Basically, ‘The Uncanny’ is a psychoanalytic concept propounded by Sigmund Freud in his essay The Uncanny (1919) on the effects of the return of the repressed. In the essay, Freud indicates that things which are most terrifying to an individual are perceived in such a way because there used to be a time when these things were known and familiar to the person (p.195). By the time they resurface, they become strange producing horror and decay. Freud maintains that “the subject of the ‘uncanny’...belongs to all that arouses dread and creeping horror” (p.195). It is the dread which is the basis of
Sanity is a cozy Lie: From the perspective of R.D. Laing In his book ‘The Divided Self’ , R.D Laing aims to make ‘madness and the process of going mad understandable.’ While doing so, he puts sanity and madness on the same spectrum. He articulates that the degree of sanity or madness is dependent upon the relationship between the two parties. Understanding sanity in such a construct, the concept of sanity itself can be questioned. This paper substantiates that sanity is merely a façade by analyzing Laing’s text, ‘The existential-phenomenological foundations of understanding psychosis.’ R.D Laing wrote extensively on mental illness, and through his writings, his aversion towards psychopathology could be easily sensed.
Sigmund Freud believe that the unconscious “originates in early experience” and that personality is “strongly influenced by unconscious determinants” (Cloninger et al., p. 23). Based on this model of personality development, it would appear as if Jeffrey Dahmer was led by his Id impulses, in spite of his Superego’s attempts to restrain him. Jung would likely agree with Dahmer’s father that Jeffrey was, in fact, introverted throughout most of his life and Freud would want to explore just what happened to Jeffrey in his early childhood that was so incredibly traumatic. Freud would probably conclude that it was Jeffrey’s childhood hernia operation that was at the root of Dahmer’s pathological development. Could it be that Jeffrey had felt abandoned, abused and tortured when he was left at the hospital, not understanding what would be happening or why?
The Crucible by Arthur Miller is an incredibly complex play depicting the fictional events of the Salem Witch Trials. If one is to begin to dissect the contents of said play, you must look at it from a psychological point of view. Particularly, a view of Freudian psychology might provide insight as to why some characters made certain decisions and carried out the actions they did. Using a Freudian psychological lens to examine The Crucible, readers can take a closer look at the actions of John Proctor and Abigail Williams and form hypotheses as to their deeper motives. Before diving into a psychological analysis, Freudian methods must be explained.
Superego is a part of the brain or conscience that recognizes inappropriate behavior and also wants you to choose right over wrong. One of Freud’s theories is that the “Id – Ego combination dominates a person’s behavior until social awareness leads to the emergence of the superego, which recognizes that
The existence of the subconscious mind is widely believed to have been first discovered by Sigmund Freud (1900) . He stated that the subconscious mind is like a big storehouse for repressed desires that is exclusive to each individual and they’re shaped by your life experiences, your memories and beliefs that can’t be deliberately brought to surface. For example, our basic instinct like urges for aggression and sex are contained in the subconscious mind and do not reach our consciousness because we see them as unacceptable to our rational and conscious selves. They are a part of your mind that you can’t access by your own will, a portion of minds that sleeps within you but in some ways affect your thought processes, behaviours and actions in
Freud suggested that the superego acts to perfect and civilize our behaviour and it suppress all unacceptable urges of the id while struggles to make the ego act upon idealistic standards, rather that upon realistic principles. The superego is present in the conscious, preconscious and unconscious. As far as toilet training is concerned, Freud had developed a theory of 'Psychosexual Development '. He developed and advanced this theory focussing on the effects of the sexual pleasure drive on a person’s emerging personality. According to this theory, parts of our personality develop as we move through a series of psychological stages.
In 1923, Sigmund Freud proposed his theory that the make-up of an individual’s personality is largely governed by three fundamental components: the id, the ego, and the superego. Working through the unconscious and shaping behavior according to psychological fixations and conflicts or lack thereof, these elements evolve through five levels of psychosexual development (Freud, 1962). However, in spite of its compelling approach to the phenomenon, Freud’s structural theory of personality is riddled with limitations and as such, is subject to much criticism. The mind is layered into three states: the conscious, referring to the thoughts currently in our forefront; the preconscious, idle thoughts that can be easily accessed and brought to the conscious; and the unconscious, which houses the more instinctual drives that are repressed because it threatens the conscious’ equilibrium (Cloninger, 1996). Freud argues that the unconscious molds the personality as it accommodates the id, the ego, and superego (Freud, 1962).
Introduction Sigmund Freud is the great theorist of the mysteries of the human mind and a founder of the psychoanalysis theory which was formed in the 1800s, the theory is well known for accessing self-identity and the self in different ways in order to discover their different meaning, (Elliott, 2015). Buss (2008) states that Sigmund’s theory of Psychoanalysis offers a unique controversial insight into how the human mind works in a way that, this theory provided a new approach to psychotherapy, thus it means that it provided a new treatment for psychological problems that even highly qualified doctors couldn’t even cure. (Buss, 2008) According to Cloninger (2013), Erik Erikson on the other hand is the founder of the psychoanalytic-social Perspective which is mostly referred to as psychosocial development theory, Erikson became interested in child development when he met Anna Freud and he trained in psychoanalysis and with his Montessori diploma, he become one of the most influential psychologist of the 20th century. His theory describes eight stages of development that occurs in sequence throughout life and unlike Sigmund Freud’s theory, Erickson’s theory is more comprehensive because it encompasses cultural phenomena and mostly applied to therapy with Children and adolescence. (Cloninger, 2013) This essay explores Freud theory of Psychoanalysis and Erikson Psychosocial theory, analyzing, comparing and contrasting the two theories looking at the basic tenets and assumptions
Contrasting to Freud where he is quite phallo-centric in that he relates most of his ideas to the phallus, Lacan too describes the Oedipus Complex and castration as it’s not just to do with the presence or absence of the phallus, but that it is something to do with what is missing which leads him into discussing the desire, lack and the meaning of the symbolic phallus as a relationship between the mother, child, imaginary phallus as well as the name of the father in his didactic diagram ‘Schema R’ (cite). The imaginary phallus is the mother’s desire so far she seems to have it that the child tries to embody. So the child identifies with the imaginary phallus and tries to become the object of satisfaction of the mother. This is why the actual
By using treatment methods like dyadic developmental therapy, integrative play therapy, and parent skills training are all credible techniques to help build trust and attachment. These therapy treatments aim and encourage caregivers to provide a consistent and stable attachment with the child while providing a positive and stimulating interactive