Bowlby suspected that the earliest relationships formed by children and their primary parent or care giver, have huge impacts on the child’s later life. From this, Bowlby developed the attachment theory. The attachment theory referred to a
Cognitive development refers to the age-related changes that occur in mental activities such as paying attention, learning, thinking and recollecting (Cole & Cole, 2001). Cognitive abilities take from birth to young adulthood and then are maintained or decreased as a result of age, depending on specific abilities (Craik and Bialystok, 2006). Adolescents who are more advanced in the development of abstract reasoning and information-processing skills seem to be more likely to reach James Marcia’s status of identity achievement. Therefore, parenting plays an essential role. Strong parent-child attachment bonds not only provide adolescents with support, but also with a secure base of freedom to explore.
Application of Developmental Theories in the Classroom As a leading teacher for secondary students I deal with issues relating to students aged 14 to 16. The next section of this essay will focus on how I can incorporate the four major development theories with my students and their issues. Freud’s Theory As I deal with students in the Genital stage of Freud’s theory, I believe I need to be more sensitive and careful as these students are going through a lot of crises and confusion. As teachers we should explain the changes they are going through. These would include physical, emotional and sexual or hormonal changes.
According to Erikson, This is the stage where a child has to learn the roles he will occupy as an adult and it is during this stage that an adolescent will re-examine his or her identity and try to find out exactly who he or she is. Failure to establish an identity leads to role confusion or an identity crisis. (McLeod 2003) As a result of an identity crisis, an adolescent would explore many interest and possibilities and generally would be accepting of new ideas. I feel this relates to my situation as I do not feel as if I have a solid identity and still have a lot of possibilities and endeavors to discover before committing myself to one single solid identity to identify with. This relates with James Marcia’s
For children it is often the first time they may have been away from their home environment and is the first step towards independence. Research points to the fact that, just like adults, children find transition and change stressful and that this stress can have a significant impact upon their emotional well being and academic achievements. The EYFS materials identify key points for early years settings which help to ensure that children who are settling in to a new environment do
Freud 's psychosexual theory of development. Sigmund Freud was a Viennese physician who developed his psychosexual theory of development. His theory is based on the idea that parents play a critical role in managing their children 's sexual and aggressive drives during the first few years of life in order to nurture their proper development. As his structural model suggests that id, the ego, and the superego are three interworking parts which consists in personality. According to Freud’s theory, the stages of psychosexual development must be successfully met for proper development.
For as long as I can remember, I have possessed a desire to help people, especially those who are less fortunate than me. This trait along with life experiences are what drew me to want to pursue a career in social work. I want to be available to provide support to people when they have nowhere else to turn. My experiences in social work have taught me to celebrate the small victories just as much as the big. I look forward to gaining skills and knowledge that will assist me with becoming a successful social worker.
At each stage of the life cycle, there is a crucial timing for the psychological development. There will be a psychosocial crisis at each stage, and when each crisis was successfully resolved, a personality development was achieved. His theory emphasizes the importance of self and the social aspects of human development and is called the psychosocial development theory that explained that the development of human personality focuses on social relations with others and develops by acquiring attitudes and skills to become an active contributor to society. Although, he presented total of 8 stages, I will be focusing on 2 stages: ‘toddlers’ and ‘preschoolers’. Toddlers The striking physical changes seen in the “toddler” stage is that the children can walk, talk and control.
It is where the basis or foundation of the students’ life-long learnings and understandings are laid. As reported by Konnikova (2013), Hilary Levey Friedman had said, “Early investment of time and skill development(Underscoring added) appears to have a more lasting impact.” K+12 thus makes a robust early childhood education developing and preparing students. Second is the introduction of concepts and ideas and application to common and day-to-day to lives in order for students to have a more understandable and relatable perception. Students are also provided with discussions on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Information & Communication Technology (ICT) thus making them relevant learners themselves. The use of the mother tongue is also a feature of K+12 introducing twelve of the local languages.
As we develop, we gain or lose self esteem depending on certain factors that affect us. In fact self esteem is an essential part of our lives that help build a solid foundation with coping in life. Unfortunately, our culture tends to shape our self from a very early age, whether are aware of it or not. During the time children start school, children are exposed to a whole new environment during this time in their development. In fact, school and education can affect a child's self esteem.