Sigmund Freud was known as the father of modern psychology and the development of psychoanalysis. Freud develops a theory of the human mind and their behaviors. Sigmund Freud develops a psychodynamics theory, which consists of the personality and the Id, the ego, and the superego. Psychodynamics theory was a way of explaining how humans mind works and their desires. Also, the psychodynamic theories develop during childhood experience and shape personality.
During the phallic stage, children feel unconscious sexual desire for the opposite-sex parent. The same-sex parent now becomes the competitor. Once in this triangle, children sense that the same-sex parent will not bow out, gracefully or otherwise. They begin to fear that the same-sex parent will retaliate against them. Freud termed it as Oedipus complex i.e.
(boundless) 2. Anal stage: This stage occurs at the age of one to three years. Toddlers and preschool-aged children start to experiment with urine and feces in this stage of psychosexual development. Toilet-training manifests the control they learn to exert over their bodily functions. Inappropriate resolution of this
Firstly we will be focusing on Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. He believes that the first stage of development plays out during the first year of life. This is based on the notion that as an infant grows, he/she will either develop a sense of mistrust or trust of individuals depending upon whether his/her needs for teething, food, comfort, and sleeping are met (Erikson, 1993: 33-41). He suggests that during this stage, an individual will not only gain a 'syntonic' or positive outcome in varying levels of 'trust' but will also obtain other essential virtues of " drive and hope " (Erikson, 1993: 33-41). However, we also have the "dystonic" outcome (mistrust), which a child can develop if the caregiver lacks the ability or resources to provide these basic needs (Erikson, 1993: 33-41).If a child develops too much ‘mistrust’ or ‘trust’ a maladaptation can occur which may lead to withdrawal or sensory distortion (Erikson, 1993:
Parents can approach kids with toilet training with patience and in a more positive way. If they didn’t overcome this stage then they won’t develop a sense of accomplishment and independence. Phallic Stage (3 - 6 yrs) In this stage the children main focus is in the genitals and masturbation. Children become aware of the sex differences and due to this identification they face mixed emotion. In this stage they have some misunderstanding regarding their parents.
And Psychoanalytic Theory is a framework for understanding the impact of the unconscious on thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Freud emphasizes the lasting impact of early childhood events and adult personality development. And Freud believed that the mind is made of two parts- the conscious mind and the unconscious mind- and that the unconscious mind often prompts people to make certain decisions even if they don’t recognize it on a conscious level. Complementing the topographical model, Freud proposed a structural model of the mind that the mind includes three parts: id, ego, and superego. The id is unconscious and active at birth, and encompasses all of the instinctual and bodily wishes.
The psychosexual development theory is based on the idea that parents play a critical role in the development of the child in terms of managing their sexual and aggressive drives. It is how these drives are managed and attended to that will determine later on personality. Different parts of the personality is developed as we progress through the different stages of psychosexual development. Sexuality is of importance to Freud’s theory as personality is described as the id, the ego, and the superego. These 3 components of personality are explained through the use of sexuality as the primary source and
Sigmund Freud (1982) also known as the “Father of Psychoanalysis” claimed that the mother-child connection is an unconscious bond between the infant and the primary caregiver which becomes the dominant force for a pattern of behaviors throughout the infant’s entire lifespan. However, John Bowlby, a British psychologist, psychiatrist and psychoanalyst developed Freud’s claim further and introduced the attachment theory. According to the US National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health “Attachment is one specific aspect of the relationship between a child and a parent with its purpose being to make a child safe, secure and protected. Attachment is distinguished from other aspects of parenting, such as disciplining, entertaining and
To Bowlby this is a biological based behaviour and a considered choice. As attachment in early childhood is an introduction into how relationship work and react. It makes sense take people bring that learnt behaviour forward with them in life. Just like early childhood more than one attached relationship. Ainsworth (1991) expresses an interesting component regarding adult attached relationship, the concept that a secure base is applied to intimate adult relationship.
The psychosocial experience that develops because of this sexual desire is termed different for boys and girls. For boys it is called Oedipus complex and for girls it is called Electra complex • Oedipus complex - Put in simpler words, it is the son-father competition for possession of mother. • Electra complex –