PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY The word psychodynamic means to a large group of theories that affects the It is a way that tells that personality of the mind exists in the conscious, subconscious and unconscious states like the unconscious wishes, feelings and thoughts. This theory is presented by Sigmund Freud in which he mentions that personality contains three components which are the id, the ego and the superego. These all work collaboratively in order to make complex human behaviours. Id is associated with the way of thinking or the natural ability and the crave for pleasure. Ego is associated with the intervene in the agreement among them with the need of the reality.
Personality is, "the pattern of enduring characteristics that produce consistency and individuality in a given person" (pg. 438). In part, it is the behaviors that make us unique and set us apart from one another. It is also, what drives us to act consistently in a variety of settings. There are few different theories and approaches to understanding on personality and personality traits and why we behave the way we do Psychoanalytic theory is, Freud 's theory that, "unconscious forces act as determinants of personality" (pg.
Even though many divergent psychodynamic theories exist, they all stress unconscious motivations and desires, in addition to the importance of childhood experiences in shaping their personalities. Freud also proposed there were ways that we dealt with those theories called defense mechanisms. He believed we must learn to deal with the anxiety that comes from sources in the external world and conflict within one’s own mind. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, Freud established a method that he called psychoanalysis and he used it to treat mental disorders. He shaped his theory of psychoanalysis by observing his patients.
There is an interminable fight between the desire and the defense mechanism. We use defense mechanisms to shield ourselves from sentiments of nervousness or blame, which emerge on the grounds that we feel debilitated, or in light of the fact that our id or superego turns out to be excessively requesting. They are not under control, and are non-voluntarist. With the ego, our unconscious will use at least one to secure us when we come up against an upsetting circumstance in life and anxiety. The ego and the defense mechanism are common and typical.
Jung’s position on the unconscious was divided into the ego, the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious. To Jung, the ego is the conscious which included the personal unconscious, recalled and suppressed memories, and the collective unconscious, the experiences as a species or knowledge that was always known. On the other hand, Freud believed the unconscious mind was the epicentre of repressed thoughts such as traumatic memories, and what drove it was sex and aggression. He declared that the human mind centres upon three structures: the id, the ego, and the superego. Thus in the opinion of Jung, the human psyche are not forced through sex and aggression and the unconscious mind exhibits itself in the conscious
High ego strength forms healthy personalities whilst low ego strength shapes maladaptive personalities. Freud’s theory faced controversy, specifically in the research methods and area of focus. This essay first elaborates Freud’s perception of personality, followed by evaluation of Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality. In the Structural Model, Freud divided human mind into three theoretical constructs: pleasure-seeking id, realistic ego and moralistic superego; each agency has distinct roles, components and principles (Carducci, 2009). Furthermore, agencies operate at different levels of awareness.
It appears to be a useful tool for recounting the behaviour of pseudo-agents which behaves ‘as if’ they had minds. Existing as an intentional system is essential but it is also crucial to grasp that it is an insufficient condition for having a mind because there are many things like thermostats which are describable using this
According to Sigman Freud, the first key concepts to Psychoanalytic Therapy is Personality Construction. Personality Construction consists of the Id, Ego and Superego. Every individual consist of these elements of personality. The Id is driven by pleasure principal. The Ego operates on reality principal and thinks logically.
Lutz and Huitt also claimed that episodic memory is just like the personal video of important parts of lives and it is difficult to inject into a concept. After that is procedural memory. Lutz and Huitt states that procedural memory is where a person remembers a process or method of doing or operating certain stuff. This memory is focuses on visual and context information as it captures the photographs (Lutz & Huitt, 2003). Besides, memory can be implicit or explicit.
Erikson argues that the “Ego” introduces the individual whole personality more than the “Id” though it is divided into two parts, one is conscious and the other is unconscious (Fleming, 2004). He claims that even though the Ego plays the role of guardsman in arresting the “Id” illicit impulses and the “Superego” serves, the “Ego” has its independent life (ibid.). Erikson proposed a theory of psychological and identity development that he called “Psychosocial Development”, which emphasizes how individual’s interactions with others influence the development of his/her identity. Erikson’s theory focuses on different stages in one’s life and the relationship that people have with other people in each stage from infancy through old age. Each stage in this theory contains what Erikson terms a “crisis”, this crisis consists of interactions with others and through that interaction certain attributes and virtues are developed.