Sigmund Freud And Erikson's Theory On Psychosocial Crises

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Introduction In this essay, it discusses the comparison and differentiation between Freudians theory on psychosexual and Erikson’s theory on psychosocial crises; although their theories differentiate the main focus is human development and human behaviour. The stages their theories have are categorized by age and expresses when development begins and an in depth on the developmental process. There are factors that influence how people think and behave. Erikson’s theories were based on Frauds stages of development but differ in many ways and what effect development, and what age one stops development. Freud and Erikson’s understanding of development Sigmund Freud was an exceptional man that had knowledgeable ideas and vast knowledge…show more content…
“The child becomes attached to parent of the other sex and later identifies with same sex-parent” (Papalia & Feldman, 2012:30). Latency (6 years to puberty) children become aware of their social environment and their relationship and interaction with others. “Considered a time of calm between more turbulent stages” (Papalia & Feldman, 2012:30). Genital (puberty to adulthood) “an interest in the opposite sex – sexual urges” (McLead, 2013). Erikson’s five stages of psychosocial crises “Trust vs. Mistrust (birth to 12-18 months) feeling safe in their mothers embrace by being fed and cared for or being neglected. Balance in this crises leads to the basic Virtue, hope. Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt (12-18 months to 3 years) a toddler develops self reliance and the ability to think on their own. This crises leads to the basic virtue, will. Initiative vs. Guilt (3 to 6 years) child is able to take on new challenges and make decisions for them self and using their initiative, the basic virtue of purpose. Industry vs. Inferiority (6 years to puberty) child learns to acquire skills. Identity vs. Identity confusion (puberty to young adult) Intimacy vs. Isolation (young adulthood) Generativity vs. Stagnation (middle…show more content…
First stage of development starts from birth to 12-18 months; Freud’s first stage, oral stage and Erikson’s first crises trust vs. Mistrust. Both focuses on how parental care its essential because it gives them the sense to trust. The next stage that show similar traits are the anal stage and autonomy vs. Shame and doubt (12-18 months to 3years) both stages gives a sense of self-resilience and independence to develop a sense of decision
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