Psychosocial theories "work from the viewpoint that deviant sexual behavior is a response to external factors and that there is an interconnection between psychological and sociological variables that influence sexual behavior. Sexual behavior is a learned response to particular conditions, and deviant sexual behavior is the outcome of inappropriate socialization. This may result from personal experiences, such as childhood sexual abuse, or be influenced by general factors, such as pornography." Alcoholic and explosive caregivers raised Aileen, that behavior was later reflected in Aileen herself. At a very young age, she became pregnant after being raped by one of her grandfather's friend.
Psychoanalysis of the Wizard of Oz Of the many literary theories that have come about over the years, one of the most interesting is the idea of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis was first introduced in the 1880s by Sigmund Freud, he claimed that unconscious desires were the reasoning behind most behavioral problems. Furthermore, Freud speculated that one’s subconscious desires were influenced by what happened in one’s childhood ("Purdue OWL: Literary Theory and Schools of Criticism", 2018). Freud also said that children go through various stages of development where they focus on one body part or another, such as the oral or anal stage, and that children may fixate on their parent of the opposite sex, known as the Oedipus Complex ("Purdue OWL: Literary Theory and Schools of Criticism", 2018). After reading about psychoanalysis it is easy to apply the theory to one of the most beloved movies of all time, The Wizard of Oz.
According to this theory, parts of our personality develop as we move through a series of psychological stages. Each of these stages is characterised by different demands for sexual gratification and by different methods of achieving that gratification. Freud claimed that if, as growing human beings, we do not receive an appropriate amount of gratification, we may become fixated in a particular stage which means, that we continue to have the same demands for gratification that we had at that stage, and this will remain with us for the rest of our lives, and will affect adult behaviour. What follows are the individual stages: Oral stage (birth to about 15 months) characteristic by oral stage drives. A baby is governed only by its drives and only the id is present at this stage.
1. Freud would explain the personality difference between Mike and Marty Scanlon using the psychoanalytic theory, a mapping the unconscious mind. Where he argued that most behavior is motivated or a result of the unconscious. This is the part of the personality which contains urges, drives, beliefs, feelings, memories, knowledge and instincts totally unaware of by the individual. Another explanation from Freud in terms of personality differences is that Mike had a fixation in the development of one of the five psychosexual stages namely the phallic stage which is the period beginning around age three where the pleasure of a child is focused on genitals and they unconsciously harbor sexual interest in their mother, sees their father as their rival and even wishes to kill him.
Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development Introduction The theory of psychosexual development was proposed by the famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and described how personality developed over the course of childhood In 1905, Freud published ‘Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality’. He broadened the definition of sexuality to include forms of pleasure that go beyond genital sexuality that established a developmental theory of childhood sexuality delineating the pathways of erotic activity from birth through puberty. In his theory he described a force by which the sexual instinct is represented in the mind known as Libido. However, the association of libido with sexuality is somewhat misleading as Freud 's intent was to encompass
When those experiences are primarily negative, children may develop emotional, behavioral, and learning problems that persist throughout their lifetime, especially in the absence of targeted interventions. Research has consistently found that child abuse and neglect (maltreatment) increases the risk of lower academic achievement and problematic school performance. These children have suffered significant emotional stress during critical periods of early brain development and personality formation, the support they require is reparative as well as
The study by Child Abuse and Neglect and the Brain—A Review Authors Danya Glaser First published: January 2000Full publication history DOI: 10.1111/1469-7610.00551, that the shows that injury can cause some terrible affects to the brain which in turn affects the attachment with the child and parent. Whole this damage of the brain can affect the physical ability to have secure attachment, issues relating to the cognitive ad emotions; behaviour of the child also comes into play. A child who has is unaware of the response from the carer giver will have unsecure attempt (reference text
Self-awareness is arguably the most fundamental issue in psychology, developmentally and evolutionary according to infant and child development specialist Dr. Philippe Rochat. From birth to age four or five a child will gradually form self-perception. Seeing and touching are ways in which a child perceives themselves through another’s eyes which is a very important time in a child’s life. Dr. Rochat as well claims that without the proper guidance and support, the process of self-perception becomes torturous for a child. Mary Shelley depicts the fight to perceive one’s self in her gothic novel Frankenstein, through the miseries of the Monster created by the central character of the novel, Victor Frankenstein.
This theory consisted of five different stages. The first is the oral stage, in it a newborns to eighteen month old infants find pleasure from the mouth, specifically, sucking. The second stage is the anal stage. It occurs at the age of eighteen months to three years. Freud believed that in this stage children receive pleasure from holding and letting go of their bowel movements.
The founder of psychoanalysis in Sigmund freud (1856-1939).to understand human behaviour psychoanalysis is a system of treatment that has given rise to discoveries and controversies that are actively with us today. It is a method of examining psychic phenomena and treating mental and emotional disorders that is based on the concepts and theories of Sigmund Freud, that highlights the importance of free association and dream analysis, and that involves treatment sessions during which the patient is encouraged to talk freely about personal experiences and especially about early childhood and dreams. The unconscious mind is made up of several, memories, feelings and urges that are external from our conscious mind The contents of the unconscious are generally unacceptable or unpleasant. Such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict. According to freud,1923,p.15.
In order to understand methods of reducing the long lasting effects of physical child abuse, one must first comprehend how these effects alter the course of an individual 's life. Surviving as a victim of abuse is more than leaving the abuser’s house. It will pertain scientific, social, economic, and cultural effects that will morph every aspect of an individual 's life. Each of these effects bears consequences that are often overlooked since they are not as halting as a black eye or broken rib, but the negative impacts of physical abuse have lasting effects that affect a victim’s future eternally. Abuse is a scar carried with a victim forever, but it does not have to suppress a bright future.
The definition of morality according to oxford dictionaries, is principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong and good and bad behaviour. It is the difference of intentions, decisions and actions between those that a considered as moral and immoral behaviour. The definition of debate is a formal discussion/ argument on a specific subject in which opposing groups put their argument forward and most of the time it ends in a vote. The assumptions of the psychodynamic approach are that your instincts and impulses are present at birth and the causes of behaviour are your feelings, emotions and childhood experiences. Instincts and impulses drive interactions from within the unconscious mind.