The first one is the fact that people cannot be think as separate from their relationships. Since relationships are one of the core factors in our life, it would be inevitable to be effected by them in different ways. The way we chose to deal with these relationships may be maladaptive and we need to learn a better way of dealing. PIT enables the therapist and patient to work on the present feelings and thoughts, which may arise in current therapeutic relationship. Even if these feelings and thoughts appears in the therapy sessions, they are also patterns of thinking and feeling in real life settings.
Multimodal therapy is a systematic and comprehensive psychotherapeutic approach developed by Arnold Lazarus, a Clinical psychologist. While respecting the assumption that clinical practice should adhere firmly to the principles, procedures, and findings of psychology as an experimental science, the multimodal orientation transcends the behavioral tradition by adding unique assessment procedures and by dealing in great depth and detail with sensory, imagery, cognitive, and interpersonal factors and their interactive effects. A basic premise is that patients are usually troubled by a multitude of specific problems that should be dealt with by a broad range of specific methods (Corsini, R.J. & Wedding, D.,
Chiefly clinical psychology is used treat mentalaiments such as ADHD, anxiety, eating disorders, depression, or autism. Not only do professionals help those in need, but they help the caretakers by teaching them to care for their loved ones. Notably, the most common types of issues are emotional, behavioral, and mental ailments. Granted, the usefulness of the knowledge about mental health now is great, it has been obtained by vigorous tests and research. Processes most commonly used by clinical psychologist are various tests, written expressions of emotions, and genetic sampling and study.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is a time sensitive, structured. Present oriented psychotherapy directed toward solving problems and teaching clients skills to modify dysfunctional thinking and behavior. CBT is based on 5 key areas (or elements) which strongly influence each other and give rise to patterns of thought, behavior and emotions. In all cases of psychological distress there will be the patterns of thought, feelings and behavior that maintain and exacerbate difficulties and distress. Sometimes clients will recognize some of these patterns, but more commonly they are not fully aware of the ones that maintain their difficulties.
And Psychoanalytic Theory is a framework for understanding the impact of the unconscious on thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Freud emphasizes the lasting impact of early childhood events and adult personality development. And Freud believed that the mind is made of two parts- the conscious mind and the unconscious mind- and that the unconscious mind often prompts people to make certain decisions even if they don’t recognize it on a conscious level. Complementing the topographical model, Freud proposed a structural model of the mind that the mind includes three parts: id, ego, and superego. The id is unconscious and active at birth, and encompasses all of the instinctual and bodily wishes.
The goal is to train participants to develop skills for reducing the suicidal thoughts and attempt and hence self-managed emotions and behavior in a wide variety of situations (Barnicot, Gonzalez, Mccabe & Priebe, 2016). The DBT process is broken down into four different stages for dealing with the self-destructive behavior, quality-of-life skills, self-esteem and relationship connection respectively. It comprises of four comprehensive components, including skill-based training, individual psychotherapy, telephone calls and team consultation (Soler et al., 2009). During the treatment, clients are required to fill in the self-observation list which records of their parasuicide behavior daily and discussed with therapist weekly (van Goethem, Mulders, de Jong, Arntz & Egger,
Sigmund Freud believes that our behavior is motivated by the unconscious which is part of our personality that contains our memories, knowledge, beliefs, and feelings. Freud’s most important idea was the human personality has more than one attitude, he believes our soul and personality are divided into three parts, the id, the ego, and the super ego. The id is the basic component of personality,
Everything are under our own controls. Therefore, when things goes wrong in reality, our fantasy world can help us to escape form it. Although we hope to use the fantasy to escape from reality, to certain extent element in reality shown in fantasy. When we try to escape from it, some part of the fantasy can be related to the reality. Because it is the reality force us to create that fantasy.
The founder of psychoanalysis in Sigmund freud (1856-1939).to understand human behaviour psychoanalysis is a system of treatment that has given rise to discoveries and controversies that are actively with us today. It is a method of examining psychic phenomena and treating mental and emotional disorders that is based on the concepts and theories of Sigmund Freud, that highlights the importance of free association and dream analysis, and that involves treatment sessions during which the patient is encouraged to talk freely about personal experiences and especially about early childhood and dreams. The unconscious mind is made up of several, memories, feelings and urges that are external from our conscious mind The contents of the unconscious are generally unacceptable or unpleasant. Such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict. According to freud,1923,p.15.