Sigmund Freud's Theory Of The Unconscious Mind

1033 Words5 Pages
The principle that him apply is the psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior.
Psychoanalysis is often known as the talking cure. Typically Freud would encourage his patients to talk freely (on his famous couch) regarding their symptoms, and to describe exactly what was on their mind.
The Unconscious Mind
Freud (1900, 1905) developed a topographical model of the mind, whereby he described the features of the mind’s structure and function. Freud used the analogy of an iceberg to describe the three levels of the mind.
• Consciousness: which consists of those thoughts that are the focus of our attention now, and this is seen as the tip of the iceberg.
• Preconscious: consists of all
…show more content…
(Names, dates)
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) along with his friend the doctor Josef Breuer publised a book called Studies in Hysteria (1895) based in The case of Anna O (real name Bertha Pappenheim) this case marked a turning point in the career of him. It even went on to influence the future direction of psychology as a whole. Freud proposed that physical symptoms are often the surface manifestations of deeply repressed conflicts. However, Freud was not just advancing an explanation of a particular illness. Implicitly he was proposing a revolutionary new theory of the human psyche itself.
Freud is the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior. In 1900 to 1905 develop a topographical model of the mind, and the theory of psychosexual develoment and of the Oedipus complex. Freud in 1923 developed a more structural model of the mind comprising the entities id, ego and superego (what Freud called “the psychic apparatus”). These are not physical areas within the brain, but rather hypothetical conceptualizations of important mental functions.
Typically Freud would encourage his patients to talk freely (on his famous couch) regarding their symptoms, and to describe exactly what was on their
…show more content…
This is not because we are deliberately lying. Whilst human beings are great deceivers of others, they are even more adept at self- deception. Our rationalizations of our conduct are therefore disguising the real reasons.
Freud’s life work was dominated by his attempts to find ways of penetrating this often subtle and elaborate camouflage that obscures the hidden structure and processes of personality.

Freud’s lexicon has become embedded within the vocabulary of western society. Words he introduced through his theories are now used by everyday people, such as anal (personality), libido, denial, repression, cathartic, Freudian slip, and neurotic.

Freud (1900) considered dreams to be the royal road to the unconscious as it is in dreams that the ego 's defenses are lowered so that some of the repressed material comes through to awareness, albeit in distorted form. Dreams perform important functions for the unconscious mind and serve as valuable clues to how the unconscious mind operates.
Freud 's theory is good at explaining but not at predicting behavior, which is one of the goals of
Open Document