Id, is the ferocious drives that may approximate to the biological component. Psychosexual development is the central component of the psychoanalytic sexual drive theory, that human beings from birth, possess an instinctual libido that develops in five stages which are, the oral, the anal, the phallic, the latent, and the genital. Each stage is characterized by the erogenous zone that is the source of the libidinal drive. These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido on a different area of the body, as a person grows physically, certain areas of their body becomes important as sources of potential frustration, pleasure or both. (McLeod.S, 2008) The ego attempts to intercede between the id and the phenomenon of risks posed by the id’s desire.
We will now discuss in further detail. Both Freud and Erikson recognize the importance of the unconscious development. Freud and Erikson explained that personality develops in a series of predetermined stages. They also both separate development into stages of a person’s life and utilize similar age groups for these development stages. Freud separated the development into 5 stages whereas Erikson used eight stages.
Sigmund Freud proposed that a child’s psychological development takes places in a series of fixed psychosexual stages in the first six years of a child’s life. These stages are, The oral stage, The Anal stage, The Phallic stage, The Latency stage and The Genital stage. In Freud’s view he believed each stage focused on sexual activity and the pleasure received from an area of the body. Freud believed that the human psyche, which is one’s personality or soul, has more than one aspect. He saw the psyche as three parts.
Introduction The purpose of this assignment is to compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory of development and also whether we are able to apply different concepts of psychosexual theory of development & psychosocial theory of development in daily life. Each theory will be briefly explained and the last part of the essay will be evaluating the critics of both theories by comparing. Sigmund Freud developed his theory on five psychosexual stages. He even believed that the human personality consisted of three interworking part. They are the id, the ego and the superego.
This is partly due to the repression of sexual drives that is accomplished during the oedipal stage. Freud suggests that these repressed drives may be redirected into other activities, such as the formation of friendships, or hobbies. During this stage, sexual instincts subside, and children begin to further develop the superego, or conscience. Children begin to behave in morally acceptable ways and adopt the values of their parents and other important adults. There is no fixation; it is а time out period, а time for play.
Erikson’s theory of identity development 3.1. General Background Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory is a psychoanalytic theory in which he extended Freud’s five psychosexual stages of development and suggested series of eight psychological stages of development, focusing more on the social context of development, through which a healthy developing human should pass from infancy to the old age (Fleming, 2004). The ego identity is the conscious sense of self that the individual may develop through his social interactions. The achievement and development of the ego identity is one of the aims of Erikson’s theory (Cherry, 2015). In each stage, the individual faces what Erikson called crisis which the individual must overlap to proceed
PSYCHOSEXUAL THEORY OF DEVELOPMENT This is an assignment given in Adolescence and Learning to explore Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory of development. This theory describes how the personality is developed over the course of childhood through various fixations at each stage. The five stages are oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital. Each of the psychosexual stages is associated with a particular conflict that must be resolved before the individual can successfully advance to the next stage (McLeod, 2008). According to Freud, a person who successfully completes these stages forms a successful and healthy personality whereas if certain conflicts are not resolved at the appropriate stage fixations occurs which result in failure
PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY The word psychodynamic means to a large group of theories that affects the It is a way that tells that personality of the mind exists in the conscious, subconscious and unconscious states like the unconscious wishes, feelings and thoughts. This theory is presented by Sigmund Freud in which he mentions that personality contains three components which are the id, the ego and the superego. These all work collaboratively in order to make complex human behaviours. Id is associated with the way of thinking or the natural ability and the crave for pleasure. Ego is associated with the intervene in the agreement among them with the need of the reality.
Mostly the children in this stage play with the same sex peers. Freud suggests that the repressed drives in this stage may be redirected into other activities like making friendships or hobbies. Genital Stage (puberty onwards) In this stage the sexual desires are once again awakened. Adolescents direct the sexual urges onto opposite sex peers. This time their primary focus of pleasure is the genitals.
Freud (1949) explains the essential tenets on which psychoanalytic concept are based totally. He starts with an explanation of the three forces of the psychical equipment--the identification (id), the ego, and the superego. The id has the best of being subconscious and incorporates the whole lot this is inherited, the whole thing that is gift at delivery, and the instincts (Freud, 1949, p. 14). The ego has the quality of being conscious and is responsible for controlling the needs of the id and of the instincts, turning into aware about stimuli, and serving as a hyperlink between the id and the outside world. In addition, the ego responds to stimulation by means of either variation or flight, regulates pastime, and strives to reap satisfaction and keep away from unpleasure (Freud, 1949, p. 14-15).