If the external environment remains the same, a man will not act or behave differently at different points of time, especially when things go wrong – the blame game. The reason is that when we do something that causes negative consequences, we actually feel less responsible for our actions. Not only that, we see the entire interaction differently than we would if our actions had yielded a more positive result. Contrary as it seems, the blame game is not a new phenomenon. Behavior experts have long noticed that people shift responsibility to others or to conditions and circumstances when things go sour.
However, in this essay, I will only deal with the three prominent theories, which are, Psychoanalytic theory, Behavioral theory and Humanistic theory. The first part of this essay will evaluate the Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytical theory defined and evaluated the development and structure of personality. Freud believed human nature is mostly easily determinable. People were helped to gain an insight into their unconscious thoughts by making them conscious which made easy the release
No matter how great your social skills are and how smoothly you talk, if you're not confident in your skin and don't genuinely care about the person you're talking, you won't be able to make a meaningful connection and leave a lasting impression. How you feel is much more important than how you want to be perceived. You can learn canned phrases, or practice certain body language moves, but whoever you're talking to will be able to tell that you're faking it and will feel uncomfortable. I always thought that I needed to know exactly what to say and how to behave, to be successful in a social interaction, but that's just wrong. There's something much more important that you need if you want to leave a good impression.
Looking up to other members can ease fears, but take note that these people are not always right. People must be careful as experts or professionals can make errors too. Normative Conformity Normative social influence occurs when one conforms to be liked or accepted by the members of the
It refers to the feelings people develop concerning the level of control over their destinies. People with internal locus of control are more likely to take responsibility for their actions, usually have a strong sense of self-efficacy. Whereas, people with external locus of control blame outside forces for their circumstances, do not believe that they can change their situation through their own efforts, and frequently feel hopeless or powerless in the face of difficult
They also believe that the desires and wishes that are not socially acceptable and disturbing are hidden in the unconscious mind. The contents are so powerful that they are kept out of awareness (McLeod, 2009). As we grow, our parents and the society inculcate good values into us. Therefore, other parts of our personality that is the ego and superego begin to develop. (Heffner, n.d.).
James split the self into two components, the objective self (me) and the subjective self (I). Poll and Smith (2003) remarked that psychodynamic theories place more emphasis on the objective self unlike James. The psychodynamic school was founded by Sigmund Freud and tries to explain individual’s personality and behaviour in terms of underlying conscious and unconscious forces. Thus, a strong emphasis is placed on the unconscious and childhood experiences as these are thought to help shape personality. Psychoanalytic Theory (S. Freud, 1900) The best-known psychodynamic theory of personality is S. Freud’s
One cannot interpret the content of a dream without knowing about the person’s circumstances. Freud 's theory is good at explaining but not at predicting behavior. For this reason Freud 's theory can neither be proved true nor refuted. 2. AS AN ACCIDENTAL EPIPHENOMENON An alternative theory is the activation synthesis of dream formation.
in my view, Malcolm X life can help the other people to understand well about the meaning of hardship in life. People are struggle to gain wealth but without realize, there are people who struggle to just gain freedom and right to voice out the mind and all they need is their voice being listen by other people around them. The conception used in the story has motivate me to acknowledge the life well and see the past as the experience and teacher to change the present and future. The biggest lesson that I learn through reading this awesome book is a good mind possess a kingdom. It means that intellectual assets are important than material ones.
According to Janis (1972), the illusion of invulnerability is the group mentality that a certain decision cannot be wrong. This illusion makes the members of the faction neglect the obvious dangers of their decision due to having excess optimism and confidence in their ability (Janis, 1972). To prevent this symptom, it is important for the group to involve experts who can evaluate the risks of its bad decisions and assist it in making more informed verdicts. 2. According to Janis (1972), the group may be inclined to believe in the morality of their group and make them ignore the moral and ethical consequences of the decisions they make.