Moral development is the gradual development of an individual’s concept of right or wrong – conscious, religious values, social attitudes and certain behaviour. Kohlberg’s theory of moral development can be used by teachers in classroom in following ways:- - Incorporate role-playing and use of scenarios to teach objectives of Family and Consumer Science curriculum. - Develop tests that use scenarios and questions specific to the scenarios. - Develop projects where students must use skills of application and evaluation - Develop method of incorporating student input into classroom disciplinary procedures. - Develop writing assignments for classroom disciplinary infractions.
Likewise, this theory often described in a school education field. Richardson V (1997) mentioned that the classroom from this theory should be taught as follows. The teacher must pursuit asking students questions continually to encourage their intellectual curiosity along with a curriculum which is based on big concepts rather than specific knowledge. Also, the interactive learning should help the student to build their own knowledge that the assessment should be included this
Teaching philosophy is described by Sadker and Sadker as, “Behind every school and every teacher is a set of related beliefs - a philosophy of education – that influences what and how students are taught. A philosophy of education represents answers to questions about the purpose of schooling, a teacher’s role and what should be taught and by what methods.” (Teacher, Schools and Society. 2005). With this definition in consideration, my teaching philosophy is “I believe that children learn best when they are given the chance to choose, discuss and explore what they want to learn, when they want to learn and how they want to learn. I believe that a teacher’s role is to prepare an environment where children can fully realize their potential
To facilitate learning of children, patterns of learning can be modified and more elements of cognitive training can be added in play of students. On the other hand, different students may achieve different levels of cognitive skills. It is important for teachers to notice the difference of progress of students. Different levels of intervention of framing of knowledge can be adopted by teachers, which influence students’ understanding of knowledge (Arcidiacono, & Perret-Clermont, 2009). Next, since only performance of one subject is observed, it is suggested to enlarge the scale of research and observe the performance of different participants.
The CAPS strives towards a classroom environment where learners are able to work as individuals as well as part of a team. Constructivism states that learners should participate in cooperative learning so that they can be able to learn from their More Knowledgeable Other (2016:61). The CAPS promotes the use of different communication methods in the classroom in order to teach efficiently. In addition, teachers should make use of visual, symbolic and language skills simultaneously. Constructivism promotes the use of technology in the classroom in order to support teaching (2016:98).
Social Reconstructionists, according to Schiro (2008) “assume that education, has the power to educate people, to analyze and understand social problems, envision a world in which those problems do not exist, and act so as to bring that vision into existence” (Schiro, 2008, pg 134). In other words, the aim of the Social Reconstruction Ideology is to have the Social Reconstructionist educator research real world issues, present them to the students, and have the students work together to create a solution to these problems. Besides the aim of Social Reconstruction, there are other elements of the ideology that requires further examination. While constructing curriculum, it is important to address the nature of knowledge, learning, teaching, the child, and
Pedagogy is important because it demonstrate how the teaching and learning occurs. Students must build up their own understandings through teachers’ and their own considered learning experiences. Teacher’s subject matter knowledge and pedagogical knowledge are vital to good teaching and student understanding (Buchmann, 1982, 1983; Tobin & Garnett, 1988). In Shulman's theoretical framework, teachers need to master two types of knowledge: content and knowledge of the curricular development. Teacher must integrate teaching strategies that will help students to assimilate knowledge such as supportive classroom environment, recognition of difference and connectedness to the wider world.
In accordance with Piaget’s theory, the learner interacts with objects and events available in the physical and social environment and therefore comprehends the objects or events using the process of assimilation, accommodation and equilibration. The learners, therefore, construct their own conceptualizations and use them to generate solutions to problems. This theory also suggests that humans create and construct knowledge as they try to bring meaning to their experiences. In the differentiated classroom, teachers should facilitate the learning process by organizing learning activities and using variety of aid material according to the level of students’ cognitive structure to enable them to construct knowledge through their
Introduction Learning can be achieved as a result of effective teaching methodologies. Effective teaching requires teachers to understand learning methods and to develop a theoretical path combined with practice for effective teaching. There are two major behavioural theories presented in this essay. They are classical conditioning and operant conditioning. According to behavioral theories, teachers can play a significant role in effecting learning by determining what to teach with objectives based on desired behavior.
A teacher should play many roles in the classroom. Teachers should build up the competencies in techniques and strategies for knowledge acquisition, a tactics for peaceful and harmonious co-existence with others and actualize their own potentials. Teacher’s attitude towards teaching is the key factor for success of any institution. The world is always in a state of flux. Teachers should modify the methods of teaching according to the changing world and impart the right type of education for the future generations.