When he was four years old his family moved to Vienna. In 1938 the Nazis seized Austria, and Freud, who was Jewish, left for England. He was a doctor of medicine. He was appointed a university lecturer in neuropathology and was completely fascinated with neurosis which was considered as a person who had a fear of objects that aren’t dangerous and couldn’t harm you. Examples of this being Clowns, eyes, cotton wool or for Freud himself, travel.
PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY The word psychodynamic means to a large group of theories that affects the It is a way that tells that personality of the mind exists in the conscious, subconscious and unconscious states like the unconscious wishes, feelings and thoughts. This theory is presented by Sigmund Freud in which he mentions that personality contains three components which are the id, the ego and the superego. These all work collaboratively in order to make complex human behaviours. Id is associated with the way of thinking or the natural ability and the crave for pleasure. Ego is associated with the intervene in the agreement among them with the need of the reality.
(Names, dates) Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) along with his friend the doctor Josef Breuer publised a book called Studies in Hysteria (1895) based in The case of Anna O (real name Bertha Pappenheim) this case marked a turning point in the career of him. It even went on to influence the future direction of psychology as a whole. Freud proposed that physical symptoms are often the surface manifestations of deeply repressed conflicts. However, Freud was not just advancing an explanation of a particular illness. Implicitly he was proposing a revolutionary new theory of the human psyche itself.
INTRODUCTION OF THE THEORY Cognitive dissonance theory is a theory that developed by Leon Festinger in the year of 1957. Leon Festinger was an American social psychologist. He is well known for cognitive dissonance and social comparison theory. He was born in Brooklyn New York City on May 8, 1919. Leon Festinger finished his high school life in Boy’s High School in Brooklyn and finished his degree in psychology in City College of New York in 1939.
The psychoanalytic theory is the brainchild of Sigmund Freud. It was developed in the late 19th century. In his theory he argues that childhood is the main determinant of how an individual’s personality is developed. Freud claims that personality is developed when a person is in their childhood and this continues to be shaped through five psychosexual stages. In each stage, the child is faced with the conflict between biological urges and social expectations and the how they handle the conflict affects their personality when they become fully mature.
Sigmund Freud has contributed many ways and theories to understand humans childhood, personality, memory, sexuality and therapy. In 2001 Time Magazine referred to Freud as one of the most important thinkers of the last century. The first key concept of Psychoanalytic therapy will be human nature. Freud’s perspective of human instinct being deterministic is one of them. The term deterministic or determinism in short intends to be conceived with it, Corey (2009) expressed that "as indicated by Freud, our conduct is controlled by unreasonable powers, oblivious inspirations, and organic and instinctual drives" So Sigmund Freud thought that there is no such thing as human mischance and that future occasion are a consequence of past activity.
In the other aspect of Freud work was his theory on the psychosexual stages McLeod (2008), states that in 1905 Freud proposed the psychological development in childhood takes place in a series of fixed stages, the reason why it is called psychosexual stages is because each stage represents the fixation of libido on a different area of the body (McLeod, Psychosexual: Simple Psychology, 2008). Freud stressed that the first five year of life are crucial to the formation of adult personality, if each stages are not controlled properly it can cause a conflict at each stage of the psychosexual stage, if these conflicts are not resolved before the individual can successfully advance to the next stage (McLeod, Psychosexual: Simple Psychology, 2008). Both frustration and overindulgence may lead to what psychoanalysts call fixation refers to the theoretical notion that a portion of the individual libido has been permanently invested in a particular stage to his development (McLeod, Psychosexual: Simple Psychology, 2008). The first stage in the psychosexual stages of development is the Oral stage, Freud went on to describe this stage which occurs during the ages of 0-1 years when the libido is centered in a baby 's mouth where it gets much satisfaction from putting all sorts of things in its mouth to satisfy the libido which is the demand from the id (McLeod, Psychosexual: Simple Psychology, 2008). Freud said Oral stimulation could lead to an oral fixation later in life which are
Freud’s theory of personality and psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud (6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an neurologist and also known as the father of psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud explored the human mind and developed some of the most influential theories in modern psychology and psychoanalysis. He developed a topographical model of the mind, whereby he described the features of the mind’s structure and function. For Freud, the mind is best conceptualized in three distinct components, the conscious, preconscious and unconscious. 1.
High ego strength forms healthy personalities whilst low ego strength shapes maladaptive personalities. Freud’s theory faced controversy, specifically in the research methods and area of focus. This essay first elaborates Freud’s perception of personality, followed by evaluation of Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality. In the Structural Model, Freud divided human mind into three theoretical constructs: pleasure-seeking id, realistic ego and moralistic superego; each agency has distinct roles, components and principles (Carducci, 2009). Furthermore, agencies operate at different levels of awareness.
Psychoanalysis is a method of therapy that originated by famous Austrian physician, Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis studies the mind, and treating the mental and emotional disorders by using techniques such as free association, dream interpretation and analysis of transference to investigate the underlying motives of unconscious minds. According to Lapsley, D. K., & Stey, P.C. (2012) Encyclopedia of Human Behavior (Second edition), one of the major concepts of psychoanalytic therapy is the construction of human personality, which consists of id, ego and superego. Id is the newborn’s reservoirs and it is instinctual driven.