Many theories in Alfred Hitchcock’s movies stem from theories on human behaviors from Freud’s psychoanalytic theories. Psychoanalytical idea are extremely apparent in the film Shadow of a Doubt due to that psychoanalysis is therapeutic, and the way the mind acts by how behavior is affected. Such as comparing the Electra complex, which is similar to the Oedipus complex but relating to females in a familial situation due to the relationship between Charlie and Charles that would show their strange and unethical admiration to be accurate which is very opposed in socially and ethically in society. Such as their relationships is considered to be inappropriate during the film due to their physical contact with each other, which was extremely uncomfortable to watch between an uncle and niece. Another aspect is in James McLaughlin’s essay in A Hitchcock Reader where is compares their similarities “[Charlie’s] uncle ‘heard’ her, that there is a kind of telepathy between them.
Carl Jung’s Theory of Personality Anyone who has ever been interested in psychology has at least heard of Sigmund Freud for his hand in helping the advancement and understanding of the human psyche by making the Freudian Theory. In his theory, Freud stated that a person’s personality is formed by conflicts among the three main structures of the human mind: the Id, Ego, and Superego. Fortunately, many essays, reports, books, and websites have commented about the Freudian Theory, but this writing is putting the spotlight on a past friend-turned-enemy of Freud and an under-appreciated piece of history in psychology called the Jungian Theory, named after Carl Jung. Born on July 26, 1875, Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist who is mostly known for the concept of how people can be categorized into introverts and extroverts by the extent of certain functions of consciousness. (Biography) Like Freud, Jung believed that the human psyche is made of three components.
In The Uncanny, Freud strongly emphasizes the study and beauty of the fearful and the terrifying. He elicits this subject as what is left behind of aesthetics. Aesthetics is the theory of quality of feeling, which essentially includes positive and negative feelings. However, this theory, in its existence, has neglected to include the uncanny, preferring to concentrate on beauty and, generally, on more positive emotions. In Freud’s essay, he glorifies the subject of the uncanny by examining and elaborating on the feelings evoked by anxiety and why they are crucial in the minds of individuals.
He found gender stereotyping in his research on his theory when he used play therapy, focusing on play construction. Research today still uses gender stereotyping. The writer believes that Erikson’s research was valid as many people supported it. However, there were some other studies that were done which conflicted with some of his beliefs. In one study it was found that in Erikson’s theory people in the maturity and old age stage of psychosocial development spend time recalling and examining their life, accepting or regretting past choices.
If the therapist did not agree with certain things from a client was saying they might try to convince the client that their real feelings are just being repressed. Which could cause unnecessary upset and offend the client, especially if these feelings are real to the client. In contrasting views the psychoanalytic approach has some strengths. It emphasises on the unconscious –mind where others fail to do so. Freud created a talking therapy which became quite popular.
The dispute of seeing through that filter has become met by historians in numerous ways. One way is to utilize non-Traditional sources-for example, personal documents, for instance wills or marriage contracts. This band are brilliant to look at the records of localities rather then of central governments. Through these means even the most oppressed people-;African-American Slaves or medieval heretics, for example -experienced no less than a few history restored. Since the 20th century some historians have likewise become serious about psychological repression—i.e., in attitudes and actions that need psychological insight and in some cases diagnosis to recover and understand.
Although these schools differ, most of them emphasize the influence of unconscious elements on the conscious. Under the broad umbrella of psychoanalysis there are at least 22 theoretical orientations regarding human mental development. Freudian psychoanalysis refers to a specific type of treatment in which the patient verbally expresses his or her thoughts through free associations, fantasies, and dreams, from which the analyst infers the unconscious conflicts causing the patient's symptoms and character problems, and interprets them for the patient Psychoanalysis has received criticism from a wide variety of sources. It is regarded by some critics as a pseudoscience. Nonetheless, it remains a strong influence within the realm of psychiatry, and more so in some quarters than
They further state that “there are discrepancies between Freud’s notes on the therapy sessions and the published case histories supposedly based on those notes. Researchers have found differences involving the length of the analysis and the sequence of events disclosed during analysis as well as unsubstantiated claims of cures” (Schultz and Schultz, 2004, p.430). Not only opponents of Freud criticize his work, even Freudians believe “that he often contradicted himself and that his definitions of key concepts are unclear” (Schultz and Schultz, 2004, p.431). Freud even justified his writings earlier and tried to answer their questions and explain what might have
The character Hamlet clearly portrays Freud’s three parts of personality; id, ego and super-ego. Additionally, Freud indicates Hamlet as an example in his theories, such as ‘’Mourning and Melancholia’’ and Oedipus complex. However, in ‘’The Interpretations of Dreams’’ Freud interpreters and even Freud himself states that Hamlet was more related to Oedipus complex, which is a significant example for the theory. (Desmet, 1999, p.161) Obviously it was a very controversial claim and there were many scholars who didn’t agree with this. The main disagreement by a lot of Hamlet interpreters was their claim that the reason Hamlet’s feelings toward his mother were more of an unconscious kind rather than sexual desire.
Freud says” In order to deal with problems and conflict in life ,the ego consumes a variety of different defense mechanisms. These defense mechanisms work at an unconscious level and make good things feel better for the person. A few examples of defense mechanisms are Repression which is burying something like a horrible feeling from your awareness this can sometimes be considered as a basis of other defense mechanisms, Denial is another defense mechanism which would be not accepting reality because it is too painful to come to terms with it and a final example would be Regression this would be like regressing back to an earlier age in life, a less mature way of dealing with certain feelings or
Janessa Holman Psych.451- Intro. To Psychotherapy 03/31/2016 Paper #3: Research Review Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, while being responsible for influencing all other forms of subsequent therapy, has a prevalent discounting in modern psychological circles, as well as present-day media (Wolitzsky, 33-34). Due in part to a growing emphasis on Cognitive Behavior Therapy and its supposed superior effectiveness, as well as a reluctance on the part of its forefathers to submit their patients to research methodology, believing it improbable for a study to measure treatment benefits, such as insight, freedom from inner constraints, etc., Psychodynamic Therapy has been brushed aside as an ineffective therapy, due to a supposed lack of empirical research support (Shedler, 1). Dr. Jonathan Shedler argues that this presumption is entirely false, for though “evidence based” is typically utilized to refer to “a group of therapies conducted according to instruction manuals (‘manualized’ therapies) (Shedler, 1), this does not negate the
There was a clear generation gap that lead to the misunderstanding and division between the older generations and the younger ones. The older generations wanted to know why these youths wanted to take LSD, venture out, try new things, and change the culture and society that they were or are growing up in. They also focused on the negative aspects on it, but could not help because that was all that was presented in the media, all the negative aspects of LSD and minimization of the benefits of it. Youths of LSD counterculture took their criticism and disapproval and turned it into a positive experience. Ignoring the backlash, they continued to voice their opinion and use LSD to enhance new ways of expressing themselves and their spirituality.