as not helping people, “Recognizing the threat that Islamophobia poses, psychologists are working to make sure Muslim Americans get the help they need. Unfortunately, Muslim Americans face several barriers to treatment, including stigma about mental health and mental health services in Muslim communities.”(Clay). The people of Muslim culture are being put through things that just flat out suck and what’s worse is that they can’t even get proper help because of the same reason they have problems with in the first
Islamophobia. A serious, distressing issue in our world. It is supposedly prejudiced against Islam or Muslims, but is it really? Every terrorist attack caused by any bearded man of colour is known as “Islamic terrorism” but if the attack is caused by a white man, he suddenly becomes “mentally unstable”. Isn’t that injustice towards everyone non-white?
His father named Mohammad Taqi Shariati was a reform minded cleric and lived his life by doing lecture in his own religious hall (Bayat, a: 1990). His father strong advocacy for reforms in Iran had influenced Shariati’s intellectual mind the most. Despite their family including his father being shiites, the conservative Ulama of Iran accused his father as a Sunni Muslim and a Wahhabi (Abrahamian, 1982). Wahabbi the ideologue of Sunni Saudi Arabia, is Iran’s enemy in terms of propagation of religion due to some differences although both are Muslims. The major difference between Sunni and Shi’a is the issue of who succeeds Prophet Muhammad.
Since the official religion of the Safavid Iran was Shi’ism, theologians across the Arab world had travelled to Persia. The presence of various Shia holy places in Iran was also a reason for the frequent flow of the Shias from Lebanon to Iran. Islamic Republic and Lebanon Soon after the Islamic Revolution of Iran, the Iran-Lebanese relations strengthened since Iran had a solid longstanding ideological alliance with the Hezbollah. Since the Lebanese Shias have a history of being marginalised, they were thoroughly inspired by the Islamic Revolution of Iran and identified with it on the basis of various Khomeinist principles. The Lebanese Shias were politically active under the Amal Movement that sought to represent the community more or less within the existing framework of the Lebanese political system, before the creation of
America is said to have a melting pot of cultures brought together from different nationalities obtained from different individuals from across the world. However, as a result of increasing crimes, violence and terrorism, people believe that all blacks are thieves or all Muslims are terrorists. The US does have a problem with xenophobia because they fear that immigrants want to take away their jobs, they discriminate against Muslim and they seek to place more restrictions on immigrants entering the country. Firstly, people fear that immigrants from other countries want to take
Have you ever been hostile towards, feared or distrusted people of other cultures, regions, religions or colour, that is, in all, been belligerent towards people who are foreign? Have you laughed or found humour in the prejudiced or abusive comments passed on foreign people? Well, then you suffer from an uncured and fatal disease-Xenophobia! According to the dictionary definition, Xenophobia is the unreasonable fear or hatred of strangers or foreigners or of that which is strange or foreign. It is a combination of the word ‘xeno’ (foreigner) – which originated in Greece and ‘phobia’ (fear).
Name:Emre Arsan Student ID:20901413 Course:IR 227-2 Issues affecting Turkey’s relation with Germany: “Xenophobia” and German People’s attitude towards Turkish immigrants There are a few instincts that shape individual’s attitudes towards strangers. The meaning of stranger however, is something that changes based on people’s perspective. Strangers are mostly the ones, who are the outsiders person’s family or outside the country. The feeling of patriotism and racism can be listed under these feelings. Xenophobia is a concept that is directly related to this issue.