Sigmund Freud And Erikson's Theory Of Social Work

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Theories of youth work were still one of the less developed fields of social work. Commonwealth defined youth work as development and ensuring of young people to fulfill their potential and become assets to their societies (McKechnie, 2017:29 ). In India, the involvement of social workers and sociologist researcher on youth is quite recent. It was only from the mid-seventies that there was a significant output of literature on youth (Rosenmayr, 1979). In recent decades, youth studies became emerging issues among the academician, policymakers, but still in the process of developing an appropriate theory on youth deviance, social problems, sub-culture, the generation gap and social construction. The following are some of the theories relating to young people: Theory of Psychosocial development Erik Erikson’s theory of psychological development was influenced by Sigmund Freud (Erikson, 1968). Erikson too believed that personality develops in a series of stages. This theory describes the impact of social experiences across the whole lifespan. Erikson had developed eight stages of psychosocial development such as infancy (birth to 18 months), toddler (18 months to 3 years), preschooler (3 to 5 years), school age child (6 – 12 years), adolescent 13 – 19 years), young adult (20 – 39 years), middle-aged adult (40 – 55 years), late adult (55 – 65 to death). The key ideas of Erikson 's theory were that at every stage of life individual faces a conflict if trust remains unresolved
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