Sigmund Freud's Psychoosexual Development

875 Words4 Pages
The theory of psychosexual development was presented by one of the most prominent psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and characterized how personality develops during the course of childhood. Whilst this theory is widely known in psychology, still, it is one of the most controversial. Freud believed that the individual develops via a series of childhood stages throughout which the energy of pleasure-seeking of the id is focused on certain erogenous areas. According to Freud, if all these stages are completed successfully, a healthy individual is a result. However, if the person will remain “stuck” on a certain stage, problems in future life may occur. This paper will focus on Freud 's psychosexual stages of development and possible effects due…show more content…
This stage is spanning from the age of eighteen months to three years. During this period, the child learns to use the toilet and the ability to restrain the urge to stool. The emergence of problems in the relationship between child and parents (for example, when some parents punish, ridicule or shame a child for any accidents) would lead to what is called anal-retentive personality. Freud believed that when an anal-retentive personality evolves, the individual may become too stringent, rigid, and obsessive if parents are too strict whether begin toilet training too…show more content…
At this stage, the child begins to learn own body, examines and touches own genitals, take an interest in matters relating to sexuality. Although their ideas about adult sexuality are usually vague, erroneous, inaccurate and highly articulated, Freud believed that the majority of children understand the nature of sexual relations more clearly than parents assume. The dominant conflict in the phallic stage is what Freud called the Oedipus complex (a similar conflict in girls called Electra complex). The Oedipus complex describes the feelings of the desire to possess the mother and to replace the father. The term Electra complex has been used in order to describe similar feelings experienced by young girls. However, when the girl comes into the phallic stage, she realizes that does not have a penis that can symbolize a lack of strength. The girl blames the mother as thinks that was born "defective". At the same time, the girl tends to possess her father, jealous that he has the power and the love of a mother. Women phallic fixation, as Freud pointed out, leads to the tendency to flirt, seduce, and to promiscuity, although they may sometimes seem naive and innocent sexually. The unresolved Oedipus complex Freud regarded as the main source of subsequent neurotic behaviors, especially those related to impotence and
Open Document