We use defense mechanisms to shield ourselves from sentiments of nervousness or blame, which emerge on the grounds that we feel debilitated, or in light of the fact that our id or superego turns out to be excessively requesting. They are not under control, and are non-voluntarist. With the ego, our unconscious will use at least one to secure us when we come up against an upsetting circumstance in life and anxiety. The ego and the defense mechanism are common and typical. When they escape extent, depressions grow, for example, tension states, fears, fixations, or hysteria.
3. Psychological theories referred to main characters 3.1. Sigmund Freud: Psychodynamics Sigmund Freud, who lived from 1856 to 1939, was an Austrian neurologist and the primal father of psychology. He created an entirely new approach to understanding the human personality by separating the human conscious into three parts. Robert Louis Stevenson makes use of Freud’s theories.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a psychologist and a founder of psychoanalysis. Freud, known for his works and theories on dreams (The Interpretation of Dreams), lived through (the end of) the Enlightenment period and the Modernist period. The Enlightenment is noted to have ended around the 1810s, and while Freud had not been born yet for another forty-or-so years, he still grew up and developed under the ideas of the Enlightenment as he began to form his own. His most famous works were published during the period of Modernism. Modernism is ranged around the late 19th century into the early 20th century.
Contemplate for a moment, what it might be like to obtain freedom and choices in thoughts, feelings and behaviour... Whilst we may not be able to alter the environment or situation, which stimulates negative thoughts and emotions, we are capable of learning how to alter our responses to it, developing and strengthening our coping ability and psychological resilience in lasting ways. Gaining freedom from negative, unhelpful thoughts has life changing consequences, enhancing enjoyment of life,
This research is essentially guided by the psychoanalytic concepts of Abjection and The Uncanny propounded by Julia Kristeva (1982) and Sigmund Freud (1919) respectively. These concepts complement each other on the different analytical aspects of the texts under study. In some stages of the study, the analysis is reinforced by Propp (1968)’s narratological functions to examine the textual narrative processes that generate a horror world. An overview of these concepts is therefore necessary in order to understand how they relate to the texts the study is concerned with.
Lastly, there is the ego, the balance between the id and superego. The ego represents reality. Focusing on Victor Frankenstein and the monster he created, one can better understand their personalities by examining the three parts of their subconscious; and determining parallels between the two characters. Victor Frankenstein’s id is shown primarily at the beginning of the novel; he creates the monster because he wants to and he doesn’t consider the repercussions that would follow. The id is known as the “inner child,” there is no sense of consciousness when you’re satisfying the id. One whose id is superior simply does what they want to do.
Descartes’ Rationalism vs Locke’s Empiricism John Locke and René Descartes were both seventeenth-century philosophers. They are considered to be some of the first modern philosophers. Locke and Descartes both sought to better understand and define the idea of self, seen in the debate between mind and body. Along with that, they sought to define the knowledge and where one acquires knowledge.
And Psychoanalytic Theory is a framework for understanding the impact of the unconscious on thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Freud emphasizes the lasting impact of early childhood events and adult personality development. And Freud believed that the mind is made of two parts- the conscious mind and the unconscious mind- and that the unconscious mind often prompts people to make certain decisions even if they don’t recognize it on a conscious level. Complementing the topographical model, Freud proposed a structural model of the mind that the mind includes three parts: id, ego, and superego.
Introduction Sigmund Freud is the great theorist of the mysteries of the human mind and a founder of the psychoanalysis theory which was formed in the 1800s, the theory is well known for accessing self-identity and the self in different ways in order to discover their different meaning, (Elliott, 2015). Buss (2008) states that Sigmund’s theory of Psychoanalysis offers a unique controversial insight into how the human mind works in a way that, this theory provided a new approach to psychotherapy, thus it means that it provided a new treatment for psychological problems that even highly qualified doctors couldn’t even cure. (Buss, 2008) According to Cloninger (2013), Erik Erikson on the other hand is the founder of the psychoanalytic-social Perspective which is mostly referred to as psychosocial development theory, Erikson became interested in child development when he met Anna Freud and he trained in psychoanalysis and with his Montessori diploma, he become one of the most influential psychologist of the 20th century.