The main issue in the Snowden controversy is the conflicting rights of private individuals and the US government with regard to the use of telecommunications and the internet. There are ethical issues surrounding this controversy and the most applicable ethical approach for this case is “Ethics by Rights Approach”. As a background, the reason why US government had declared Edward Snowden a traitor is his involvement in the leaking of about 1.7 million confidential US documents, 15,000 Australian intelligence files and 58,000 British intelligence files from the National Security Agency (or NSA) to the public. These confidential information were acquired by the NSA through the PRISM program by collaborating with big internet companies such
Mills gives the reasoning behind the current governments surveillance laws in place. Then he writes how Edward Snowden exposed the NSA and how the Federal Government was violating privacy laws citizens had in the name of “counterterrorism”. The NSA is attempting to keep their surveillance programs secret and how they have future plans for more surveillance. Mills explains the history and future of surveillance, the informative passage helps by showing certain actions by the NSA and what they have and are willing to
On the internet, there are many articles with different opinions on NSA surveillance, but the ones who believe NSA surveillance is negative have more facts from way more credible sources. One way to solve this is for the NSA to stop spying on American citizens and start to spy on criminals because most citizens have nothing to hide and catching criminals is more important. Maybe if people protest, the NSA would finally understand how illegal their acts are and stop collecting information from innocent people. You would never know if you are texting, your friends or family and a third party was viewing the text messages you sent. Be careful what you say over technology because the NSA could be processing your data as we
Also individuals as well as the government are able to hack into our computers and find out what they want to know. Surveillance cameras are a big deal in today 's world as well, as they spy on the average person as they go about their daily routine. In today 's society cell phones are a big controversy. As it states in the article That 's No Phone. That 's My Tracker, “The
To begin, government surveillance invades citizen’s privacy and breaks the fourth and first Amendment right that they naturally have. The fourth amendment states that a person has the right to be protected from unreasonable searches and seizures while the first amendment exercises freedom of speech and religion (United States Constitution). Government surveillance breaks the fourth amendment by searching people’s internet files and databases without a reason; the first amendment is also broken because people no longer have freedom of speech if the NSA is spying on them and what they say is being monitored. The NSA has been spying on citizens for quite some time now to find out what they have been saying or doing. Charlie Savage, an author and newspaper reporter, states in his article
After the gruesome attacks of 9/11, the United States government passed a legislation called the Patriot Act in attempt to cut down on the terror attacks. This act gives the NSA, or National Security Agency, the ability to oversee our actions. The NSA’s approach to surveilling the population is obtaining the information by tapping into technology, such as phone calls, internet pages and searches, and viewing emails and texts. Thus, controversy has triggered due to the fact that these actions are unconstitutional, and much terrorism that remains. The NSA should be greatly altered because they invade the privacy of Americans, unlawfully goes against the constitution, and we lose our rights.
The article, “The Patriot Act Infringes on International Students ' Privacy Rights” claims that, “Campus police [...] has the right to find out what books we check out of the library, find out what kinds of political convictions we express in our classes and around campus and go to other ridiculous lengths to screen our daily activities” (McCormack), this made people feel unsafe because the campus police are there to keep them safe, not impose on their private activities. But without them doing their jobs, they wouldn’t be able to find out key information about some terrorist attacks. The article also claims that the patriot act targets international students and imposes on their learning. Consequently, they do this because some of the terrorists that took part in 9/11 came into the country with a student visa, so the government has to be more cautious with the international students. Lastly, McCormack states that “This type of legislation threatens our ability to work for change within society and acts to silence voices of dissent” (McCormack).
Citizenship tests became more difficult to pass. President Bush implemented a lot of security screening measures that hoped to ensure the safety of America from terrorists inside and outside of the country. The Department of Homeland Security was also created and the Patriot Act was born. The Patriot Act gives the government the right to monitor phones and other electronic devices to catch possible terrorist acts before they happen. This bill, and later, act, was extremely controversial.
With computer technologies and the internet has connected the world together with the ability to communicate with people in different countries. As a society, we have become very dependent on computers and when the systems go down we cannot function as well, businesses cannot conduct their business. With the internet connecting the world together, it gives concerns for cyber-terrorism and cyber-attacks. Cyberterrorism is when a group attacks a target with intention of causing harm and further political, social, religious, or other goals. Cyber-attacks are attacks on a target system carried about by different people and may not be associated with a terrorist group.
According to Glenn Greenwald and Ewen MacAskill, “Unlike the collection of those call records, this surveillance can include the content of communications and not just the metadata.” Privacy in today’s world has become a thing of the past with advancement of surveillance technology similar to those exploited by the Ministry of Love. Likewise, according to Eugene Samuel, “ But critics of the project are calling for it to be scrapped, saying it allows the US government an unprecedented window on every citizen 's life, and risks causing miscarriages of justice.” Although they claim that the intrusive and deteriorating effect is necessary for protecting the state, giving up personal freedoms for a threat whose existence
The NSA or the National Security Agency carries out most of the domestic surveillance in the United States. Before the 9/11 attacks the NSA needed approval from a court, but after the attacks, they were given free reign to copy any data that possibly linked to terrorist activities. This led to many arguments over whether this collection of data was unconstitutional or not. The extent of this surveillance shocked many people; many civil rights advocates thought that this surveillance breached United States citizens’ rights. Because of the threat of domestic surveillance in the United States it should be decreased drastically but not entirely stopped.
There are people who think it’s a great idea because police and catch criminals easier. In the other hand people think it is invading our privacy. The ACLU believes that the government is invading our privacy and they should not be able to search our phone without a warrant and should not know the location we visit or currently at. The can also get you contacts,
Apple letting the FBI into their system to see terrorist data poses extreme risks, because as soon as Apple has “a back door installed, all kinds of people can walk in” (“Apple vs. The FBI”). Essentially, if the government can invade privacy, untrustworthy people can as well. Most importantly however, there must be limits placed on what the government can do, lest they infringe the basic rights of citizens. How can anybody stand having their data mined without consent?
The Patriot Act and similar amendments passed in countries all over the world increased the demand for services, which redirect your traffic through a proxy server & encrypt it to prevent other internet users and even your ISP from spying on you. All for instance your ISP is able to see is that you established an encrypted connection to a server, nothing more. Using a proxy server is not completely secure, though. To communicate with your desired server providing the website you want to visit, the proxy has to decrypt your traffic and thus the internet provider of the proxy server is able to see the unencrypted data stream. This can be avoided by chaining proxies together or by simply using a service like Tor which redirects your traffic through 3 proxies, so called "nodes".
The “CIA’s primary mission is to collect, analyze, evaluate, and disseminate foreign intelligence to assist the President and senior US government policymakers in making decisions relating to national security… ”(“What We Do” 1). In other words, this means that they are spying on their citizens every move, through their phones, from their credit card bills up to their social media. The agencies are created in order to detect each person’s move and try to prevent any impulsive actions. However, the spying is not an efficient way to prevent crimes, but is a violation of privacy. This is similar to the Party’s actions through the creations of government sanctions which are “The Ministry of Truth- Minitrue, The Ministry of