Short Essay On Kidney Stones

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What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are a condition that both males and females can suffer from, where certain substances that are in your urine form into a solid hard lump within your kidney. Kidney stones are also known as renal calculi. Kidney stones then pass through the bladder and are removed along with the urine and can cause a lot of discomfort.

The formation of kidney stones starts in the renal pelvis. When the urine transfers from the kidneys to the bladder through very narrow tubes known as the ureter, kidney stones can also be taken with it. They are expelled with the urine when an individual urinates. Some stones are so miniscule and tiny that they cause no symptoms at all and some are so large that they can cause great pain and discomfort to the individual who has
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These symptoms include pain that is sometimes excruciating and begins in the lower back directly below the ribs and it travels downward. Men usually feel the most pain when the stone begins to travel through their testicles and penis. When the time finally comes that the stone needs to be passed the urine will usually be difficult to pass with frequent small streams. The urine will sometimes be bloody or darkened and may burn when urine begins to pass through the system. Nausea and vomiting may occur and one may get a fever due to a bacterial infection.

The cause of kidney stones is due to low urine volume and stones are formed. Other reasons are found through hereditary factors. Increased calcium in the urine can form kidney stones. High blood calcium levels that can lead to hypercalciuria and can form stones. Other diseases can cause kidney stones such as Crohn�s disease and irritable bowel disease. A diet with high oxalate can cause stones to form. The most common cause of kidney stones is excessively acidic urine. In some cases it is unknown why a stone forms with some

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