Sigmund Freud's Psychodynamic Dream Theory

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①The investigation of dreams has its long history all over the world. The mythologies of different cultures have various interpretations of dreams. It was commonly believed that dreams are important messages from higher powers. As humans’ understanding of the world progresses, more and more scientists have proposed the idea that dreams are meaningless and inexplicable. The debate on the meaning of dreams has never ceased. Sandor Ferenczi, an advocate of Sigmund Freud’s Psychodynamic Dream Theory, attempts to provide a psychological analysis of dreams by employing psychoanalysis in the article published approximately ten years after Freud’s discovery of the theory. According to Ferenczi, “dreams [are] the manifestations of mental life.”…show more content…
The article is a detailed examination of Freud’s Psychodynamic Dream Theory. Despite of the controversies it causes, the theory has helped to explain dreams in a logical way, and it has been proven to have remarkable clinical use. Feud concludes that a dream has both its manifest content and latent content. Dreams can reveal the hidden desire of humans, and childhood experiences can have a notable impact on dreams as well. They are usually wish-fulfilling. Association that links the manifest and latent contents of a dream would uncover the true thoughts of a human. Ferenczi also refutes the Activation-Synthesis Theory, which indicates dreams are the result of random neuron shootings. Many scientists, who believe dreams are meaningless, are supporters of the Activation-Synthesis Theory. The brain indeed has a great tendency to make sense of any stimuli it receives. When people are asleep, they can still receive sound and many other sensory information. Dreams, displayed as mental images, are the brain’s explanations of what is happening in a person’s surrounding during sleep. Nonetheless, this perception requires the brain to retrieve memories and meanwhile make the presentation appealing to the person’s desire. As a result, dreams cannot be a simple and arbitrary product, since the construction of dreams is a complex…show more content…
It is undeniable that people have different experiences and approaches of perceiving their environments, hence, the symbols in their dreams must have countless versions of interpretations. Furthermore, Ferenczi mentions in the article that the completeness of people’s recall about their dreams are not important, rather, only a few hardly noticeable images are crucial to dream analysis, such as the concert ticket. While deciding which objects or images are truly significant is a challenging work. Most importantly, most of the dreams are quickly forgotten, because the censor would become more active when people are awake, and it would erase the details of dreams that contain undesirable thoughts. The dreams later being recalled may lose their accuracy easily due to those facts. Nevertheless, Freud’s theory is revolutionary and it has laid the basis for further research on
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