Sigmund Freud: Psychoanasis And Phychoanalysis

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In strengthening the importance of adapting to the ‘good mother’ script, a crucial role was played by psychoanalysis. As it will be shown, psychology has been instrumental in constructing the ways in which motherhood is seen, and in maintaining mothers in their current social position. Moreover, psychoanalysis is a useful tool which can be used to show how we acquire our heritage of the ideas and laws of human society within the unconscious mind. One of the most known and debated psychoanalytic approaches to the mother-child relationship is the one used by Sigmund Freud in his analysis of the so-called Oedipus complex. In his discussion, Freud stresses how the part played by the mother in the first stage of development of her offspring has to be followed by the children’s extradition from the maternal clutches through the submission to the liberating father law. In the Freudian construction, the mother is reduced to the state of mere object, whose satisfaction is determined by her relationship with the child. The need for a rupture of the mother-child dyadic relationship is advocated by feminist psychoanalysis too. By configuring for mothers a much more significant role in society at large, the main exponents of this movement provide a…show more content…
In her work The Reproduction of Motherhood: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender (1978), Chodorow affirms that the first phase of mother-child duality, during which the mother acts as ‘external ego’ for her children, and makes ‘total environmental provision’ for them, must be followed by one in which the newborn starts recognising the mother as a separate entity to enable the child’s development of self. The acknowledgment of this separateness is made possible by the frustration of expectations of primary

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