Sigmund Freud's Theory Of Psychoosexual Development

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Introduction The history of psychology —like the history of the twentieth century —could not be written without discussing the contributions of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939). Both supporters and critics of his theory of personality regard it as a revolutionary milestone in the history of human thought (Robinson, 1993). Sigmund Freud 's theory of psychosexual development is based on the idea that parents play a crucial role in managing their children 's sexual and aggressive drives during the first few years of life to foster their proper development. Freud 's structural model posits that personality consists of three interworking parts: the id, the ego, and the superego. The five stages of Freud 's psychosexual theory of development include the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages. According to his theory, each stage of psychosexual development must be met successfully for proper development; if we lack proper nurturing and parenting during a stage, we may become stuck in, or fixated on, that stage. Psychoanalysis focused on early childhood, postulating that many of the conflicts which arise in the human mind develop in the first years of a person 's life. Freud demonstrated this in his theory of psychosexuality, in which the libido (sexual energy) of the infant progressively seeks

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