May says that Scared Straight speaks to a particular complexity compared to other intervention programs (2014). Unlike similar projects, that endeavor to prevent the delinquent from re-offending through other treatments such as therapy, and support from peers/family, Scared Straight tries to pull youths away from becoming a juvenile delinquent by showing them the harsh reality of what it is like to be incarcerated. The delinquent is shown the adult prison and given a tour, in which they receive direct exposure and an experience with convicted felons on a very personal level. The program speculated that these young people will be frightened into living a life with no future criminal activity
In the Article “Kids are kids-until they commit crimes” Published in the Sacramento Bee on March 1, 2001 Marie Lundstorm discusses how kids who are charged as adults, deserve to be sent to a juvenile court because after all they are still kids. Lundstorm argues that, “the bigger the crime, the more eager we are to call them adults.”(5) I agree with Lundstorm, some teenagers who committed an insignificant crime are seen as adults when they should be looked as the teenager that they are. On the other hand, some teenagers never “grow up.” Not everyone is the same, so it is not fair to say that all teenagers have the same mental capability at a certain age because we all mature at different ages. In the Article “Greg Ousley is sorry for killing his parents. Is that good enough.” published on July 19,2012 Scott Anderson explores the story of 19 year old Greg Ousley, who killed his parents and is now reminiscing on the events and is now telling his side of the story.
Our Juvenile Justice System is broken. We live in a society that should be concerned with the way it manages teenagers who are deviant. Today, our juveniles are viewed as individuals to be feared rather than rehabilitated. Rarely are issues with juvenile crime and punishment treated under the rehabilitative philosophical basis parens patriae, instead youths are sentenced in juvenile facilities or even adult prisons for status offenses. They are placed in a community with expert criminals, and as a result, continue the lifelong journey of crime.
Myers. Talks about how it would be if we decided to sentence juveniles as adults: “sending youthful offenders to adult facilities increases the probability of re-offending since impressionable youths may be further corrupted through interactions with more experienced criminals.” (Free Online Library.). Another book Rethinking Juvenile Justice by Elizabeth S. Scott. Explains to us the importance of the juvenile justice system “The subject of juvenile justice breeds extreme responses. The academic sensibility is extremely lenient, seeing misguided kids who need understanding and help more than punishment”.
Juvenile Courts were first established in Cook County, Illinois in 1899. Prior to 1899, minors above the age of seven were forced to trial in a regular criminal court. After the first court had been established many more were to be followed, soon to form a juvenile Justice System. Following the rapid growth in juvenile court, courts began to evolve into a vastly different system than the other systems The Juvenile Justice System is different in a way that most systems cannot compete with because they look to better help the minor by placing the minor in the most reasonable and best situation for himher. In some situations today, minors are to be tried in a criminal court if the offense is serious enough.
Although the actions of the students of the Sayreville hazing incident suggests that they thought and acted as adults, this incident of their high school careers should not be used to ruin their future in colleges and life. As most of the students who were involved in the hazing were minors, they could be tried in a juvenile court and have their records closed. According to the New York Times ‘s article on the matter, it stated “A conviction in adult court results in a criminal record, and generally, longer prison terms” (DOYNE). If the students were tried as adults, they could be faced with longer prison sentences and have a criminal record. But whether they are tried as adults or juveniles, teenagers convicted of sex crimes are required to register as sex offenders for at least 15 years (Michon).
Though the system will maintain rehab as a primary goal, it distinguishes itself from the criminal justice. With a number of exceptions, in most states delinquency is outlined because the commission of a criminal act by a baby World Health Organization was underneath the age of eighteen at the time; most states conjointly enable youth to stay underneath the oversight of the court till age twenty one. In part of jail, court judges draw from a spread of legal choices to satisfy each the protection wants of the general public and therefore the treatment wants of the youth. When the juvenile 's case gets to court, the case is adjudicated, and a disposition is handed down. Records from juvenile courts are sealed documents, in contrast to adult records that are accessible by anyone underneath the liberty of data Act.
The juvenile justice system in America has seen many trends in the incarceration of youth. Initially, the system was created to help children who were left abandoned, neglected or abused. However, with the demands of stronger juvenile laws, the correctional facilities have become more of a prison, than of a rehabilitation center. Unlike the adult justice system, the arrested minors often go through a series of steps such as intake, determination of jurisdiction, adjudication and disposition. Today, with the rise of juvenile crimes, more than a million minors are set into the juvenile justice system for even the smallest of crimes.
Precisely who does the law describes as a victim that is permitted to a certain right is defined by the federal, state, or tribunal code. In some jurisdictions, basic rights are afforded only to victims of felonies, while in others, victims of any non-violent crime, whether felony or misdemeanor, may enjoy such rights. Many jurisdictions also provide rights to victims of serious juvenile offenses (Office of Justice
During this time the minimum age was brought up to 12, from the previous set limit of 7. In the YOA it was believed that children deserved their rights and freedoms like any other adult, and that the best way to deal with these offenders was focused on social/community solutions. It also deterred away from charging young juvenile with strong adult sentences. Unlike the YCJA where the limit for serious cases be treated like adult cases is at the age of fourteen, the YOA had the limit at sixteen/seventeen. In my opinion this was the most lenient act of