Sigmund Freud: The Father Of Psychoanalysis

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Sigismund Schlomo Freud or more commonly known as Sigmund Freud was born on the 6th of May 1856 and passed away on the 23rd of September 1939. He was an Austrian and was originally a neurologist but is now more famously known as the father of psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881 and mainly carried out research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuro-anatomy at the Vienna General Hospital. In 1885, he completed his habilitation and was appointed a docent in neuropathology and became an affiliated professor in 1902.
Psychoanalysis is a set of psychological and psychotherapeutic theories and associated techniques, created by Sigmund Freud and stemming partly from the clinical
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Although these schools differ, most of them emphasize the influence of unconscious elements on the conscious. Under the broad umbrella of psychoanalysis there are at least 22 theoretical orientations regarding human mental development. Freudian psychoanalysis refers to a specific type of treatment in which the patient verbally expresses his or her thoughts through free associations, fantasies, and dreams, from which the analyst infers the unconscious conflicts causing the patient's symptoms and character problems, and interprets them for the patient Psychoanalysis has received criticism from a wide variety of sources. It is regarded by some critics as a pseudoscience. Nonetheless, it remains a strong influence within the realm of psychiatry, and more so in some quarters than…show more content…
The id is an important part of our personality because it allows us to get our basic needs met and is based on our pleasure principle. In other words, the id wants whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation. For example, when a child is hungry shows that the id wants food and therefore the child cries. When the child needs to be changed, the id cries. When the child is uncomfortable or just wants attention, the id speaks up until his or her needs are met. The id doesn’t care about reality, about the needs of anyone else, only its own satisfaction. By the time a child reaches the age of 3, the second part of the personality begins to develop. Freud called this part the Ego. The ego is based on the reality principle. The ego understands that other people have needs and desires and that sometimes being impulsive or selfish can hurt us in the long run. It’s the ego’s job to meet the needs of the id, while taking into consideration of the situation. By the age of five, the Superego develops. The Superego is the moral part of us and develops from the moral and ethics shown by the caregiver. According to Freud, the ego is the strongest so that it can satisfy the needs of the id as well as the moral and ethical considerations of the superego. Finding the balance between the id and the super ego is the real challenge of the
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