Sigmund Freud And Erikson's Psychosocial Theory Of Development

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Compare and contrast Sigmund Freud 's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson 's psychosocial theory of development. Introduction The stages of human development have been a discussing issue among the educators, psychologists and philosophers. There are numerous developmental theories regarding the growth and development of an individual. The two well-known theories are Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory. Both the theories are correlated with slight differences. They both believed that human development occurs in a series of stages. Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory is discussed more about sex. Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory is based on the social experiences. Erikson’s psychosocial stages Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development has 8 stages. Same like Freud Erikson also believed that crisis happen at each stage. According to Erikson these changes happen due to the philosophical needs of an individual struggle with the needs of the society. Therefore he named the stages as psychosocial crises. Furthermore he has mentioned in his theory, the result of completing each stage successfully, also the result of failure to complete a stage successfully. Erikson’s developmental stages are from infancy to maturity. The eight stages of Erikson’s developmental theories are: 1. Trust vs. mistrust, 2. Autonomy vs. shame, 3. Initiative vs. guilt, 4. Industry vs. inferiority, 5. Identity vs. confusion, 6. Intimacy vs.
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