Sigmund Freud's Stages Of Psychoosexual Development

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Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development Introduction The theory of psychosexual development was proposed by the famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and described how personality developed over the course of childhood In 1905, Freud published ‘Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality’. He broadened the definition of sexuality to include forms of pleasure that go beyond genital sexuality that established a developmental theory of childhood sexuality delineating the pathways of erotic activity from birth through puberty. In his theory he described a force by which the sexual instinct is represented in the mind known as Libido. However, the association of libido with sexuality is somewhat misleading as Freud 's intent was to encompass the general notion of pleasure, as well as sexuality, including both the physiological underpinnings and the mental representations. Throughout each of the psychosexual stages, specific erotogenic zones, when stimulated, give rise to erotic pleasure. The earliest manifestations of infantile sexuality- nonsexual- associated with bodily functions- feeding and bowel and bladder control. As the libidinal energy shifts from the oral zone to the anal zone to the phallic zone, each stage of development is thought to build on and to subsume the accomplishments of the preceding stage. Freud suggested that phallic erotic activity in boys is a preliminary stage leading to adult genital activity. Freud postulated that the female has two

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