Theories, Key Concepts, Principles, and Assumptions Two theories that will be discussed in this paper is Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development and John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment. Erikson’s theory is considered psychosocial, emphasizing the importance of social and cultural factors within a lifespan, from infancy to later adulthood. Erikson’s theory is broken down into eight consecutive age-defined stages. During each stage, a person experiences a psychosocial crisis that contributes to their personality development. Erikson was highly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory of Development.
Beck (2012), explain what separates psychodynamic theory from other theories and is unique and exclusive, is the concept of unconscious. Psychodynamic theories emphasize the importance of our unconscious mental life. In psychodynamic theory, emotions are data about the inner mental life, and it is in that perspective as the informants from the unconscious that emotions must be understood. Psychodynamics is a collective term for all the models and descriptions of the psyche that are primarily preoccupied with unconscious processes. Psychodynamic theory includes theoretical sub-disciplines about personality, development, groups, including social psychology, leadership, role, organization, and about phenomena such as resistance and relations.
This theory stresses that early experiences with parents shape one’s development. Freud is best known for his psychoanalytic theory. Freud believed that sexual motivation was behind development, so his 5 stages of development are known as psychosexual stages. Erikson believed that there were 8 stages of development as we go through life. According to Freud, the primary motivation for human behavior is sexual in nature and our basic personality is shaped in the first five years of life.
They can represent Freud’s psychology consisting of the Id, the Ego, and the Superego. Thus, each one contains the three aspects of the mind, but excel in a specific one. Although the tale of Beowulf was structured before this Freudian theory existed, we can explain many past events and behaviors with it and learn more about society at any
I say this because some people are born to be the way they are but at the same time this could be changed by many aspects of a person’s life. Sigmund Freud- Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud was in the center of the debate he was getting more knowledge about nurture but he was also giving some credibility to nature. Although Freud was at the center of the debate through nurturing he showed us how this theory truly does work with a person and how it makes us who we are. This was after years of research and study in psychoanalysis. Throughout the theory Freud mentions how there are parts of us psyche come together and make up our perception and our unconscious.
Erickson developed the first true life-span theory of human development which breaks down the processes of development into 8 stages. Erickson was an artist and teacher that was influenced by Freud. His attention then became entirely focused on children and the development of them. Ericksons psychosocial theory has had an impact on the developmental process because it covers the development on the whole life-span. According to Erickson (1950) psychological development results from the interaction between maturational processes or biological needs and the societal demands and social forces encountered in everyday life.
Taq four. Psychoanalytic theory(Freud) Psychosocial development theory Learning theory( Harlow and Harlow 1969) Erikson Kohlberg What does the theorist mean by the term social development? Freud argued human behaviuor was the result of the interaction of the three component parts of the mind the id, ego and superego based on his patients who came to him regarding their symptoms and to describe exactly what was in their mind (Boundless, 2014). Erikson believed personality develops in a series of stages with impact of social experiences and conflict across the whole life span through his research with his wife at experimental school for American students. (Cherry, 2014).
Psycho describes the mind. The mind can be divided into two parts the unconscious and conscious. Ample of theories are used to finding out the unconscious mind, which many are unaware of. Psychoanalysis is used to treat psychological problems and enhance many lives. There are plenty of key concepts in psychoanalytic therapy.
He describes this development in a series of five fixed psychosexual stages. In each stage, the child’s energy or libido is focused on a different parts of the body, also known as an erogenous zone. The five development stages are Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency and Genital. The first stage being the Oral stage (birth to 18 months), main focus is its gratification. For example, sucking and eating.
Compare and contrast Sigmund Freud 's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson 's psychosocial theory of development. Introduction The stages of human development have been a discussing issue among the educators, psychologists and philosophers. There are numerous developmental theories regarding the growth and development of an individual. The two well-known theories are Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory. Both the theories are correlated with slight differences.
One of history’s well known and most influential psychologist was Sigmund Freud. He founded the study of Psychoanalysis, which is the study of the “unconscious mind”. He also did other studies such as dream interpretations and repression. However, up to this day some of Freud’s theories are controversial in our world today. Freud wrote a book called “Group Psychology & the Analysis of the Ego” where he argues and investigate group behavior is psychoanalysis.