Sigmund Freud: The Major Concepts Of Psychoanalysis

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Psychoanalysis is a method of therapy that originated by famous Austrian physician, Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis studies the mind, and treating the mental and emotional disorders by using techniques such as free association, dream interpretation and analysis of transference to investigate the underlying motives of unconscious minds. According to Lapsley, D. K., & Stey, P.C. (2012) Encyclopedia of Human Behavior (Second edition), one of the major concepts of psychoanalytic therapy is the construction of human personality, which consists of id, ego and superego. Id is the newborn’s reservoirs and it is instinctual driven. Freud believes that this is the original system of personality because everyone is born with it unknowingly. Id is governed…show more content…
L., 2011) Oral stage is the first stage of psychosexual developments that is from newborn to eighteenth month. Child will focus mainly on oral pleasure, sucking. Too much or too little satisfaction may result in oral fixation. Individual will need something in mouth constantly. This leads to higher tendency of smoking, chewing gums, drinking, over-eating or even biting nails to satisfy once deprived. The second stage of psychosexual development is anal stage spanning from the age of eighteen months to three years. During this stage, anus is the erogenous zone and child is used to have very comfortable passage. However, some parents may overly emphasized toilet training. As a result, the id-ego conflict occurs. The id tells a child that ‘I want to go to the toilet now’ and ego tells that ‘I can’t use the toilet now’. Individual who suffered from anal fixation will tend to be very obsessively organized in terms of cleanliness, perfection and also control if anal retentive. On the other hand, individual may be disorganized and messy, if anal repulsive. The third stage is phallic stage at he ages of three to six years. When a child is more developed and genital is the erogenous zone. A child, typically boy gets sexually attracted to his mother. This is when a son-father competition occurs and the boy will even have evil desire of killing the father in order to sexually posses the mother. This is Oedipus complex.…show more content…
Firstly, there is limited availability of trained psychoanalytic therapists. Hence, patient will have problems consulting them because their appointment will always be fully booked. Secondly, consultation will be costly which is about thirty to fifty dollars per session and this is a prolonged treatment that takes up to years and two to three sessions per week. Only the well-to-do patient can afford this. In order to overcome the problems above, more people should be trained so they will have more experts in this field. Besides, anonymous role of the therapists is one of the limitations too as patients are usually not comfortable to share problems with strangers and also the constructions of memory as patients are not sure that how much they will be able to
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