High ego strength forms healthy personalities whilst low ego strength shapes maladaptive personalities. Freud’s theory faced controversy, specifically in the research methods and area of focus. This essay first elaborates Freud’s perception of personality, followed by evaluation of Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality. In the Structural Model, Freud divided human mind into three theoretical constructs: pleasure-seeking id, realistic ego and moralistic superego; each agency has distinct roles, components and principles (Carducci, 2009). Furthermore, agencies operate at different levels of awareness.
Sigmund Freud believes that our behavior is motivated by the unconscious which is part of our personality that contains our memories, knowledge, beliefs, and feelings. Freud’s most important idea was the human personality has more than one attitude, he believes our soul and personality are divided into three parts, the id, the ego, and the super ego. The id is the basic component of personality,
In his theory of dissociation he stated that: “The nature of conscious activity, especially partial automatism in which a part of one's personality is split off from self-awareness and follows an autonomous subconscious development”. Janet’s theory of the subconscious can be compared to Freud’s theory which is: “the unconscious mind governs behavior to a greater degree than people suspect”. Although there’re differences in the two theories, the main idea still remains, that the subconscious mind comprises thoughts inaccessible to the consciousness but to some extent, affect our behaviours personalities. Carl Jung (1953) also arrived at the same theory as Freud regarding the subconscious mind . However, there is a major difference between Jung and Freud’s model of the unconsciousness.
Rather than focusing on interpersonal behavior, however, Jung defined introversion as an "attitude-type characterized by orientation in life through subjective psychic contents" (focus on one 's inner psychic activity); and extraversion as "an attitude type
But this cognitive perspective is still not sufficient to understand why people behave the way they do. A theory of personality structure, that guides human vitality in certain ways, is required. A theoretical framework of emotional intelligence should take into account human personality and its implications. As Saarni (2000) mentioned “it is surprisingly that emotional intelligence has often been defined without reference to the ethical values of one's ego identity and an individual’s developmental history, as if the human personality was completely flat”. Finally, manifest behaviors should be analyzed and a theory of performance is needed in order to understand how people express emotions in their specific context and
Funder (1987) further stated this to be the most applicable explanation of human judgement. In addition, funder (1987) regarded accuracy as an issue of content rather than process. Ross and Nisbett (1991) have been documented in saying that our social perceptions are inaccurate. These two scholars are of the belief that the inaccuracy of social perceptions are of a result of dispositionalism, as people make inaccurate assumptions about others behaviour based on past experiences and personality traits, neglecting the power of situation
3. Psychoanalysis: A Synoptic View 3.1 Freudian Psychoanalytical Theory of Personality Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory of personality argues that Human behavior is the result of the interactions among three component parts of the mind: the id, ego and superego. Conflicts among the parts of the minds shape behavior and personality. These conflicts are mostly unconscious.
In 1923, Sigmund Freud proposed his theory that the make-up of an individual’s personality is largely governed by three fundamental components: the id, the ego, and the superego. Working through the unconscious and shaping behavior according to psychological fixations and conflicts or lack thereof, these elements evolve through five levels of psychosexual development (Freud, 1962). However, in spite of its compelling approach to the phenomenon, Freud’s structural theory of personality is riddled with limitations and as such, is subject to much criticism. The mind is layered into three states: the conscious, referring to the thoughts currently in our forefront; the preconscious, idle thoughts that can be easily accessed and brought to the conscious; and the unconscious, which houses the more instinctual drives that are repressed because it threatens the conscious’ equilibrium (Cloninger, 1996).
Freud suggested that the superego acts to perfect and civilize our behaviour and it suppress all unacceptable urges of the id while struggles to make the ego act upon idealistic standards, rather that upon realistic principles. The superego is present in the conscious, preconscious and unconscious. As far as toilet training is concerned, Freud had developed a theory of 'Psychosexual Development '. He developed and advanced this theory focussing on the effects of the sexual pleasure drive on a person’s emerging personality.
Would we say that someone who has known nothing but abuse since birth wouldn 't be worth rescuing since, because of their lack of positive experiences, didn 't experience any negative experiences either? Is there any reason to believe that this alleged relationship between positive and negative experiences isn 't