In the article, “Greg Ousley Is Sorry for Killing Parents. Is That Enough?” Scott Anderson exemplifies that juveniles may be living in a toxic home environment, which leads to potential murder. In “Juveniles Don’t Deserve Life Sentence,” Garinger speaks about juveniles that are mistreated and were subject to life without parole sentences. Lastly, the article that also justifies that juvenile justice is solidified would be, “Report: Juvenile justice system schools “do more harm than good,” Frey argues that the juvenile system may be harmful, in that some juveniles suffer from disabilities and behavioral issues. Based on strong textual evidence and corresponding research it is clear that mandatory life sentence for juveniles who commit murder is unfair because juveniles are immature, cannot remove themselves from a toxic home environment, and is
DANIEL COLON CJA 301 MODULE 2 CASE TRIDENT UNIVERSITY The Miranda rights have been established to provide suspected criminals their rights upon being arrested. By being read these rights, the criminals know what they are entitled to, such as the right to remain silent and to obtaining an attorney (Prentzas, 2005). However, in recent years many terrorist suspects have not been read these rights and it has come to the point that many people, lawmakers and officials believe that they should not be entitled to the rights that are drawn out in the Miranda warnings. As these terrorist suspects are innocent until proven guilty, are no different than any other criminals, and have the Fifth and Sixth Amendments backing them up, they should be guaranteed the rights given by the Miranda warnings. The Miranda rights are essentially police warnings given to criminal suspects in custody and at times, before arrest, in the United States of America.
Therefore our two choices are to release the prisoners, or overcrowd them into jail. The best choice for us is to release the prisoners to save our nation from tumbling into a massive hole. First of all, there are prisoners that should not be behind bars. I’m talking about those who committed an unacceptable act, but are not involved in any violent activities. Those who executed a violent act, most wanted, or dangerous, deserves a spot in jail.
However, crimes are committed whilst in prison, such as drugs and assaults. Some critics say the ‘three strikes and you are out’ law where repeat offenders get a longer sentence are wrong, as the third strike could be a lesser crime such as public disorder. Nevertheless, if just incapacitation and no rehabilitation some critics say will be costlier to society as they will go out and reoffend and, they are not employed and pay taxes. Rehabilitation is also a punishment which should improve the offender's behaviour and stop them committing crimes. Advocates of rehabilitation state prison does not work; however, critics of rehabilitation state prison does work as the criminal cannot commit a crime against the public while incarcerated (Cavadino, 2007 p 36/56).
The view many are accepted to use prisons to indicate that certain forms of behavior will not be tolerated, and to protect them from those who refuse to play by the rules, has become a policy position that dares not speak its name. This has been put unchallenged over and over again as a paradoxical illustration of how the size of a prison reflects the level crime, not the victimhood of society. Incarceration is an effective program in regards to the regulation of crime rates due to a portrayal of how Tyrone Hoard presented the society the insufficiency of diversion programs as followed by statistical graphs and its persistence in criminal offering. A widespread use of incarceration manages the increase of crime rates, whereas alternatives in which the government has invested in this cognitive behavioral therapy is spineless. Tyrone Howard, who was a criminal given numerous opportunities for diversion programs rather than jailed due to drug charges, allegedly murdered New York Police Officer Randolph Holder.
is likely that ex-offenders might relapse to criminal behaviorand return back to prison due to the difficulty and stress in managing a different yet normal life (Wikoff, Linhorst&Morani, 2012). This relapse to criminal behavior or reoffending after the offender receives necessary sanction or undergoes intervention for the previous crime is coined as recidivism (Maltz, 2001). Maltz (2001) also contends that recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice. It results from psychological, social and economic consequences of the offence for the incarcerated individual (Rujjavanet, 2013). Existing studies on recidivism (New York Council of State Governments Justice Center, 2014; Maltz, 2001; Taylor, 2012) have consistently noted that unsuccessful reintegration and recidivism have been alarming problems confronting these correctional facilities.It has been established that one of the primary issues in the correctional services field is the reintegration of ex-prisoners (Shinkfield&Graffam, 2009).
When these kids fall into a life of crime and violence they know the risk and the punishments. The states and psychiatrist want to be able to rehabilitate these kids. “Sadly, many states have ignored the crisis and dysfunction that creates child delinquency and instead have subjected kids to further victimization and abuse in the adult criminal justice system.” This is what the court system wants and this is what I agree
Thomson’s article “Startling Finds on Teenage Brains” allows readers to understand that unlike adults, juveniles undergo biological changes which increases the likelihood of them committing crimes. Compounding this evidence with society’s infatuation with violence as depicted in Jenkin’s article “On the Punishment of Teen Killers”, readers can begin to acknowledge that contrary to adults, juveniles who commit heinous crimes are not in complete control of their actions. Furthermore, as a society we should no longer stand to sentence juveniles to life without parole because juveniles are still “malleable”, able to be reformed which is made evident in Garinger article “ Juveniles Don’t Deserve Life Sentences”. As informed members of society we have to be bridge builders, who are capable of crossing between the adult and adolescent world. It is only through these bridges that we are able to rescue kids from themselves.
When policy and claimsmakers label crimes as social problems, they do not always account for all representations of crime. They neglect to realize that crime is a reality that filters through a series of human decisions running the full scale of the criminal justice system (Silver 265). Jeffery Reiman states within “A Crime by Any Other Name” that, “although there is a wide range of behaviors that the law defines as criminal, people tend to view crime as involving only certain kinds of acts committed by particular populations of individuals”. For example, the rhetoric presented within the War on Terror in the United States lead to moral panic which exaggerated and distorted perceived deviant behavior (Silver 330). Similarly, the rhetoric presented
Obviously, the worst thing that you can do on probation or parole is to be convicted of a new offense, and accordingly, your punishment will usually be more harsh for new criminal offenses than for technical violations. Technical violations of probation or parole entail violating the rules of probation, without actually being charged with a new criminal offense. Some of these rules are not crimes at all, while others are in a grey area. Common technical violations include 1) failure to report for probation appointments, 2) testing positive for illegal or non-prescribed drugs, 3) consuming or possessing alcohol, 4) changing residence without prior approval from Probation, 5) failure to maintain employment or stay in school without a valid explanation, 6) failure to attend drug and alcohol treatment, and 7) failure to make payments towards fines and court costs. A lot of times, probation officers will overlook a few technical violations, but when they continue to accumulate, the probation officer has no choice but to inform the Parole Board and file a violation
Therefore, once a despicable act has been committed by a child he or she becomes labeled as a violent criminal. This concept is known as the superpredator; that violent youths criminals, mini adults who should be doing the adult time for committing adult crimes (Bourgeois 150). This lead to the common idea that violent children are no exception to the law and should actually be detained as soon as possible to prevent further crimes. Since this term was brought into use it has proven to be widely inaccurate as there exists no evidence that young children involved in violent crimes became more frequent or more violent than their counterparts. The idea of superpredators thoroughly criminalizes children who have committed heinous acts because the children become defined by their crime leading many to believe that no matter the age,
While mental health caregivers used ICD’s and DSM’s to diagnose a patient, the criminal justice system also uses the DSM’s as a legal basis for sentencing and committing sexually motivated criminals to psychiatric care. An article written by Frances and First reported that the paraphilia section of DSM-4 was vastly misinterpreted, specifically referring to the forensic evaluations of sexually violent predators, leading to “inappropriate medicalization of criminal behavior to serve a practical public safety purpose”"and it had “been manipulated heavily to favor the legal