Afterwards, Shapiro and Startup developed a brief manual and rating scale for depression in 1991 (Guthrie, 1999). The model was constructed on psychodynamic principles, but also impressed by humanistic and interpersonal concepts. At the beginning, it was called ‘conversational model of therapy’. The essential role of the therapist in this model is to develop the ‘mutual feeling
The role of the therapist in relation to the client is also explored, and explains just how important this relationship and type of therapy is to the field. The main idea of this research piece is to analyze psychoanalysis, and the therapeutic process as a unit working in tandem with each other. Overview of Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). Freud believed that people could be cured by making conscious their unconscious
Many theorist have disagreements on Sigman Freud Psychoanalysis Theory, as a result the Contemporary Psychoanalysis was introduced. Classical analysis consist of path in which the patient should follow for a successful analysis and the interpretations are all directed at achieving this goal. The Psychoanalyst is unable of the client’s progress. A follow up is required to complete the analysis. The analyst will observe and look out for any abnormalities from the client’s unconscious.
However, in this essay I will only deal with the three prominent theories, which are, Psycho-analytic theory, Behavioral theory and Humanistic theory. The first part of this essay will evaluate the Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytical theory defined and evaluated the development and structure of personality. Freud believed human nature is basically deterministic. People were helped to gain an insight into their unconscious thoughts by making them conscious which made easy the release of their repressed emotions and experiences and therefore getting cured and unsolved issues being solved.
(Hayes, Luomo, Bond, & Masuda, 2006) Acceptance: Acceptance is a technique that is taught to the client to substitute avoidance. In the process, acceptance is an active process which involves the ones own awareness in their emotion, desire, internally suppressed private thoughts and incidents and accepting them with fully experiencing its feeling. For instance, an anxiety patient is asked to feel their anxiousness as a feeling not using any defense mechanism, and then they are provided with the methods which will provide help to the client in leaving the anxiousness. (Hayes, Luomo, Bond, & Masuda, 2006) Cognitive
Freud’s Psychosexual Development Stage Psychosexual development stage is one of Freud’s major contribution to the Psychology field. Some of the concepts were based on his earlier study- the division of mental life into id, ego, and superego. In Freud’s psychosexual theory, each stage represents the fixation of libido (Instinct energy contain in Id). A particular conflict is existed in each stage of the psychosexual theory. One may have to resolve the conflict in order to pass on to another stage.
Physcotherapy can be described as the techniques used for treating mental health, emotional and some psychiatric disorders (Nordqvist,2009). Counselling and physcotherapy are known as the talking therapies where a therapist aims to provide a safe environment for a distressed client to talk about their problems in confidence with no judgement. In this essay I hope to discuss the humanistic approach to physoctherapy, I hope to explore this approach in dept and discover how in fact this type of therapy focuses on self development growth and responsibilities (McLeod, 2008).This therapy I feel is closest to my beliefs because it focuses on the individual reaching a level of actualisation as the therapist will focus on the client’s strengths. In
Psychology analysis Theory (Childhood): Hidden Story in subconscious Psychology analysis means that used by a qualified therapist who has extensive light therapy, a form of moderate chronic difficulties in living patients. It is related to a theory about the relationship between the conscious and unconscious mental processes of the particular body and should not be used as a synonym for psychotherapy in general. Psychoanalysis is done with a single patient and analyst; it is not appropriate to group work. The basic principles of psychology analysis include the following: • In addition to the constitutional succession of personality, a person 's development is determined by the child event; • Attitudes, pretence, experiences and ideas are greatly
Repression in Freud and Freyd Freud describes repression as the act of blocking unacceptable urges, but this phenomenon is not that simple. Ever since he popularized using repression to describe cases of abnormal forgetting, alternative theories of repression have been formulated. In contrast to Freud, Freyd theorizes that repression occurs when someone is abused by a close caregiver, and to survive, they must repress their memories of the abuse to maintain a relationship with their caregiver. Her theory diverges from Freud’s as she is more focused on the abuse causing the repression while Freud is more concerned about the ramifications of acting upon taboo desires. Likewise, both authors use survival as a core concept in their theories.
Compare and contrast Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory and Freud’s psychosexual theory Introduction: There are several developmental theories that have been developed by some psychologist. The main 2 psychoanalytic theories are Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory and Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory. There are 5 stages of developmental in Sigmund Freud’s theory. Freud develops his theory of development through his work with emotionally distressed adults. He believed that the personality of a human is made up of the id, the ego, and the superego.