Sigmund Freud Summary

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Sigmund Freud
1880s-1930s
Theory Overview-
Sigmund Freud seeks to explain emotional development through aspects of personality and examination of psychosexual development. He proposes that childrens’ emotional development begins at birth based upon specific needs of that developmental stage. When and how these needs are met, have lasting effects on the emotional development of the individual (Grace, 2017).
Aspect of Lifespan Development (Module Focus)-
Emotional Development
Theory Components –
The Unconscious Mind
The Three Aspects of Personality
• Id
• Ego o Defense Mechanisms (McLeod, 2013)
• Repression
• Denial
• Projection
• Displacement
• Regression
• Sublimation
• Superego
Oedipus Complex and Psychosexual Development
• Oral
• Anal
• Phallic
• Latent
• Genital (McLeod, 2013)
Process (Expansion of Theory Components)-
Freud compared the mind to an iceberg with the conscious mind being seen above the surface and the majority, or unconscious mind being below the surface. The conscious mind focuses on the present and immediate functions while the unconscious mind is the root of most behaviors (McLeod, 2013). Freud then breaks down the aspects of personality into the Id, ego and superego, which build upon each other as a structural model (Grace, 2013). The Id is present at birth and comprises the will to survive, instincts, and impulses (Psychology School Lessons, 2017). The ego develops from the id and seeks to have needs met within the constraints of the reality of
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