Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory Of Personality

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3. Psychoanalysis: A Synoptic View

3.1 Freudian Psychoanalytical Theory of Personality
Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory of personality argues that
Human behavior is the result of the interactions among three component parts of the mind: the id, ego and superego. Conflicts among the parts of the minds shape behavior and personality. These conflicts are mostly unconscious.
Psychoanalytic Theory is a framework for understanding the impact of the unconscious on thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Freud emphasizes the lasting impact of early childhood events and adult personality development.
Freud believed that the mind is made of two parts- the conscious mind and the unconscious mind- and that the unconscious mind often prompts people to make certain decisions even if they don’t recognize it on a conscious level.
Complementing the topographical model, Freud proposed a structural model of the mind that the mind includes three parts: id, ego, and superego. The id is unconscious and active at birth, and encompasses all of the instinctual and bodily wishes. It operates according to the “pleasure principle” which has as its sole goal the immediate gratification of all urges. The ego operates mostly out of the “reality principle”, which accounts for reality factors and social norms that
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