The U.S. should ban plastic bags because they cause litter, they cost too much, and they can damage to marine life and livestock. To begin, one way plastic bags should be banned is because they cause too much litter. For example, the International Coastal Cleanup in California has collected 7,825,319 plastic bags during the past twenty-five years (1). This shows how many bags people waste on an everyday use and how they can end up being harmful. Another reason is, in Fort Worth, Texas 12% of their weight in litter comes from single use bags (2).
There is also deforestation. The clearing of land for agriculture that often leads to water pollution, when soil is stripped of its vegetation it becomes prone to soil erosion, which leads to increase in murkiness of water which causes the block of the gills of fish. Plants at the bottom cannot then photosynthesize as the sun’s rays do not reach them. Increase the disease as bacteria uses soil particles as a method of transportation to the water. Then there is destruction of wetlands.
Letting this garbage into our oceans can cause a number of issues. Some of which include the degradation of marine and natural resources. Oceanic dumping can also cause human health risks. Some things are dumped into the ocean still, but most things are illegal to dump. The vast majority of what gets dumped into the ocean today are sediments, human remains for burial, vessels, man-made ice piers in Antarctica, and fish wastes.
When pollution is dumped into water, fish are likely to ingest the pollutant and people eat the fish in countries with little food regulation, this can cause harmful effects to the humans. Environmental pollution can not only affect humans through wildlife but also through the ecosystem. Pollutants can seep into the ground and kill trees and plants. Plants are humans source of oxygen and when trees are eliminated through deforestation and pollution, humans will have no source of oxygen. Agriculture industrys use an excess of fertilizers on crops and it goes into the ruoff and affects people who live nearby.
Ecosystem effects Oyster hatchery in Grand Isle, Louisiana Clean up efforts have included unprecedented amounts of chemical dispersants, which are used to break up oil slicks. Although detailed effects of the chemical dispersants on wildlife and ecosystems are not well studied, the chemicals used are toxic to a variety of organisms, and they have never been previously used on this wide a scale. Because dispersants break oil up into tiny droplets, marine biologists fear that fish larvae, zooplankton and filter feeders (such as oysters), will be at risk from eating the large quantities of “non-visible” oil. Chemical dispersants are likely to impact deep-water animals downstream of the well. Oil will likely reduce the amount and health of all
Orcas in the wild travel over 100 km, or 62 miles a day, and that is impossible to do in a tank. According to PETA (People For The Ethical Treatment Of Animals), an orca must swim 1,208 laps around the perimeter of the park’s largest tank, to equal the same distance the orca would swim in one day in the ocean. A side effect being in captivity is that the orca’s dorsal fin will collapse. This mostly happens with males though it is not uncommon in females as well. A collapsed dorsal fin is a sign that the orca is sick or unhealthy.
Nowadays, the ocean is also polluted from the trash humans leave behind. Garbage also has an effect on agricultural areas, which can lead to the production of less crops. Other species can be affected by sea levels as well. Animals like shorebirds and sea turtles, which live on the beach, could have their homes flooded by rising shores. This is especially important for endangered species who can’t afford to lose any offspring.
Littering effects everyone and everyone litters, so why do we do it? Littering not only makes the area look dirty, it affects the economy, the wildlife, is a safety hazard, expensive and even wasteful. Litter by definition, consists of waste products that have been disposed of improperly, without consent, in an inappropriate location (Geller, 1975). Nowadays, litter in our surroundings is an important environmental issue, which many people overlook. While majority of people do know that littering is a bad thing, many continue to carelessly scatter their trash around nonetheless.
There is a wide range of threats that have contributed to the decreasing size of the 7 different sea turtle populations. Many threats to sea turtles can be attributed to human. There are threats that humans present to sea turtles at sea. Turtles are subject to adverse interactions with commercial fisheries and habitat pollution, from which turtles may ingest wastes. The inability of sea turtle populations to recover has been partly attributed to their incidental capture in fisheries.