Freud's Iceberg Theory

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Despite the common perception of Sigmund Freud's findings, there is no doubt that he enormously affected the field of psychology. His work upheld the conviction that not every single dysfunctional behavior has physiological causes and he additionally offered prove that cultural differences affect psychology and human conduct. His work and compositions added to our comprehension of identity, clinical psychology, human advancement, and abnormal psychology. Some of his works include research on hysteria, the unconscious mind, psyche, defense mechanism, dream analysis, psychosexual stages and so on. 1. The first idea suggested by Freud was that that physical symptoms are often due to the hidden repressed conflicts. Through this idea he proposed…show more content…
Based on the first idea, his second theory stated the ideas about unconscious mind. He developed a topographical model of the mind, through which he explained the features and functions of our brain. He stated that there were three main parts of our brain, which could be explained through an iceberg. On the surface of the iceberg is consciousness, which consists of those thoughts that are very obvious to us and we focus most on. Second is the preconscious or the middle of iceberg, which consists of all which can be retrieved from memory. The final and most inner layer of iceberg is most important because it consist of all unconscious and hidden thoughts which are the real cause of most behavior. Sigmund Freud stressed the significance of the unconscious mind, and an essential assumption of Freud's theory is that it governs behavior to much greater extent than an individual can assume. Indeed, the goal of psychoanalysis is to make the unconscious…show more content…
Freud later also developed a more structural model of the mind consisting of three main parts; id, ego and superego. These were hypothetical conceptualizations of important mental functions not some physical areas within the brain. First part the ID worked at the unconscious level for two main instincts. Life instinct and the death instincts. While the life one was to helps the individual to survive and help in life-sustaining activities such as respiration, eating and sex the death one was a set of destructive forces present in all human beings. When this energy is directed outward onto others, it is expressed as aggression and violence. Then came the EGO. It develops from the id during infancy. The ego's goal is likely to fulfill the requests of the id in a socially worthy way. Rather than ID, EGO is more into reality as it follows both conscious and unconscious mind. Third comes the superego which develops during early adolescence and is in charge of guaranteeing moral behavior. The superego works on the ethical standard and inspires us to carry on in a socially capable and worthy
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