Sickle Cell Anaemia Case Study Biology

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has a slight higher affinity for oxygen than haemoglobin, especially at lower layers. This is because myoglobin has an easier job in that it only needs to store oxygen and release it for the muscles, while haemoglobin also has to transport the oxygen and release it in the correct areas.

Haemoglobin is formed in the body by DNA just like all the other proteins. Alterations or mutations to haemoglobin causes many blood related diseases such as sickle-cell anaemia. Where the cell structure is coloured and can no longer hold as much oxygen in the right way as a normal blood cell. This highlights the underlying ideal in structural biochemistry in the structure influences function. The sickle cell anaemia case is exceedingly interesting because it shows how and why disease develop. The gene for sickle cell anaemia also provides protection against malaria. Therefore, in countries where malaria presented problems, there was a higher than average amount of individual carrying the sickle cell anaemia gene. The heterozygous state is best because it does not all sickle cell anaemia to develop while still prevent malaria. Whereas, the homozygous states would bring on individuals either struck with sickle cell anaemia or malaria. This why in malaria ridden areas, at that place is a higher than average
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If an equal supply of oxygen is not spread throughout the body to vital organs and tissues, brain damage, organ failure and death can ensue. Hemoglobin the iron-containing respiratory protein in red blood cells, is responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the remainder of the torso. Hemoglobin levels indicate the blood 's ability to transport oxygen and iron. Too little iron interferes with vital functions and lead to morbidity and fatality rate. Normal haemoglobin levels differ between males and females. A low haemoglobin level is called anaemia, which can suggest a sort of severe medical

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