The Psychoanalytic lens is a literary criticism which builds on the Freudian theories of Psychology. This theory argues that human behavior is the result of the interactions among three component parts of the mind: the id, ego, and superego. Id is defined as the impulsive and unconscious part of our psyche which responds directly and immediately to the instincts (3). Ego considers social realities and norms, etiquette and rules in deciding how to behave (3) and finally the foundation that ties the two is Super-Ego which aims for perfection. It comprises that part of the personality, mainly unconscious which includes the individual 's ego ideals, spiritual goals, and the conscience that criticises and prohibits ones drives, fantasies, feelings, and actions (3).
It is one of the main theories of Sigmund Fred, which is used highly in psychoanalytic therapies. Fred (1923) divided into three parts the id, ego and the superego, this are stages of growing from the time we are born. This stage takes place in different parts of our lives. As for the id (unconscious), it is from the time we were born, we are ruled by id. It is governed by Sex and Aggression, it has no morals or to know whether it is right or wrong.
Personality is, "the pattern of enduring characteristics that produce consistency and individuality in a given person" (pg. 438). In part, it is the behaviors that make us unique and set us apart from one another. It is also, what drives us to act consistently in a variety of settings. There are few different theories and approaches to understanding on personality and personality traits and why we behave the way we do Psychoanalytic theory is, Freud 's theory that, "unconscious forces act as determinants of personality" (pg.
The Psychoanalysis therapy is a clinical method by psychological means for treating psychopathology, problems of an emotional nature, which was founded by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), based on the characteristic of human behaviors. Freudian psychoanalysis is predicated on the assumption that everyone has a conscious and an unconscious mind. Our unconscious mind is where we keep feelings and memories too painful to be address consciously, which causes us to develop psychological defenses to prevent these unconscious feelings from spilling over into the conscious mind. Psychoanalysis therapy forces patients to delve into these unconscious feelings through investigating the interaction of the elements in the conscious and unconscious of the mind,
Skepticism, once again, would bring forth new theories that would leave individuals to never ending ponder. Sigmund Freud, the father of Psychoanalysis, was a well-known psychiatrist and neurologist during his time who was known for his influential theory of the unconscious mind. He believed that we are “humans governed by powerful, independent unconscious forces” (Davis, 2018). In one of his writings entitled, Some Elementary Lessons in Psychoanalysis, he goes on to explain a case involving his patient being hypnotized and completing a task that was ordered to him during his unconscious state. The idea Freud is trying to pinpoint is that, “We commonly fabricate reasons for our choices or deeds – reasons that conceal, not reveal, the underlying causes of our decisions or activities.” (Sigmund Freud, The Unconscious and Myth of Reason) To counteract this idea, “Enlightenment philosophers saw reason as having an equalizing effect on humanity, because everyone's thoughts and behavior would be guided by reason.
The psychoanalytic lens is a literary criticism which builds on the Freudian theories of psychology. This theory argues that human behavior is the result of the interactions among three component parts of the mind: the id, ego, and superego. Id is defined as the impulsive and unconscious part of our psyche which responds directly and immediately to the instincts (3). Ego considers social realities and norms, etiquette and rules in deciding how to behave (3) and finally the foundation that ties the two is Super-Ego which aims for perfection. It comprises that part of the personality, mainly unconscious which includes the individual 's ego ideals, spiritual goals, and the conscience that criticises and prohibits ones drives, fantasies, feelings, and actions (3).
The psychodynamic approach to leadership has its roots in Sigmund Freud´s (1938).Emotionally disturbed individuals and psychological theories of personality development form the basis of psychodynamic approach. One branch of psychodynamic theory is called psychohistory, which attempts to explain the behaviour of famous historical figures (in text citation Kets de Vries 1999). This approach gives importance making leader obtain good understanding on personality of oneself and to give importance and also encourages the group members to understand their personalities. This makes the team members to understand their reactions to the leader and each other. Important concepts in psychodynamic approach to leadership include e.g.
James split the self into two components, the objective self (me) and the subjective self (I). Poll and Smith (2003) remarked that psychodynamic theories place more emphasis on the objective self unlike James. The psychodynamic school was founded by Sigmund Freud and tries to explain individual’s personality and behaviour in terms of underlying conscious and unconscious forces. Thus, a strong emphasis is placed on the unconscious and childhood experiences as these are thought to help shape personality. Psychoanalytic Theory (S. Freud, 1900) The best-known psychodynamic theory of personality is S. Freud’s
Psychoanalytic Theoretical Views Name of theory: Psychoanalytic Theory Founder of the theory: Sigmund Freud View of human nature (include innate capacities/capabilities and motivational constructs): Sigmund Freud viewed human nature as being deterministic and influenced by both sexual energy and instincts (Corey, 2017). He further identifies that soon after birth instincts drive our desire and force internal motivations into the reality of which we live. Although unconscious desires are the driving forces of existence in the beginning, it does not remain the only force through out our lives. We begin to develop into a conscious being as we recognize the world around us. Our external world introduces the conscious mind by showing us moral code, paternal expectations, and presumptions of societal ideology.
There are key concepts of psychoanalytic therapy. Firstly, view of human nature (Corey, 2013, p. 58). It is fundamentally deterministic (Corey, 2013, p. 58). Instincts are the key to Freudian approach (Corey, 2013, p. 58). Though Freud primarily applied the word libido to relate to sexual energy, he widen it to involve in drives of all life instincts later.