Sigmund Freud And Piaget's Theory On Cognitive Development

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Introduction: Often we sit in a class or read a book and learn something of a particular theory in child care or child development. If we are students we specially try to memorize the theory so that we can do well in our examinations or assessments. We can easily forget that the theory was not taught for our examinations, but for our practice back home with the youngsters we work with. This assignment is based on four major developmental theories; Sigmund Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual theory, Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development, Jean Piaget’s Theory on Cognitive Development and Lawrence Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development. This paper is structured with Brief explanation of what each theory says and how I would apply it in…show more content…
By teaching about failures we can motivate the students to accomplish their goals in life no matter what the circumstances may be Piaget’s Theory on Cognitive Development: Theorist Jean Piaget proposed one of the most influential theories of cognitive development. Cognitive theory seeks to describe and explain the development of thought processes and mental states. It also looks at how these thought processes influence the way people understand and interact with the world. Piaget theorized that there are four stages of Cognitive Development to account for the steps and sequence of children 's intellectual development. The final stage of Piaget 's theory is known as the formal operational stage. This is the stage where adolescence is placed. The formal operational stage begins around age twelve and lasts throughout our adult lives. During this stage we develop both logical and abstract thinking. Our thought process is ever changing. Piaget believed that teachers should act as guides to children 's learning processes and that the curriculum should be adapted to individual needs and developmental…show more content…
Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development: Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development was dependent on the thinking of the Jean Piaget. He believed that people progressed in their moral reasoning and ethical behavior through a series of stages. He believed that there were six identifiable stages which could be more generally classified into three levels. When children are growing, naturally their morality also develops. At the age of adolescence students no longer focus their attention to themselves but the tendency is to go beyond them. They are thinking of other people in their behaviour. Kohlberg classified this growth as conventional morality. Applying Kohlberg’s theory of Moral Development to classroom management and disciplinary procedures is a way moral development can be addressed in teaching. Following are some things I would apply in my classroom based on this theory. o Give students the opportunity to create their own classroom policies and procedures by making a chart and displaying it. We can actually use this in maintaining classroom management, behavior modification and establishing routines inside the classroom. o Let the students realize that they are responsible for their moral development. Present them different examples that will inspire and teach them to be morally responsible with their own

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