Psychoanalytic therapy is the still an effective therapy and intervention today as it is found by theories of Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud is one of the forefathers of psychology and the founder of psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud laid the foundation for psychotherapy with human behaviour, the role of the conscious, unconscious, subconscious and other several major concepts. Psychotherapy is a treatment used by a professional to establish a relationship with a client with the objective of finding out the disturbed pattern of behaviour. Psychoanalytic therapy takes a look at the unconscious mind by using different techniques and looking at your childhood to define some of the behaviour that you’re behaving.
Freeing artists from traditional painting and sculpture, surrealism was an art movement founded in Paris in 1924 .Inner thoughts were explored, the subconscious and the imagination were the main tools used to create a new surreal world based on these suppressed thoughts and fantasies. Surrealism was a reflection of Freud’s study of psychoanalysis, in which he provides an explanation on how dreams are sources of knowledge and shows the battle between conscious ideas and unconscious hidden desires. Surrealist artists were inspired to explore this dark thread and uncover the mysterious world of desires and fantasies. This art movement evolved and spread to other countries continuing throughout the 20th century. Salvador Dali, a Spanish painter,
They sought out children's art, "primitive" art and "outsider" art such as the art made by patients in mental institutions, to stoke the fires of their almost incoherent inventions. Today, we associate the word "surreal" with strange juxtapositions or absurd combinations, like those experienced in dreams. This is exactly what Surrealists wanted to represent, putting unrelated subject matter together in one painting or by completely letting go and letting automatism take over in their works. Metamorphosis of Narcissus by Salvador Dali was a great example of this movement. Dali incorporated many techniques seen in Surrealism such as decalcomania in this work.
According to Freud 's theory of psychoanalysis, psychoanalyst divides t he mind in three things: id, ego and superego. This is according to Foucault 's Scientific Division of the mind on psychoanalysis or any trauma. Psychoanalyst considers this as a psychological problem rooted in the unconscious mind of the patient and treat him in a particular manner so that the restrained dissension of the patient can be bought back to the consciousness. In Freud 's therapy of treating a patient starts by asking him to lie down on the couch and relax. Then he asks the patients to tell him ab out his dreams and childhood because according to his theory on Dreams(explained above), Dreams helps to understand one 's personality.
Consequently, classical psychoanalysis was criticized and rejected by many scholars. Nonetheless, it had a significant impact on new theories that were later developed. In the mid to late 1900’s, a second wave of psychoanalytic theories were introduced. These new theories branched from Freud’s original idea that an individual’s behavior and personality are largely shaped by underlying unconscious forces, however, the second wave was modified to be more sophisticated and dynamic. The wide majority of Freud’s followers had no problem accepting the idea that conflicts during infancy affect the experiences of an adult, thus, affecting their future personality features.
Edgar Allan Poe wrote many thrilling and allegorical short stories, which are very similar to each other when closely looked at.“Hop-Frog” and “The Cask of Amontillado” are two very intriguing stories that have many similarities and few differences; in the end, it is revealed that the themes are strikingly similar. These two thrilling stories reveal that the unstable trait that is pride has many detrimental effects. Pride is what drove Montresor and Hop-Frog to kill their oppositions. Characters and Conflict Both stories share characters and conflicts that are alike in many ways and different in few. For instance, in “The Cask of Amontillado,” there is a man by the name of Montresor, whose pride has been injured.
A client needed to work with the therapist to ‘decode’ the dreams and gain access on one’s “repressed” information about self. Carl Gustav Jung (1875- 1961) was a “Neo- Freudian”. Though he agreed with some parts of Freud’s work, he rejected and modified other portions. Jung disagreed with Freud’s idea that dreams contained hidden meanings that needed to be interpreted, i.e. he rejected the idea of a “manifest content”.
ARTISTS ON ART Naomi Katherina Richmond ¬ SALVADOR DALI the artist in retrospect considering his personal memoirs Salvador Dali is largely recognized as the master and founding father of the Surrealist movement. An artist who constructed ‘mental windows’ into dreamlike alter realities implementing the methods of old masters while translating theories cohesive with French philosopher Henri Bergson on canvas. Dali has largely been considered a complex and intellectual individual, with extreme views and an eccentric personality. Many scholars have examined his work considering concepts surrounding theories of perception, psychology and language. O.B.
Jung’s ideas on what the hidden messages behind dreams mean. According to Jung, “Our darkest dreams might contain imagery that illustrate our internal conflicts and point to their cure as well” (Para. 8). In order to test his theory, Jung experimented by dialoguing his fantasy and dream images as if they were real life characters in the day-world. Jung called this process “active imagination.” In his autobiography Memories, Dreams, Reflections Jung wrote in detail about his actual experience and how he merged his terrifying encounters with his psyche to create his lasting theories about conscious and unconscious ideas.
Rather, it's a technique for putting someone or yourself into a state of concentration where you are more suggestible and thus more open to messages about breaking bad habits or changing in other positive ways. Along with hypnosis, there is a therapy for it that is called, hypnotherapy. Hypnotherapy is the application of any therapeutic process or tool in conjunction with hypnosis. Since in a hypnotic state the subconscious mind is more receptive, a therapist is able to suggest ideas, concepts and lifestyle adaptations to the client. These act like seeds which become firmly planted in the subconscious mind.