K&U5- Diagnosis of malaria Early and accurate detection of malaria is required to make sure that the patient is treated in time and also to prevent further spread of infection within the neighbourhood through local mosquitoes. If diagnosis and treatment is delayed, it may increase the chance of death of the patient, therefore malaria should be treated as a possible medical emergency and health practitioners should know how to diagnose and treat malaria instantly. A health practitioner should know what the signs and symptoms are of a patient infected with malaria. By knowing the signs and symptoms, the health practitioners would be able to follow up with tests to produce the necessary results which show for certain whether the patient has malaria.
The TB treatments such as drugs stop the spread of TB germs, but the treatments have dangerous side effects, which are permanent. For example, the patient loses the normal color of the skin, so the patents have a jaundice appearance. Moreover, a loss of appetite is another serious effect of the
One of the most common complications of the flu is a bacterial infection. Sporadically, this can become serious and progress into pneumonia. A bacterial infection can be treated by a round of antibiotics but can occasionally become life-threatening, particularly in the frail and elderly. However, because some bacterial infections can produce signs and symptoms similar to influenza, bacterial infections should be considered and appropriately treated, if suspected. In addition, bacterial co-infection can occur as a complication of influenza.
Introduction Role of fHbp in the immune evasion of N. meningitidis Tom Lotze Neisseria meningitides or meningococcus is well known for causing severe diseases such as meningitis and septic shock as a result of infection, both of which are highly mortal (Seib et al. 2009). Despite these serious consequences, N. meningitidis is part of the normal flora of the nasopharynx of 40% of adults worldwide, and the infection usually goes by asymptomatically (Schneider et al. 2007; Haralambous et al. 2006).
Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis) Overview- Coccidioidomycosis, or valley fever is a fungal infection caused by Coccidioides immitis spores. Mild cases of this condition are not common and treatment is not generally necessary. However, this disease is often misdiagnosed, due to the fact that you experience only mild or moderate symptoms, and these symptoms often takes 20 years to present. The most severe cases of Coccidioidomycosis causing the infection to spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream, and people with compromised immune systems are at greatest risk. -causa The fungi that cause valley fever - Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides Posadas - thrive in arid soils of the south of the desert of Arizona, Nevada, northern
X-Ray changes the characteristics of active TB. The main disadvantage of using X-Ray frequently is the radiation used in X-Ray sometimes damage the body cells, DNA structure which leads to cancer. Figure 3 shows the X-Ray images of the chest, where lung is affected by TB. In Figure 3, two arrows are
There's five different mutations of the Ebola virus: Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, Taï Forest Ebola, Ebola Reston, and Bundibugyo Virus (“Ebola” 1). With so many different symptoms, which require a different attack. The Ebola virus is complex, making it even harder to fight. Ebola has intense symptoms, High fatality rates and no cure. “In humans, certain Ebola viruses can cause fatality in 50 to 90 percent of cases” (“Ebola” 1).
Clinical symptoms: a) Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever: It is considered to be among the most severe of human infectious diseases, with a mortality rate of 20 to 25% unless it is treated with a suitable antibiotic. Naturally, the rickettsia is maintained by the transmission of infected female ticks to infected ova which afterwards hatch into infected larval offspring. When the ticks feed on small mammals with rickettsia in their blood, a low rate of acquisition of rickettsia occurs by uninfected ticks. This effect leads to the destruction of lines of infected
Magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI) is used to confirm or rule out brain or brain stem involvement.  Clinical symptoms; Symptoms include diarrhea, fever (high temperature), nausea, vomiting and flu-like symptoms. listeriosis is a serious disease in humans; the overt for of the disease has a case fatality rate around 20%. The two main clinical manifestations of the disease are sepsis and meningitis. In the case of meningitis, it is commonly complicated by encephalitis, when it is known as meningoencephalitis, a pathology that is unusual for bacterial infections.
The varicella vaccine is known to cause the serious side effects in humans with immunodeficiencies, these side effects include infection after vaccination, pneumonia, encephalitis, and meningitis (Mercola, 2011). Equally important, the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine may cause seizures and short term joint