Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrists, was interested in which symbols and common myths were able to seep into our thinking on both conscious and subconscious level. Initially working with an Austrian psychoanalyst, Sigmund Freud, in the late 1800s both agreed with the significance of recurring themes in people’s dreams. However, Jung and Freud took different paths with the disagreement of sexuality driving other’s personalities. He wrote The Personal and Collective Unconscious to demonstrates his views regarding the psyche and how it influenced other parts of other’s personalities. In contrast, Freud placed much emphasis on the sexual origins in his patients’ personalities and was unwilling to consider any other viewpoints.
After Freud other major psychologists have contributed in this field but their development was mainly from the standpoint of opposing what Freud had preached. Times Magazine in 2001 has referred to Freud as Psychology’s most important thinker and a Newsweek article of 2006 called him history’s most debunked doctor. However Freud was a very notable psychologist and he is referred to as the father of psychoanalysis who was the first to focus on the unconscious aspect of the human mind and behavior. To Freud, most of the human ideology was encompassed by the subconscious rather than the conscious mind. Freud considered three aspects of the mind: the id, ego, and superego.
Psychoanalytic Therapy While exploring underlying causes of behavior, Sigmund Freud proposed that slips of tongue, errors and faulty memory are results of unconscious reasons. Therefore, Freudian Psychoanalytic Therapy is a psychology of the conflicting forces inherent in the dualistic nature of humanity. (James & Gilliland, 1980) Key Concepts Psychoanalytic theory embodies hypothesis and assumptions in the psychotic relationship between people and the environment. Firstly, Freud’s concept of the unconscious. According to Freud, the mind consists of the conscious, preconscious and unconscious.
Another ideal that I liked is the concept of psychosexual stages, that are termed as development. Each stage represents a dilemma which combines the ideal biological choice against the social expectation. The main concept that I like about this personality theory is to find that we are in a constant conflict in our subconscious mind. We are always producing internal drives and controlling them through our own self control which is termed as the superego. Although there is a lot of criticism on this theory, because it uses human sexuality as the fundamental basis of psychoanalysis (Schultz & Schultz,
Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Many researchers have tried to revise after Freud 's psychoanalysis, to show the value associated with the process and I have to follow their development (Kail, Cavanaugh, 2004). The most prominent of the so-called ego psychology was Erik Erikson. As with other postfreydistov for Erickson the greatest importance was the self and its adaptive capacity in connection with the problem of the individual. However, this does not mean that he neglected his theory of biological or social factors (Kail, Cavanaugh, 2004). In fact, Erickson insisted that any psychological phenomenon can be understood in the context of a coherent interaction between biological, behavioral, and social factors empirical.
Psychoanalytic theory is a standout amongst the most well-known treatment modalities, however it is additionally a standout amongst the most misconstrued by mental wellbeing buyers. This sort of treatment is based upon the speculations and work of Sigmund Freud, who established the school of thought known as psychoanalysis (Cherry, 2014).Psychoanalysis is defined as an approach to examine the depth of one’s personality (Corey, 2013). The key concepts of psychoanalytic theory are the view of human nature, structure of personality, consciousness and the unconscious, anxiety and ego-defence mechanisms (Corey, 2013).These next few paragraphs will highlight these concepts. The viewpoint of human nature by Freud is deterministic. Freud accepts
Psychoanalysis has showed to be powerful shape of remedy for a wide variety of difficulties. Studies have concluded that people who've had psychoanalysis remedy have maintained the changes that that they had done via the remedy over time.This essay will talk how powerful and effective psychoanalysis therapy and invention is today. Firstly, what is psychoanalysis? This therapy seeks to avail the patient apprehend insensate beyond forces which affect present day emotions and demeanours. Psychoanalytic therapy is a well-known treatment method.
However, the disadvantage is that people have different perceptions hence assessors will interpret the effect of experiences on individuals differently. Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) established psychology as a new developing discipline in 1879. Wundt focused on the theory of structuralism that breaks down mental processes into small elements. On the other hand the theory of functionalism by William James (1842-1910) focused on wholeness of an event and how mental processes help humans adapt to their environment. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) suggested the theory of psychoanalysis.
Many theories in Alfred Hitchcock’s movies stem from theories on human behaviors from Freud’s psychoanalytic theories. Psychoanalytical idea are extremely apparent in the film Shadow of a Doubt due to that psychoanalysis is therapeutic, and the way the mind acts by how behavior is affected. Such as comparing the Electra complex, which is similar to the Oedipus complex but relating to females in a familial situation due to the relationship between Charlie and Charles that would show their strange and unethical admiration to be accurate which is very opposed in socially and ethically in society. Such as their relationships is considered to be inappropriate during the film due to their physical contact with each other, which was extremely uncomfortable to watch between an uncle and niece. Another aspect is in James McLaughlin’s essay in A Hitchcock Reader where is compares their similarities “[Charlie’s] uncle ‘heard’ her, that there is a kind of telepathy between them.
Sigmund Freud is considered as the pioneer in the field of Psychological criticism. Freud’s psychological principals and theories are useful tool to interpret and evaluate literature. Literary critics apply the following psychological theories: • The dominance of the unconscious over the conscious, • The expression of the conscious through symbols and images, • The primacy of sexuality as a motivating force in human behavior. Literature was seen as dream by the early critics. The authors