Sigmund Freud's Theory On The Id, Ego, And Superego

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Sigmund Freud, also known as the founder of psychoanalysis, has introduced his theory on the id, ego, and superego to the psychology world. He came up with three different component of personality: the id, ego, and superego. Each personality has a different function, and they develop into a person at different age.

According to Freud, the id is the most primitive part of the human personality, and it is developed during infancy, which means the id is already present in the new-born infant ( Wierzbicki, 1999). Freud believed that even the infant have sex drives. At birth, the infant is already completely influenced by the unconsciousness, which seek for the basic biological drives, for example, hunger, thirst and high sex drive ( Smith, Hoeksema, Fredrickson, and Loftus, 2003). The basic biological drives are very
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According to Freud, every individual will undergo different stages in the developmental of personality within the first 5 years of life (Smith, Hoeksema, Fredrickson, and Loftus, 2003). According to Weiten(2007), Freud explains that the sexual urges in a child will divert from one stage to another stage. At different stages in psychosexual development, the pleasurable feelings will be focused at different area of the body which is important, and become the source of conflict. When someone fail to solve a conflict completely, he or she will result in fixation (Ciccarelli and White, 2014). In short, for each psychosexual stages, challenges has to be faced, and failure to handle this challenges carefully will lead to fixation. Fixation is known as a failure for someone to proceed from one developmental stage to the next stage. This is due to excessive gratification or frustration for a particular need at a particular stage. Fixation which is experienced during childhood will relatively affect the same person when he or she becomes an adult (Weiten,
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