Taq four. Psychoanalytic theory(Freud) Psychosocial development theory Learning theory( Harlow and Harlow 1969) Erikson Kohlberg What does the theorist mean by the term social development? Freud argued human behaviuor was the result of the interaction of the three component parts of the mind the id, ego and superego based on his patients who came to him regarding their symptoms and to describe exactly what was in their mind (Boundless, 2014). Erikson believed personality develops in a series of stages with impact of social experiences and conflict across the whole life span through his research with his wife at experimental school for American students. (Cherry, 2014).
These two psychologists support that human’s development follow in a sequence of predetermined stages. According to Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory, the first stage is defined as the oral stage that is birth to one year. In this stage, infant’s main sources of pleasure is mouth. During this stage, the infant is solely reliant on caretakers and develop a sense of trust and comfort through the inducement of oral organ. Then he defined second stage is anal stage, that is year one to year three.
Freud believed that personality develops through a series of childhood stages through which the self-satisfaction and focused on certain erogenous areas. Much like Freud, Erikson said that personality develops in a series of stages. Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson’s theory defines the influence of social experience across the whole
Compare and contrast Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory and Freud’s psychosexual theory Introduction: There are several developmental theories that have been developed by some psychologist. The main 2 psychoanalytic theories are Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory and Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory. There are 5 stages of developmental in Sigmund Freud’s theory. Freud develops his theory of development through his work with emotionally distressed adults. He believed that the personality of a human is made up of the id, the ego, and the superego.
Sigmund Freud 's viewpoint on personality development differed entirely from social learning theory. He was a psychoanalyst and looked for unconscious motives, which influenced the behavior of the patients, he was treating. He focused on the subconscious much larger part of the mind, a storehouse of impulses, passions and inaccessible memories that affect our feelings and actions. In ancient Indian psychology this is known as "samskaras". It is believed that some of these samskaras are connected with previous lives experiences.
Theories, Key Concepts, Principles, and Assumptions Two theories that will be discussed in this paper is Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development and John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment. Erikson’s theory is considered psychosocial, emphasizing the importance of social and cultural factors within a lifespan, from infancy to later adulthood. Erikson’s theory is broken down into eight consecutive age-defined stages. During each stage, a person experiences a psychosocial crisis that contributes to their personality development. Erikson was highly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory of Development.
Later on Freud began focusing on the early development of children and how during each age, the child focuses his attention to a specific body part. He proposed that childhood development goes through stages and if a child does not fufill and leave one stage they become fixated to it. Freud was convinced that our personalities form in our first few years as we pass through a series of psychosexual stages. Here comes the unconsious part and the ID that seeks pleasure from our sensitive areas. First is the oral stage that starts from birth where libido is centred in baby's mouth through breastfeeding and putting all sorts of things in his mouth.
Sigmund Freud & Psychoanalytical: As we know that Sigmund Freud psychoanalytical theory emphasis that human behavior usually is the result of conflict of three parts of mind Id, Ego, and superego, this theory describes the that how personality is the form of these three components of mind. According to Freud human personality started developing during childhood and surely recover the five psychosexual stages which is known as psychosexual theory of development, during every age a child seen as presenting a conflict in biological and social expectations; surely navigation of that conflicts leads to outstanding development stages, and certainly comes to a mature personality. Freud’s term “ Neurosis’’ which is marked as a mental disorder of anxiety and fear; but it does not have any particular emphasis on reality for example “ Hallucination’’. Freud’s Structure of mind: According to Freud our structure of mind is made of three parts Id, Ego, Superego so first of all my purpose is to define that what is the function of these three component of mind, as the Freud’s psychoanalysis is the belief and concepts of the psychologist Sigmund Freud and contains dries of sexuality dreams emotions as well. Freud said that the personality was derived into three separate arts the Id, Ego, Superego.
Freud 's psychosexual theory of development. Sigmund Freud was a Viennese physician who developed his psychosexual theory of development. His theory is based on the idea that parents play a critical role in managing their children 's sexual and aggressive drives during the first few years of life in order to nurture their proper development. As his structural model suggests that id, the ego, and the superego are three interworking parts which consists in personality. According to Freud’s theory, the stages of psychosexual development must be successfully met for proper development.
Erikson (1902-1994) and J. Bowlby (1909-1991), developed the initial idea maintained by Freud, that our earliest relationships affect all those that come later in life. Erikson emphasised the impact of history and culture on the development of the adolescent, later developing ego psychology. John Bowlby’s attachment theory states that our attachments and relationships help us to maintain our emotional wellbeing; the attachments that we make to people in the early stages of our development has an impact on how we view ourselves and how we develop relationships throughout our lives. Wave 3 nurture groups and SEAL groups, as recommended by the government Targeted Mental Health in Schools project (TaMHS, 2008), are firmly based on the premise that early relationships are crucial to all that follows. Personal experiences with adopted children, those of close colleagues, family members and students, can, in my opinion, bear out Bowlby’s underlying premise of attachment theory.