He knows that the acceptance of submission broke the structure of man and that his society is wrong to let the rights of man collapse under such a worship. Therefore, Equality sacrifices himself for the power of individuality. He takes the struggles of the martyr and rebels against the evil of the word “we”. Equality is correct to morally judge his society by pronouncing his denouncement of them in moral terms for they took away man’s freedom, shamed their people for their differences, and censored man’s power of
According to her the only way to end war is unmaking masculinity. She further adds that this kind of change is already in process through the men who oppose and say no to combat and transform their lives into a new kind of humanity. But the work of Kathleen Barry also has some shortcomings like: - In reality it is very difficult to separate combat ethic from the military’s time immemorial emphasis on face-to-face killing. It might have a strong influence on future of the military culture. - Military training needs to be intense.
Summary Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) theory of social contract, which states that we need moral, legal rules because we want to escape the state of nature which is solitary, poor, brutal, nasty, and short. In this state, a man can kill others, and there are limited resources. This can soon lead to a state of war in which we are constantly disposed to harm others to achieve our goals. So, in this state of war if a person was to possess a beautiful house or property, and had all the comforts, luxuries, and amenities to lead a wonderful life; others could come and harm him and deprive him of his fruit of labor, life, and liberty. Therefore, the state of nature is that of fear, violence, and distrust.
He expands his purpose by showing an example of human nature and that humans do not like the unknown, even if the unknown may be somewhat positive or beneficial. In line seventeen, Jefferson claims that the objects of a government have the right to revolt if they sense their rights are in danger and select new figures. This appeals to logos because he exemplifying that the governed are the ones in power by revolting against the government. Overall, Jefferson makes a good argument as to why Great Britain should relinquish control of America. He gives insight of the unpredictability and instability of human nature and delivers the offences Great Britain has committed.
According to “Harrison Bergeron” George states that “ ‘If I tried to get away with it,’ said George, ‘then other people’d get away with it-and pretty soon we’d be right back to the dark ages again, with everybody competing against everybody else. You wouldn’t like that, would you?’ “ (Vonnegut 2). One can see that people in this collectivist society such as George know that breaking the law can do no good for oneself or others. In Anthem the text states that “International 4-8818 and we are friends. This is an evil to say, for it is a transgression, the great Transgression of Preference, to love any among men better than others, since we must must love all men and all men are our friends” (Rand 30).
Anthem’s constructed society—built on endless restrictions and laws—falsely propagates these ideals and unknowing citizens blindly accept them, ignoring their own aspirations. Through the main character, Prometheus, readers experience the suffocating nature of a society that enforces “total equality.” Ayn Rand’s novel Anthem explains, relates and propagates the negative effects of collectivism on man’s individuality. Rulers justify their collectivist society by appealing to the desire for equality. Exploiting the craving for fairness, power-hungry leaders are able to convince the community that a unified society is in their best interest. A rebellion is highly unexpected due to the unwavering trust the citizens place in their government.
Although it evokes emotions of resentment from the Council, it remains a milestone within Equality’s evolution. Similarly, Equality revolutionizes his sphere of philosophy. As he broadens his once narrow scope of the world and allows his imagination to wander, he realizes that the brotherhood is not as divine as it is praised to be. While devising the birth of his new society, he figures that because of the “worship [of the word “We”], the structure of centuries collapsed...whose every beam had come from the thought of some one man…[who] existed but for [his] own sake” (Rand 102). It is due to the endurance of collectivism that success is impeded and the “beams” that are supposed to support the monument of society instead “collaps[e]” under their own cause.
Dimmesdale grew up in a strict society with the idea that restraint was most important. To Loring, weakness was viewed as a moment of true human passion. This was to be avoided at all costs by Dimmesdale who believed it to be a horrible crime This act of passion imbued on him an undying guilt. Although he had only acted on his true nature, he had gone against society. Loring speaks of a two-fold nature that a member of society is demanded to have : the nature born
Golding answers this question by symbolising the main characters and their descent into savagery. He uses Ralph and Piggy to describe the well-educated that attempt to grasp civilisation, but ultimately fail to deliver. His symbol of Roger as an ordinary person that breaks loose of the chains of society once disconnected from it. Finally, the nature of Jack is a depiction of the power hungry that will do anything to lead. Firstly, Golding uses Ralph and Piggy to portray that human nature is hidden by society to continue civilisation.
America was a capitalist society that ordained people to act on behalf of their constitutional freedoms like the freedom of speech and the freedom of the press. The Soviet Union on the other hand opposed capitalism upholding a communist society and believed in the states control over its people’s lives and freedoms. We see the fear for opposing ideologies playout in European Countries. America was afraid that the destruction of communism would plague Soviet neighbors. While America was actively involved reconstructing Germany and its allies, they frightened Stalin and his communist party as they viewed their borders were weak and unable to be protected from an invasion.