Sigmund Freud's Theory Of Personality

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Personality is defined as “consistent behavior patterns and interpersonal process originating within individual” (Burger). At the ancient period Hippocrates- 400BC, Plato-, Theophrastus explained about personality types. The psychodynamic perspective, the neo- psychoanalytic perspective, the behaviorist perspective, type theories of personality, the humanistic perspective, biological approach and the trait theories are the major perspectives using in personality.
Sigmund Freud, the father of psychology was the first psychologist, who proposed theories about the nature of the personality (psychoanalysis). Freud was an Austrian neurologist who was born on the 6th of May 1856 to Jewish parents in Moravia. (www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/freud_sigmund.shtml) Freud’s most of the theories were built based on studies of the hysterical patient, Anna O. Anna O. Was under hypnosis treatments by a physician, Joseph Breuer. Freud used hypnosis and free association (the method which is allowed to express the things in the patient’s mind) to treat the patients.
Freud proposed five theories to explain the nature of the personality: Topographical model, Structural model, Libido and Thanatos, defense mechanism, psychosexual stages. In Topographical model, Freud introduced three sections of human personality. The conscious, The preconscious, and The unconscious. The conscious mind is aware about the present situation in the outer world and changes continuously with thoughts.
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