Vibrio Cholera Case Studies

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Cholera

Cholera is an infection of the intestines by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The infection that can cause excessive passing of watery stools (diarrhea), vomiting, and other symptoms, often leading . Cholera can lead to severe dehydration. Dehydration is when you lose more fluids from your body than you take in. This can be life-threatening. If you have cholera, it is very important to get treatment as soon as possible.

CAUSES
This condition is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. You can get infected by:
• • Drinking unclean (contaminated) water.
• • Eating contaminated food.
• • Coming into contact with the stool of an infected person and passing the bacteria from your hands to your mouth.

RISK FACTORS
This condition is more likely to develop in:
• • People who live in or have traveled to
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• Being dizzy.
• Dry and sticky mouth.
• Headache.
• Small amounts of urine, or smaller amounts than normal.
• Being very thirsty.
• Having a fever. In some rare cases, there are no symptoms of this condition.

DIAGNOSIS
DIAGNOSIS This condition may be diagnosed with:
• • A stool culture test. This is a method in which when a stool sample is checked for bacteria under a microscope. It is the “gold standard” of cholera diagnosis.
• • A rapid diagnostic test. This method is suitable for areas of limited laboratory resources. It provides early signs that a cholera outbreak is taking place at a location. When possible, results of a rapid test would still need to be confirmed by a stool culture test.

TREATMENT
This condition is treated with fluids to keep your body hydrated. Depending on how sick you are, you may be given fluids:
• • Through your mouth (oral rehydration therapy).
• • Through an IV tube inserted into one of your veins.
In some cases, you may also be given antibiotic medicine.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONSS


• Take over-the-counter and prescription medicines only as told by your health care

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