It is one of Freud’s most remarkable contribution and is the essential to interpret his perspective of the behaviour and the issues of personality. The unconscious is made up of those impulses, ideas, beliefs, rationale, and events that are kept out of our realization as a defence against anxiety. Freud believed that majority human conduct is influenced by external forces. The things we do in everyday life is usually formed by these unconscious purpose and needs. The aim of psychoanalysis here is to make the unconscious conscious .The concept of the unconscious has deep significance for analytic group therapy.
What would motivate her to see them, or to even create them in her mind? In Turn of the Screw, Henry James focusses on the Freudian notion that unconscious desires control the thoughts and actions
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) believed in a psychodynamic approach to psychology and focused on how the unconscious mind motivates the actions of a person. He believed that the psyche was divided into three parts (tripartite), the id, the ego and the superego, and all three develop at different stages in our lives. Whether we acknowledge the presence of this subconscious or not, it influences greatly the actions we engage in. The id (it), according to Freud, is the part of the brain that seeks pleasure, and is the most primitive part that makes up the personality. It holds all of our primal instincts and seeks immediate gratification.
Introduction This essay is based on the comparison of psychosexual theories of Sigmund Freud and psychosocial theory of Erik Erikson. In this essay, similarities and the differences between these two theories are explained and outlined. The two famous theories of development are Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory. Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory are two important theories on human growth and development. These theories are not only concerned with development of infants and children, they also emphasizes the development of adolescence, adulthood and entire life span.
The unconscious has still has it's place in psychoanalytic therapy but now biological predispositions, early childhood experiences play a vital role on how to treat psychopathology. Fonagy (2003) clearly stated that now we tend to focus more on the brain functioning on how neurons develop in order individuals to form relationships and how they affects the clients
Beck (2012), explain what separates psychodynamic theory from other theories and is unique and exclusive, is the concept of unconscious. Psychodynamic theories emphasize the importance of our unconscious mental life. In psychodynamic theory, emotions are data about the inner mental life, and it is in that perspective as the informants from the unconscious that emotions must be understood. Psychodynamics is a collective term for all the models and descriptions of the psyche that are primarily preoccupied with unconscious processes. Psychodynamic theory includes theoretical sub-disciplines about personality, development, groups, including social psychology, leadership, role, organization, and about phenomena such as resistance and relations.
FREUD’S PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT: ANAL STAGE Sigmund Freud who known as the father of psychoanalysis. “Psychoanaysis is a set of psychological and psychotherapeutic theories and associated techniques” . In psychoanaysis there are many theories about human mental development and personality theory also. Studies of Freud came from human mind and according to him human mind become of 3 part ; conscious and unconscious pre-conscious. The conscious is the foundation of human memory and everything that a human can think.
Developmental Theories Psychoanalytic was first discovered by Sigmund Freud which is a close look at the unconscious drives that make people do certain things or act a certain way. Freud was always talking about the way the mind worked because he believed our minds are responsible for the things we do weather we are conscious or unconscious. There are three characteristics according to Freud that made up a persons personality which are: The Id, ego, and the super ego. The Id is the part of the unconscious that attempts pleasure, which people seem to act out when the Id is not lined up with the ego or super ego. Ego, for us humans to keep a real sense on earth in reality we need ego in order to maintain a balance between pain and pleasure,
Freud suggested that the superego acts to perfect and civilize our behaviour and it suppress all unacceptable urges of the id while struggles to make the ego act upon idealistic standards, rather that upon realistic principles. The superego is present in the conscious, preconscious and unconscious. As far as toilet training is concerned, Freud had developed a theory of 'Psychosexual Development '. He developed and advanced this theory focussing on the effects of the sexual pleasure drive on a person’s emerging personality. According to this theory, parts of our personality develop as we move through a series of psychological stages.
In this article, the author comparing the counseling process and its outcome metaphorically to Freud 's psychosexual stage idea of personality progress. He focuses on similarities between the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages of both Freud 's idea and the counseling route, leading to fresh awareness into the nature of the counseling relationship. To define term of metaphora :"metaphors intend to suggest, and thus to reveal, certain images which enable us to see a likeness between initially different events"(Garcia, John L,2001). That is to explain this comparison is to prove how metaphors can be used to make uncertain experiences; and to offer an idea for refreshing the clinical perspective on the nature of the counseling relationship. Sigmund Freud, was one of the most influential people of the twentieth century ,he was the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior.